C18ACUPUNCTURE

StudyParticipantsInterventions
Conboy 2006; Trial held in UK; parallel; trial; Setting: secondary careInclusion & Exclusion criteria: Exclusion: previous acupuncture, pregnancy, laxative abuse, score of >150 on IBSSS, other GI disease, Type of IBS: Mixed; IBS Definition: Rome II; Severity of IBS symptoms: mixed; Bloating/flatus: Some patients; Post infective: not stated Age (range): ; Gender (M/F): ; Comorbidities: none
  1. 60 min in depth interview + 6 verum acupuncture sessions (Chinese Acupuncture); duration: 3 weeks; frequency/day: 6 x 20 min; amount (n=)
  2. 60 min interview + 6 sham acupuncture (placebo); duration: 3 weeks; frequency/day: amount 6 x 20 min (n=); Waiting list control -6 weeks, no treatment
Fireman 2001; Trial held in Israel; crossover; trial; Setting: secondary careInclusion & Exclusion criteria: Type of IBS: Mixed; IBS definition: Rome I; Severity of IBS symptoms: mixed; Bloating/flatus: Some patients; Post infective: not stated Age (range): 20 – 75 (45 yrs); Gender (M/F): 12:13; Comorbidities: none
  1. 2 x 30 min sessions (Li4) over 4 weeks (Chinese Acupuncture); duration: 7 weeks; frequency/day: 1 x fortnight; amount 30 mins 1 x fortnight (n=25)
  2. 2 x 30 min sessions (Bl60) sham acupuncture on inappropriate point (placebo); duration: 7 weeks; frequency/day: 30 mins 1 x fortnight; amount 1 x fortnight (n=25
Forbes 2005; Trial held in UK; parallel; trial; Setting: secondary careInclusion & Exclusion criteria: Exclusions: other physical disease, Type of IBS: Mixed; IBS definition: Rome I; Severity of IBS symptoms: Not stated; Bloating/flatus: Some patients; Post infective: not stated Age (range): 17–79 (44yrs); Gender (M/F): 21:39; Comorbidities: none tongue & pulse diagnosis made bt diagnosing acupuncturist.
  1. 8–16 needles inserted at 4–8 specified acupuncture points for 25 minutes (Chinese Acupuncture); duration: 10 weeks; frequency/day: 1 x week x 10 weeks; amount 1 x week (n= 27)
  2. 1x weekly treatment for 10 weeks (placebo); duration: 10 weeks; frequency/day: 1 x week; amount needles inserted at non acupuncture points (n=32)
Liu 1997; Trial held in China; parallel; trial; Setting: not statedInclusion & Exclusion criteria: Exclusion: organic disease Type of IBS: Mixed; IBS definition: ‘Had IBS’; Severity of IBS symptoms: Not stated; Bloating/flatus: Not stated; Post infective: not stated Age (range): 16–64yrs; Gender (M/F): 89:61; Comorbidities: not stated Weight, Length of time since presentation, duration of symptoms, ethnicity, socio-economic group
  1. Acupuncture(3–4 points) + psychotherapy (Chinese Acupuncture); duration: 3–21 weeks; frequency/day: 3 x week; amount Psychotherapy 1–2 sessions per week prior to acupuncture (n=50)
  2. Acupuncture alone (Acupuncture); duration: not stated; frequency/day: not stated; amount not stated (n=50)
    Control B-Psychotherapy only
Lowe 2000; Trial held in Canada; parallel; trial; Setting: secondary careInclusion & Exclusion criteria: Type of IBS: Mixed; IBS definition: Rome I; Severity of IBS symptoms: mixed; Bloating/flatus: Not stated; Post infective: not stated Age (range): 18–73 yrs; Gender (M/F): 8:32; Comorbidities: none
  1. Insertion of needles at 9 acupuncture points for 20mins (Chinese Acupuncture); duration: 4 weeks; frequency/day: 2 x twice eek; amount (n=28)
  2. Tapping blunt needle on same acupuncture points (placebo); duration: 4 weeks; frequency/day: ; amount 2 x week (n=22)
Schneider 2006; Trial held in Germany; parallel; trial; Setting: secondary careInclusion & Exclusion criteria: Exclusion: acupuncture in last 3 months, concomitant medication with effect on gut. Type of IBS: Mixed; IBS definition: Rome II; Severity of IBS symptoms: mixed; Bloating/flatus: All patients; Post infective: not stated Age (range): (47yrs); Gender (M/F): 1:42; Comorbidities: none
  1. Acupuncture on 8 points ( L3, St36, Sp6, C12, St21, St25, H7, Du Mai 20) (Chinese Acupuncture); duration: 5 weeks; frequency/day: 2 x week; amount 10 sessions (5 x 2 weekly) (n= 22)
  2. Sham acupuncture with Streitberger needle at non acupuncture points (placebo); duration: 5 weeks; frequency/day: 10 sessions (5 x 2 weekly); amount 2 x week (n=21)

From: Appendix C, Characteristics of included studies

Cover of Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Adults
Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Adults: Diagnosis and Management of Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Primary Care [Internet].
NICE Clinical Guidelines, No. 61.
National Collaborating Centre for Nursing and Supportive Care (UK).
Copyright © 2008, Royal College of Nursing.

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