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Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Toxicology and Environmental Health Information Resources for Health Professionals; Liverman CT, Ingalls CE, Fulco CE, et al., editors. Toxicology and Environmental Health Information Resources: The Role of the National Library of Medicine. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 1997.

Cover of Toxicology and Environmental Health Information Resources

Toxicology and Environmental Health Information Resources: The Role of the National Library of Medicine.

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Glossary and Acronyms

AAPCC

American Association of Poison Control Centers

AIDS

acquirficiency syndrome

AIDSDRUGS

a factual online database (available on MEDLARS) containing information on chemical and biologic agents being evaluated in AIDS clinical trials

AIDSLINE

a bibliographic online database (available on MEDLARS) covering the scientific literature on AIDS and related topics

AIDSTRIALS

a factual online database (available on MEDLARS) containing information on the clinical trials of substances being evaluated for use against AIDS, HIV infection, and AIDS-related opportunistic diseases

AOEC

Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics

ATSDR

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry

CANCERLIT

Cancer Literature, a bibliographic online database (available on MEDLARS) covering the scientific literature on cancer epidemiology, pathology, treatment, and research

CAS

Chemical Abstracts Service, a division of the American Chemical Society; CAS is an abstracting and indexing service for the scientific literature on chemistry.

CAS Registry Number

an identification number assigned by CAS to each unique chemical entity

CCRIS

Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System, a factual online database (available on MEDLARS through TOXNET) sponsored by NCI containing scientifically evaluated data derived from carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, tumor promotion, and tumor inhibition tests

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CD-ROM

compact disk read-only memory

CERCLA

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980, also known as the Super-fund Act

ChemID

Chemical Identification, a nonroyalty chemical nomenclature and dictionary online database (available on MEDLARS) containing information on more than 294,000 chemical substances

CHEMLEARN

a computer-based tutorial, developed by SIS, to teach librarians, information specialists, and scientists how to effectively search ChemID and CHEMLINE

CHEMLINE

Chemical Dictionary Online, a royalty chemical nomenclature and dictionary online database (available on MEDLARS) containing information on more than 1.4 million chemical substances

CRISP

Computer Retrieval of Information on Scientific Projects, an online database providing information on NIH-funded research grants

DART

Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology, a bibliographic online database (available on MEDLARS through TOXNET) containing citations to the scientific literature on teratology and other aspects of developmental toxicology

DHHS

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

DIRLINE

Directory of Information Resources Online, a directory database (available on MEDLARS) containing information on more than 17,000 health and biomedical organizations, including federal, state, and local agencies, professional societies, support groups, academic and research institutions, and voluntary organizations

DOCLINE

NLM's automated interlibrary loan request and referral system

DoT

U.S. Department of Transportation

EHPC

Environmental Health Policy Committee, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

EINECS

European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances

ELHILL

MEDLARS software designed for bibliographic retrieval; a gateway links ELHILL to TOXNET allowing users to search all NLM databases.

EMIC and EMICBACK

Environmental Mutagen Information Center database (and its backfile, pre-1950 to 1991), bibliographic online databases (available on MEDLARS through TOXNET) covering the scientific literature on chemical, biologic, and physical agents that have been tested for mutagenic activity

EPA

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

ETICBACK

Environmental Teratology Information Center backfile, a bibliographic online database (available on MEDLARS through TOXNET) covering the scientific literature on teratology (pre-1950 to 1989); ETICBACK is continued by the DART database.

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

FEDRIP

Federal Research in Progress, an online database containing information on ongoing federally funded research projects in the physical sciences, engineering, and life sciences

FEMA

Federal Emergency Management Agency

FIFRA

Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (1947)

FTE

full-time employee

FY

fiscal year

GENE-TOX

Genetic Toxicology, a factual online database (available on MEDLARS through TOXNET) created by EPA containing peer-reviewed genetic toxicology data on approximately 3,000 chemicals

Grateful Med

an NLM-developed software package that facilitates searching of MEDLINE and other NLM online files

HBCUs

Historically Black Colleges and Universities

HIC

Health Information Center of the Wheaton Regional Library, Montgomery County, MD; NLM sponsors a project in conjunction with HIC to provide environmental health and HIV/AIDS information resources to the general public.

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

HSDB

Hazardous Substances Data Bank, a factual online database (available on MEDLARS through TOXNET) containing peer-reviewed toxicity, regulatory, emergency treatment, and environmental fate information on more than 4,500 chemicals

IAIMS

Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems, IAIMS grants are available through NLM to support institution-wide computer networks linking administrative, patient care, research, and education-related information systems.

IARC

International Agency for Research on Cancer

IOM

Institute of Medicine

IRIS

Integrated Risk Information System, a factual online database produced by EPA (available on MEDLARS through TOXNET) containing information on the carcinogenic and noncarcinogenic health risk assessment of more than 660 chemical substances

ISG

Information Systems Grants, grants available through NLM that provide funds for improving or expanding access to information technologies; larger hospitals and academic health centers are the primary recipients of these grants.

ISM

Information Sources Map, one of four knowledge components of the UMLS project; ISM is a database with information on the scope, location, and access points of biomedical databases.

LOANSOME DOC

a feature of the Grateful Med software program that allows health professionals to order full-text documents for references retrieved in MEDLINE and other NLM databases

Medical Informatics

the study of medical information, including medical decision making, cognitive processes, human-machine interface, knowledge representation, and information storage and retrieval

MEDLARS

Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System, NLM's network of more than 40 online bibliographic and factural databases

MEDLINE

Medical Literature Online, NLM's major bibliographic database covering the biomedical literature

MED75, 80, 85, 90

back files of MEDLINE

MeSH

Medical Subject Headings, NLM's controlled vocabulary thesaurus consisting of terms arranged in both an alphabetical and a hierarchical structure

Metathesaurus

a knowledge source component of UMLS that establishes conceptual links between biomedical terms from diverse source vocabularies and classifications

MTD

maximum threshold dosage

NAS

National Academy of Sciences

NCEH

National Center for Environmental Health

NCI

National Cancer Institute

NCTR

National Center for Toxicological Research

NEDI

National Environmental Data Index

NIEHS

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

NIH

National Institutes of Health

NIOSH

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

NLM

National Library of Medicine

NN/LM

National Network of Libraries of Medicine, a network of more than 4,500 health science libraries

NTIS

National Technical Information Service

NTP

National Toxicology Program

ORNL

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, a U.S. Department of Energy multiprogram laboratory

OSHA

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

PDQ

Physician's Data Query, a factual online database established by NCI containing information on cancer treatment and clinical research programs (available on MEDLARS)

POISINDEX

a commercial database produced by Micromedex, Inc., that provides toxicity and treatment information for exposures to household products and other chemical substances

R&D

research and development

RML

Regional Medical Library, major health science libraries that administer and coordinate services in the eight geographical regions of the NN/LM

RN

Chemical Abstracts Registry Number

RTECS

Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances, a factual online database produced by NIOSH (available on MEDLARS through TOXNET) that provides chemical toxicity data on more than 133,000 substances

SARA

Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (1986)

SIS

Specialized Information Services, the NLM division with responsibilities for the management of the TEHIP program and AIDS-related databases

SPECIALIST

a knowledge source component of UMLS that establishes lexical entries for biomedical terms and is used in natural language processing programs

SRP

Scientific Review Panel, experts in toxicology, medicine, and the environmental sciences that regularly review the content of HSDB

Superfund Act

(see CERCLA)

SUPERLIST

a feature of the ChemID database providing information on the chemicals that appear on key state and federal regulatory and environmental health listings

TEHIP

Toxicology and Environmental Health Information Program, NLM's program that encompasses 16 factual and bibliographic databases providing toxicology and environmental information

Telnet

program that lets Internet users log into computers other than their own host computers

TIP

Toxicology Information Program, NLM program created in 1967 to disseminate toxicology information; in 1994, the program changed its name to TEHIP.

TIPCOM

Toxicology Information Program Committee, a National Academy of Sciences advisory committee that provided policy and technical advice to SIS from 1969 to 1994

TOMES

Toxicology, Occupational Medicine, and Environmental Series, a commercial database produced by Micromedex, Inc., that provides medical and hazard management information for exposures to chemical substances

TOXLINE

Toxicology Information Online, a multicomponent, nonroyalty bibliographic online database (available on MEDLARS) providing citations to the worldwide literature on toxicology and related fields

TOXLINE65

TOXLINE backfile that primarily covers citations from 1965 to 1980

TOXLIT

Toxicology Literature, a royalty-based bibliographic online database (available on MEDLARS) composed primarily of citations from Chemical Abstracts

TOXLIT65

TOXLIT backfile that primarily covers citations from 1965 to 1980

TOXNET

Toxicology Data Network, NLM's microprocessor-based system for building, maintaining, and online delivery of databases in toxicology and environmental health; a gateway links the TOXNET systems with ELHILL so that the user can search all NLM databases.

TRI

Toxic Chemical Release Inventory, a series of online databases (available on MEDLARS through TOXNET) created by EPA from industry submissions of annual environmental releases (approximately 300 chemicals)

TRIFACTS

Toxic Chemical Release Inventory Facts, an online database (available on MEDLARS through TOXNET) containing summarized information on the health, ecological effects, safety, and handling of chemicals listed in TRI

TSCA

Toxic Substance Control Act (1976)

TSCAINV

Toxic Substances Control Act Inventory

UMLS

Unified Medical Language System, a multicomponent NLM research and development initiative working on the retrieval and integration of biomedical information from a variety of sources

WWW

World Wide Web

Copyright © 1997, National Academy of Sciences.
Bookshelf ID: NBK45482
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