Table 1Coverage of laboratory services in select high-MDR-TB burden countries (2006)

PopulationNational reference laboratory (NRL)Access to diagnostic services
thousandsSputum smearCultureDST
number of labsper 100000 popnumber of labsper 5 million popnumber of labsper 10 million pop
1India1,151,751Y11,9681.08 0.03 8 0.07
2China1,320,864Y3,0100.2360 1.4 90 2.7
3Indonesia228,864N4,8552.141 0.9 11 1.8
4South Africa48,282Y1430.3131.382.7
5Nigeria144,720N6940.50 0.0 0 0.0
6Bangladesh155,991Y6870.43 0.1 0 0.2
7Ethiopia81,021Y7130.910.110.1
8Pakistan160,943N9820.63 0.1 1 0.2
9Philippines86,264Y2,3742.83 0.2 3 0.3
10DR Congo60,644Y1,0691.810.110.2
11Russian Federation143,221N4,9533.5978 34 302 68
12Viet Nam86,206Y8741.0181.022.1
13Kenya36,553Y7702.120.320.5
14UR Tanzania39,459Y6901.730.410.8
15Uganda29,899Y7262.430.521.0
16Brazil189,323Y4,0442.1193 5.1 38 10
17Mozambique20,971Y2501.210.210.5
18Thailand63,444Y9371.5655.11810
19Myanmar48,379Y3910.820.210.4
20Zimbabwe13,228Y1801.410.410.8
21Cambodia14,197Y1861.331.112.1
22Afghanistan26,088N5001.910.210.4

Source: Global Laboratory Initiative, Stop TB Department, World Health Organization

From: C, Partners In Health White Paper—Stemming the Tide of Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis: Major Barriers to Addressing the Growing Epidemic

Cover of Addressing the Threat of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis
Addressing the Threat of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis: A Realistic Assessment of the Challenge: Workshop Summary.
Institute of Medicine (US).
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2009.
Copyright © 2009, National Academy of Sciences.

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