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Office of the Surgeon General (US). Bone Health and Osteoporosis: A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville (MD): Office of the Surgeon General (US); 2004.

Cover of Bone Health and Osteoporosis

Bone Health and Osteoporosis: A Report of the Surgeon General.

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Abbreviations and Acronyms

AAOS

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

ACOVE

Assessing Care of Vulnerable Elders

ACS

American Cancer Society

ACSM

American College of Sports Medicine

ACTH

adrenocorticotropic hormone

AD

autosomal dominant

AGS

American Geriatrics Society

AHRQ

Agency for Health Care Research and Quality

AI

adequate intakes

AIAN

American Indian and Alaska Native

AR

autosomal recessive

BH/BH

Bone Health/Body Health

BMD

bone mineral density

BSAP

bone specific alkaline phosphatase

BUA

broadband attenuation

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CEE

conjugated equine estrogens

CMAJ

Canadian Medical Association Journal

CME

continuing medical education

CMS

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

CNS

central nervous system

COPE

computerized physician order entry

CTx

C-terminal collagen crosslinked peptides

DASH

Dietary Approaches To Stop Hypertension

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

DOT

Department of Transportation

Dpd

free deoxypyridoline crosslinks

DRG

diagnosis-related group

DTCA

direct-to-consumer advertising

DV

daily value

DXA

dual x-ray absorptiometry

E + P

estrogen-progestin combination

ECF

extracellular fluid

EPESE

Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

fl oz.

fluid ounce

FNB

Food and Nutrition Board

g/cm2

grams per centimeter squared

GIO

glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis

gm

gram

GnRH

gonadotrophin-releasing hormone

HEDIS

Health Plan Employer Data and Information Set

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

HMO

health maintenance organization

HOPE

Health, Osteoporosis, Progestin, Estrogen

HRR

hospital referral regions

HRSA

Health Resources and Services Administration

HT

hormone therapy

IGF-1

insulin-like growth factor-1

IOM

Institute of Medicine

IPA

independent practice association

ISCD

International Society for Clinical Densitometry

IU

international units

kg

kilogram

m-CSF

macrophage colony stimulating factor

mg

milligram

MilkPEP

Milk Processor Education Program

ml

milliliter

MM

multiple myeloma

MMA

Medicare Modernization Act

MPA

medroxyprogesterone

NAWHO

National Asian Women’s Health Organization

NBHC

National Bone Health Campaign

NCDPH

North Carolina Department of Public Health

NCEP

National Cholesterol Education Program

NCHS

National Center for Health Statistics

NCI

National Cancer Institute

NCQA

National Committee for Quality Assurance

ND

not determinable

NDC

National Dairy Council

NDDIC

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse

NGC

National Guideline Clearinghouse

NHANES

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

NHDS

National Hospital Discharge Survey

NIA

National Institute on Aging

NICHD

National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

NIDCR

National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research

NIH

National Institutes of Health

NIHORBD~NRC

National Institutes of Health, Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases~National Resource Center

NJDHSS

New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services

NOF

National Osteoporosis Foundation

NORA

National Osteoporosis Risk Assessment

NTX

N-telopeptide of type I collagen

OI

osteogenesis imperfecta

OMBDC

Saint Barnabas Osteoporosis and Metabolic Bone Disease Center

OPG

osteoprotegerin

ORAI

Osteoporosis Risk Assessment Instrument

OST

Osteoporosis Self-Assessment Tool

OTA

Office of Technology Assessment

OTA

Orthopaedic Trauma Association

OWH

Office on Women’s Health

oz˙

ounce

PA

physical activity

PDSA

Plan, Do, Study, Act

pDXA

peripheral dual x-ray absorptiometry

PE

physical education

PEPI

Postmenopausal Estrogen/Progestin Interventions

PICP

carboxyterminal propeptide of type I collagen

PINP

aminoterminal propeptide of type I collagen

pkt

packet

pQCT

peripheral quantitative computed tomography

PROOF

Prevent Recurrence of Osteoporotic Fractures

PTH

parathyroid hormone

PTHrP

parathyroid hormone-related protein

Pyd

free and total pyridinolines

QALY

quality-adjusted life year

QCT

quantitative computed tomography

QOL

quality of life

QUS

quantitative ultrasound

RA

radiographic absorptiometry

RANKL

receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand

RDA

recommended daily allowance

RPCT

randomized placebo-controlled trial

RSVP

New Jersey Association of Retired and Senior Volunteer Program Directors

SCORE

Simple Calculated Osteoporosis Risk Estimation

SD

standard deviation

SERM

selective estrogen receptor modulator

SHPPS

School Health Policies and Programs Study

SOS

speed of sound

SPF

sun protection factor

SXA

single x-ray absorptiometry

Tbsp

tablespoon

TSH

thyroid stimulating hormone

UL

upper intake levels

USDA

United States Department of Agriculture

USDHHS

United States Department of Health and Human Services

USP

United States Pharmacopoeia

USPSTF

United States Preventive Services Task Force

USRDS

United States Renal Data System

WHI

Women’s Health Initiative

WHO

World Health Organization

WIC

Women, Infants, and Children Program

yr

year

Bookshelf ID: NBK45510
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