Table 7.5

Relative risks for lung cancer associated with any workplace exposure to secondhand smoke among lifetime nonsmokers

Percentage with workplace secondhand smoke exposure
StudyPopulationTypes of questions asked regarding workplace secondhand smoke exposureCasesControlsRelative risk (95% confidence interval)
United States
Kabat and Wynder 1984 Men
Women
U.S. cities
Exposure at current or last job72
49
44
58
3.3 (1.0–10.4)
0.7 (0.3–1.5)
Garfinkel et al. 1985 Women
New Jersey and Ohio
Exposure—past 5 years
 past 25 years
45470.88 (0.7–1.2)
0.93 (0.7–1.2)
Wu et al. 1985 Women
Los Angeles
Exposure at all jobs55501.3 (0.5–3.3)
Butler 1988 Men
Women
Years worked with smokers29
33
38
43
0.98 (0.2–5.4)
1.0 (0.2–5.4)
Brownson et al. 1992 Women
Missouri
Exposure at current/last jobNR*NR0.98 (0.74–1.32)
Kabat et al. 1995 Men
Women
4 U.S. cities
Exposure at 4 jobs lasting >1 year56
60
56
57
1.02 (0.50–2.09)
1.15 (0.62–2.13)
Reynolds et al. 1996 Women
5 U.S. cities
Exposure at all jobs73661.6 (1.2–2.0)
Schwartz et al. 1996 Men and women
Detroit
Not specified53461.5 (1.0–2.2)
Canada
Johnson et al. 2001 WomenExposure at all jobs54491.20 (0.74–1.95)
Europe
Lee et al. 1986 Men
Women
United Kingdom
Not specified70
20
59
29
1.61 (0.39–6.6)
0.63 (0.17–2.33)
Kalandidi et al. 1990 Women
Greece
Exposure at current/last job73661.39 (0.76–2.54)
Boffetta et al. 1998 Men
Women
7 European countries
Exposure at all jobs74
53
71
47
1.13 (0.68–1.86)
1.19 (0.94–1.51)
Nyberg et al. 1998a Men
Women
Sweden
Exposure at all jobs86
75
81
66
1.89 (0.53–6.67)
1.57 (8.80–1.41)
Zaridze et al. 1998 Women
Russia
Exposure—past 20 years19190.88 (0.55–1.41)
Boffetta et al. 1999 Men and women
7 European countries
Exposure at all jobs55541.0 (0.5–1.8)
Kreuzer et al. 2000, 2001Men
Women
Germany
Exposure at all jobs66
53
71
52
0.78 (0.44–1.38)
1.14 (0.83–1.57)
Asia
Koo et al. 1984 Women
Hong Kong
Exposure at all jobsNRNR1.19 (0.48–2.95)
Shimizu et al. 1988 Women
Japan
Most recent/current job, any smokers at workNRNR1.2 (0.7–2.04)
Wu-Williams et al. 1990 Women
Northern China
Exposure at all jobs55501.2 (1.0–1.6)
Sun et al. 1996 Women
Northern China
Not specifiedNRNR1.38 (0.94–2.04)
Wang et al. 1996 Women
Shenyang, China
Not specified84850.89 (0.45–1.77)
Rapiti et al. 1999 Men and women
India
Not specifiedNRNR1.1 (0.3–4.1)
Zhong et al. 1999 Women
Shanghai, China
Exposure at each job held for ≥2 years27211.7 (1.3–2.3)
Lee et al. 2000 Women
Taiwan
Exposure at each job held for ≥5 years1071.2 (0.5–2.4)
Wang et al. 2000 Men and women
Gansu Province
Any workplace exposureNRNR1.56 (0.7–3.3)
Zhou et al. 2000 Women
Shenyang, China
Not specified85820.89 (0.25–3.16)
*

NR = Data were not reported.

Relative risk from calculations presented by Wells 1998 (Table 2).

Calculations based on the numbers presented in Table 2 of Johnson et al. 2001.

NR = Data were not reported.

Relative risk from calculations presented by Wells 1998 (Table 2).

Calculations based on the numbers presented in Table 2 of Johnson et al. 2001.

From: 7, Cancer Among Adults from Exposure to Secondhand Smoke

Cover of The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke
The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General.
Office on Smoking and Health (US).

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