ReferenceDisposition
1Birbaumer, Gerber, Miltner, et al., 1984Interventions: Blood volume pulse (BVP) biofeedback (two treatment groups)
2Birbaumer and Haag, 1982Interventions: Included treatment compared with two cognitive-behavioral treatments that we would have grouped together (since we excluded BVP, we would have had no comparison group)
3Blanchard, Kim, Hermann, et al., 1994Primary focus of trial inappropriate: Studied mechanism by which thermal biofeedback training succeeds or fails, i.e., examined effect of patients’ “belief in success” on headache reduction
4Claghorn, Mathew, Largen, et al., 1981Interventions: Biofeedback training to decrease skin temperature
5Cohen, McArthur, and Rickles, 1980Interventions: Biofeedback training for vasoconstriction of temporal scalp arteries; electromyographic (EMG) biofeedback for forehead cooling; alpha brain wave feedback
6Drury, DeRisi, and Liberman, 1979Trial had fewer than five subjects
7Elmore and Tursky, 1981Interventions: BVP biofeedback
8Feuerstein and Adams, 1977Trial had fewer than five subjects

Interventions: Cephalic vasomotor response biofeedback and EMG biofeedback for control of temporal artery
9Friar and Beatty, 1976Interventions: BVP biofeedback (temporal artery constriction)
10Gamble and Elder, 1983Trial had fewer than five subjects in each treatment group
11Gauthier, Bois, Allaire, et al., 1981Interventions: BVP biofeedback (temporal artery constriction, dilation); thermal biofeedback for decreasing skin temperature
12Gauthier, Doyon, Lacroix, et al., 1983Interventions: BVP biofeedback (temporal artery constriction, dilation)
13Gerhards, Rojahn, Boxan, et al., 1983Interventions: BVP biofeedback
14Haag and Gerber, 1987Does not report original research (abstract)

Interventions: BVP biofeedback treatment compared with two cognitive-behavioral treatments that we would have grouped together (since we excluded BVP, we would have had no comparison group)
15Hart, 1984Results not reported separately for migraine
16James, Thorn, and Williams, 1993Results not reported separately for migraine
17Johansson and Ost, 1987Intervention: Not appropriate for this study because treatment was designed to test the efficacy of “generalization training” rather than that of thermal biofeedback itself
18Knapp, 1982One treatment group had fewer than five subjects
19Kohlenberg and Cahn, 1981Intervention: Treatment was “self-help” strategy involving no therapist contact
20Largen and Mathew, 1981Intervention: Thermal biofeedback (sham intervention) for decreasing skin temperature
21Largen, Mathew, Dobbins, et al, 1981Intervention: Thermal biofeedback for decreasing skin temperature
22Lisspers and Ost, 1990Interventions: BVP biofeedback (temporal artery constriction, dilation)
23Marcus, Scharff, and Turk, 1995Results not reported separately for migraine
24Martin, Nathan, Milech, et al., 1989Results not reported separately for migraine
25Price and Tursky, 1976No headache results provided
26Reich, 1989Interventions: Could not determine number of patients in the “greater-than” and “less-than 15 treatments” groups for the two interventions we might have been able to study (thermal biofeedback and “microelectrical” therapy); no defined timepoint for the outcome measured; encountered many problems interpreting data
27Solbach, Sargent, and Coyne, 1992Duplication of Solbach, Sargent, and Coyne, 1984
28Szekely, Botwin, Eidelman, et al., 1986Intervention: Person-centered insight therapy treatment
29Wauquier, McGrady, Aloe, et al., 1995Does not report what data patients measured or how headache outcomes were measured
30Williamson, Monguillot, Jarrell, et al., 1984Results not reported separately for migraine
31Winkler, Underwood, Fatovich, et al., 1989Results not reported separately for migraine

From: Appendix C, Excluded Articles

Cover of Behavioral and Physical Treatments for Migraine Headache
Behavioral and Physical Treatments for Migraine Headache.
Technical Reviews, No. 2.2.
Goslin RE, Gray RN, McCrory DC, et al.

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