FIGURE 3-5. Containerization.

FIGURE 3-5Containerization

Approximately 90 percent of non-bulk cargo worldwide moves by containers stacked on transport ships. More than 20 million such containers make over 200 million voyages per year; some ships can carry more than 14,500 units. The speed, efficiency, and convenience of this form of transport enable cargoes to be delivered directly from the ship to their destination with minimum delay at the dockside. In consequence, it has become totally impractical to make routine inspections, either at the port of arrival or at the point where the container is finally opened.

SOURCE: Fotosearch, LLC.

From: 3, Mobile Animals and Disease

Cover of Infectious Disease Movement in a Borderless World
Infectious Disease Movement in a Borderless World: Workshop Summary.
Institute of Medicine (US) Forum on Microbial Threats.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2010.
Copyright © 2010, National Academy of Sciences.

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