Confounders

Please report all confounders controlled in the analyses reported in the following result section (adjusted results)

UI Author Year Confounder Groups Please List Name of Confounder (including matching factors) Specific comments for confounders
17181890 Moschonis 2006 Other nutrients or dietary factors (e.g., certain food consumption), including supplement use and total energy intake
Demographics (e.g., age, gender, race, education)? no
Anthropometrics (e.g., BMI, body weight, % body fat)? no
Medical conditions
Medication
Sunlight exposure and its proxy variables (e.g., seasonal variation of 25(OH)D, UV exposure, location)
Smoking and other life styles variables (e.g., physical activity, occupation, alcohol consumption) no
Other
*

Please choose “yes” if any one of the confounders in this group was controlled in the analysis

From: Appendix C, Evidence Tables: L-Q

Cover of Vitamin D and Calcium
Vitamin D and Calcium: A Systematic Review of Health Outcomes.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 183.
Chung M, Balk EM, Brendel M, et al.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.