Please report all confounders controlled in the analyses reported in the following result section (adjusted results)

UI Author Year Confounder Groups Please List Name of Confounder (including matching factors) Specific comments for confounders
16365007 McCullough 2005 Other nutrients or dietary factors (e.g., certain food consumption), including supplement use and total energy intake stratified by ER status of the tumor, multivitamin use (current versus not current use), dietary fat intake (tertiles)
Demographics (e.g., age, gender, race, education)? Yes (age at menarche, age at menopause, age at child birth, race)
Anthropometrics (e.g., BMI, body weight, % body fat)? Yes [height (<63, 63 to <65, 65 to <67, 67 in, missing height), weight gain since age 18]
Medical conditions history of breast cyst
Medication Sunlight exposure and its proxy variables (e.g., physical activity level, occupation, sun exposure, location) Skin synthesis of vitamin D was examined by stratifying on UV index by state of residence for the subgroup of women
Smoking and other life styles variables Yes (alcohol consumption, hormone replacement therapy, current combined replacement therapy, past combined replacement therapy)
Other family hx of breast cancer in a mother or sister

Please choose “yes” if any one of the confounders in this group was controlled in the analysis

From: Appendix C, Evidence Tables: L-Q

Cover of Vitamin D and Calcium
Vitamin D and Calcium: A Systematic Review of Health Outcomes.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 183.
Chung M, Balk EM, Brendel M, et al.

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