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Table 8-1Risk Factors for Hip Fracture Among Elderly White Women

VariablePercent Increased Risk
Age (per 5 yr)40%
History of maternal hip fracture80%
Height at age 25 (per 6 cm loss)30%
Previous hyperthyroidism70%
Current use of long-acting benzodiazepines60%
Current use of anticonvulsant drugs100%
Inability to rise from chair70%
Lowest quartile for depth perception (in vision)40%
Resting pulse rate greater than 80 beats/min70%
Any fracture since age of 5050%

Note: The increases in risk for fracture listed here are from the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures and are all significant. The numbers indicate how much greater the chance of having a fracture is likely to be when these factors are present. Other risk factors have been identified in subsequent studies, for example, weight loss increases the risk of fracture in the elderly (Ensrud et al. 2003).

Source: Based on Cummings etal. 1995.

From: 8, Assessing the Risk of Bone Disease and Fracture

Cover of Bone Health and Osteoporosis
Bone Health and Osteoporosis: A Report of the Surgeon General.
Office of the Surgeon General (US).
Rockville (MD): Office of the Surgeon General (US); 2004.

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