Table F.3FCareer Progression of Life-Science PhDs—Male US Citizens and Permanent Residents

Survey Year
1973 1977 1981 1985 1989 1993 1995
Panel A: Fraction of 1–2 Year Cohort
Not in Full-time S&E Work Force
Unemployed and seeking position0.010.020.020.030.010.010.02
Part-time employed0.010.010.020.020.020.010.02
Working outside science and engineering0.020.030.010.030.020.030.03
Full-time employed in S&E field
Tenure-track faculty position @ PhD Institutions0.270.220.190.120.110.110.10
Tenure-track faculty position @ Other Inst0.150.080.070.060.040.060.05
Postdoc total appointments (in any sector)0.200.350.390.400.480.440.51
Other academic position0.070.040.070.100.060.110.12
Industry0.090.120.120.130.140.140.08
Federal labs and other government0.120.100.060.060.070.070.04
Other jobs (including self-employed)0.050.040.050.050.050.030.03
Research Involvement (in full-time S&E position)
Engaged primarily in research0.520.580.660.670.760.700.69
Supported by federal grants/contracts0.510.510.560.43n/a0.440.46
Supported by HHS, NSF, and/or USDA0.420.400.460.33n/a0.380.41
Panel B: Fraction of 3–4 Year Cohort
Not in Full-time S&E Work Force
Unemployed and seeking position0.010.030.010.010.000.000.02
Part-time employed0.010.010.000.010.030.020.01
Working outside science and engineering0.030.020.020.010.010.040.05
Full-time employed in S&E field
Tenure-track faculty position @ PhD Institutions0.420.320.310.260.220.170.15
Tenure-track faculty position @ Other Inst0.150.130.080.050.030.060.07
Postdoc total appointments (in any sector)0.050.100.170.200.220.280.27
Other academic position0.050.050.090.080.110.110.14
Industry0.120.150.180.240.220.200.19
Federal labs and other government0.120.110.090.080.110.070.08
Other jobs (including self-employed)0.060.080.040.070.050.040.02
Research Involvement (in full-time S&E position)
Engaged primarily in research0.430.430.650.610.690.700.65
Supported by federal grants/contracts0.500.450.430.40n/a0.400.44
Supported by HHS, NSF, and/or USDA0.420.360.360.32n/a0.350.38
Panel C: Fraction of 5–6 Year Cohort
Not in Full-time S&E Work Force
Unemployed and seeking position0.000.010.020.010.000.010.02
Part-time employed0.010.010.010.020.000.010.02
Working outside science and engineering0.020.040.020.030.030.050.05
Full-time employed in S&E field
Tenure-track faculty position @ PhD Institutions0.440.390.350.330.290.290.24
Tenure-track faculty position @ Other Inst0.150.150.090.080.080.050.06
Postdoc total appointments (in any sector)0.010.040.050.100.110.120.16
Other academic position0.030.030.070.040.100.070.08
Industry0.110.120.180.220.250.250.20
Federal labs and other government0.170.140.140.100.080.090.09
Other jobs (including self-employed)0.060.070.070.060.060.060.06
Research Involvement (in full-time S&E position)
Engaged primarily in research0.440.410.510.510.650.630.67
Supported by federal grants/contracts0.450.460.410.35n/a0.360.37
Supported by HHS, NSF, and/or USDA0.380.370.350.28n/a0.310.33
Panel D: Fraction of 7–8 Year Cohort
Not in Full-time S&E Work Force
Unemployed and seeking position0.000.010.000.010.000.010.00
Part-time employed0.000.010.020.010.010.010.01
Working outside science and engineering0.030.030.020.040.040.060.05
Full-time employed in S&E field
Tenure-track faculty position @ PhD Institutions0.500.450.400.400.330.310.34
Tenure-track faculty position @ Other Inst0.140.130.100.070.050.050.06
Postdoc total appointments (in any sector)0.010.020.020.010.050.060.06
Other academic position0.010.020.040.050.090.090.07
Industry0.120.120.200.220.260.240.23
Federal labs and other government0.130.130.120.110.090.110.11
Other jobs (including self-employed)0.050.070.080.070.080.060.07
Research Involvement (in full-time S&E position)
Engaged primarily in research0.410.410.410.510.600.620.63
Supported by federal grants/contracts0.510.440.370.36n/a0.370.39
Supported by HHS, NSF, and/or USDA0.430.360.300.31n/a0.330.35
Panel E: Fraction of 9–10 Year Cohort
Not in Full-time S&E Work Force
Unemployed and seeking position0.000.010.010.010.000.010.00
Part-time employed0.010.010.020.010.010.010.01
Working outside science and engineering0.030.040.040.040.040.060.04
Full-time employed in S&E field
Tenure-track faculty position @ PhD Institutions0.490.430.400.350.370.310.32
Tenure-track faculty position @ Other Inst0.130.150.150.090.060.090.05
Postdoc total appointments (in any sector)0.000.010.010.010.020.030.04
Other academic position0.010.010.050.050.050.060.09
Industry0.130.120.110.200.240.240.27
Federal labs and other government0.140.180.170.140.120.120.11
Other jobs (including self-employed)0.040.050.060.090.090.080.07
Research Involvement (in full-time S&E position)
Engaged primarily in research0.410.430.390.440.540.560.58
Supported by federal grants/contracts0.430.420.350.35n/a0.370.35
Supported by HHS, NSF, and/or USDA0.380.330.290.29n/a0.330.32

Source: Survey of Doctorate Recipients, 1973, 1977, 1981, 1985, 1985, 1989, 1993, and 1995.

From: F, Data Tables for Chapter 3

Cover of Trends in the Early Careers of Life Scientists
Trends in the Early Careers of Life Scientists.
National Research Council (US) Committee on Dimensions, Causes, and Implications of Recent Trends in the Careers of Life Scientists.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 1998.
Copyright © 1998, National Academy of Sciences.

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