Confounders

Please report all confounders controlled in the analyses reported in the following result section (adjusted results)

UI Author Year Confounder Groups Please List Name of Confounder (including matching factors) Specific comments for confounders
8220092 Corder 1993 Other nutrients or dietary factors (e.g., certain food consumption), including supplement use and total energy intake No
Demographics (e.g., age, gender, race, education)? Yes Race (matched), age (matched)
Anthropometrics (e.g., BMI, body weight, % body fat)? No
Medical conditions No
Medication No
Sunlight exposure and its proxy variables (e.g., physical activity level, occupation, sun exposure, location) Yes Day of year (matched)
Smoking and other life styles variables No
Other No
*

Please choose “yes” if any one of the confounders in this group was controlled in the analysis

From: Appendix C, Evidence Tables: A-E

Cover of Vitamin D and Calcium
Vitamin D and Calcium: A Systematic Review of Health Outcomes.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 183.
Chung M, Balk EM, Brendel M, et al.

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