Appendix B Table 1Search Strategies

Systematic Reviews
Databases: CDSR, DARE, HTA, NICE, PubMed
1991 to October 2007
  1. “Accidental Falls”[MeSH]
  2. “Accidental Falls”[MeSH] Limits: Aged: 65+ years, 80 and over: 80+ years
  3. geriatrics[mesh] OR geriatric[tw] OR older*[tiab] OR elder*[tiab] OR geriatric*[tiab] OR senior*[tiab]
  4. #1 AND #3
  5. fall[ti] OR falls[ti] OR falling[ti]
  6. older*[tiab] OR elder*[tiab] OR geriatric*[tiab] OR senior*[tiab] OR aged[tiab]
  7. #5 AND #6
  8. #7 AND (in process[sb] OR publisher[sb])
  9. #2 OR #4 OR #8
  10. #9 AND systematic[sb]
  11. #9 AND systematic[sb] Limits: English
  12. #11 AND jsubsetaim
  13. #11 AND Limits: added to PubMed in the last 1 year
Databases: MEDLINE, AHRQ
1992 to September 2008
  1. “Cataract Extraction/adverse effects”[Majr:NoExp] AND systematic[sb] Limits: Publication Date from 1994 to 2008, English
  2. “Estrogen Replacement Therapy/adverse effects”[Majr:NoExp] OR “Estrogen Replacement Therapy/mortality”[Majr:NoExp] OR “Hormone Replacement Therapy/adverse effects”[Majr:NoExp] OR “Hormone Replacement Therapy/mortality”[Majr:NoExp]) AND systematic[sb] Limits: Publication Date from 2002 to 2008, English
  3. “Vitamin D”[Mesh:noexp] AND systematic[sb] AND (“adverse effects “[Subheading:NoExp] OR adverse*[tiab] OR harm*[tiab]) Limits: Publication Date from 2002 to 2008, English
  4. vitamin d”[ti] OR “hormone replacement”[ti] OR “cataract surgery”[ti]) AND (in process[sb] OR publisher[sb] OR pubmednotmedline[sb]) AND systematic[sb] Limits: English
  5. #1 OR #2 OR #3 OR #4
Interventions to Prevent Falls (KQ 2), Fall-Related Injuries, Mortality, Disability, and Improve Quality of Life (KQ 1) and Identification of High-Risk Older Adults (KQ 4)
Databases: MEDLINE, CCRCT, CINAHL
2002 to February 2009
  1. Accidental Falls/
  2. (falls or faller or fallers).ti,ab.
  3. (fall or falling).ti.
  4. 1 or 2 or 3
  5. limit 4 to (“all aged (65 and over)” or “aged (80 and over)”)
  6. aged/ or “aged, 80 and over”/ or frail elderly/
  7. Geriatric Assessment/
  8. Geriatrics/
  9. Health Services for the Aged/
  10. geriatric$.ti,ab.
  11. older.ti,ab.
  12. senior$.ti,ab.
  13. elder$.ti,ab.
  14. aged.ti,ab.
  15. 6 or 7 or 8 or 9 or 10 or 11 or 12 or 13 or 14
  16. 4 and 15
  17. 5 or 16
  18. limit 17 to (controlled clinical trial or meta analysis or randomized controlled trial or clinical trial)
  19. controlled clinical trial/ or randomized controlled trial/ or clinical trial/
  20. meta-analysis/
  21. (control$ adj3 trial$).ti,ab.
  22. random$.ti,ab.
  23. clinical trial$.ti,ab.
  24. 19 or 20 or 21 or 22 or 23
  25. 24 and 17
  26. 18 or 25
  27. limit 26 to english language
  28. limit 27 to yr=“2002 – 2009”
  29. from 28 keep 1–500
Harms of Clinical Assessment, Home Hazard Modification, Clinical Education/Behavioral Counseling, and Exercise/Physical Therapy Interventions to Prevent Falls (KQ 3)
Databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL
1992 to February 2009
  1. Accidental Falls/
  2. (falls or faller or fallers).ti,ab.
  3. (fall or falling).ti.
  4. 1 or 2 or 3
  5. Geriatric Assessment/
  6. (multifactorial or multifaceted or multidimensional).ti,ab. and (assessment$ or intervention$).ti,ab,hw.
  7. geriatric assessment$.ti,ab.
  8. Patient Education as Topic/
  9. Patient education.ti,ab.
  10. Health Education/
  11. Health Education.ti,ab.
  12. education$ intervention$.ti,ab.
  13. Counseling/
  14. Directive Counseling/
  15. counsel$.ti,ab.
  16. Cognitive Therapy/
  17. House Calls/
  18. home visit$.ti,ab.
  19. ((home hazard$ or home safety) and (modification$ or program$)).ti,ab.
  20. hazard reduction.ti,ab. and home.ti,ab,hw.
  21. Exercise Therapy/
  22. exercise therapy.ti,ab.
  23. Physical Therapy.ti,ab.
  24. Physical Therapy Modalities/
  25. Exercise Movement Techniques/
  26. exercise training.ti,ab.
  27. tai chi.ti,ab.
  28. Tai Ji/
  29. gait training.ti,ab.
  30. balance training.ti,ab.
  31. mobility training.ti,ab.
  32. muscle strengthening.ti,ab.
  33. recurrent faller$.ti,ab.
  34. recurrent falls.ti,ab.
  35. Accidental Falls/pc
  36. or/5–36
  37. adverse effects.fs.
  38. adverse$.ti,ab.
  39. harm$.ti,ab.
  40. psychology.fs.
  41. “fear of falling”.ti,ab.
  42. or/38–43
  43. 4 and 37 and 44
  44. or/21–33
  45. injuries.fs.
  46. injur$.ti,ab.
  47. 47 or 48
  48. 4 and 46 and 49
  49. 45 or 50
  50. limit 51 to “all child (0 to 18 years)”
  51. limit 52 to “all aged (65 and over)”
  52. 52 not 53
  53. 51 not 54
  54. limit 55 to english language
  55. limit 56 to yr=“1992 – 2009”
  56. remove duplicates from 57
  57. from 58 keep 1–500
Harms of Clinical Management (Vision Correction, Hip Protectors, and Liquid Supplement) Interventions to Prevent Falls (KQ 3)
Databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL
1992 to February 2009
  1. Eyeglasses/
  2. spectacles.ti,ab.
  3. eyeglasses.ti,ab.
  4. glasses.ti,ab. and (vision or visual or eye$).ti,ab,hw.
  5. 1 or 2 or 3 or 4
  6. Dietary Supplements/
  7. Dietary Proteins/
  8. 6 and 7
  9. (protein adj2 supplement$).ti,ab.
  10. (ensure plus or ensure).rn.
  11. 8 or 9 or 10
  12. Protective Clothing/
  13. Protective Devices/
  14. Orthotic Devices/
  15. 12 or 13 or 14
  16. hip fractures/ or femoral neck fractures/
  17. (fracture$ adj2 (hip or femur$ or femor$)).ti,ab.
  18. 16 or 17
  19. 15 and 18
  20. (hip adj (protector$ or pad$)).ti,ab.
  21. 19 or 20
  22. 5 or 11 or 21
  23. adverse effects.fs.
  24. adverse$.ti,ab.
  25. harm$.ti,ab.
  26. 23 or 24 or 25
  27. 22 and 26
  28. aged/ or “aged, 80 and over”/ or frail elderly/ or middle aged/
  29. geriatric$.ti,ab.
  30. older.ti,ab.
  31. senior$.ti,ab.
  32. elder$.ti,ab.
  33. aged.ti,ab.
  34. 28 or 29 or 30 or 31 or 32 or 33
  35. 27 and 34
  36. limit 35 to english language
  37. limit 36 to yr=“1992 – 2009”
  38. remove duplicates from 37

From: Appendix B, Search

Cover of Interventions to Prevent Falls in Older Adults
Interventions to Prevent Falls in Older Adults: An Updated Systematic Review [Internet].
Evidence Syntheses, No. 80.
Michael YL, Lin JS, Whitlock EP, et al.

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