Table 4.6

Concentrations of nicotine in restaurants

Concentrations of nicotine (micrograms per cubic meter [μg/m3])
StudyYear sampledStateNumber of restaurantsNumber of daysNumber of samplesMeanStandard deviationGeometric meanMinimumMedianMaximum
All sections
Coghlin et al. 1989 1987Massachusetts6NR*NRNRNRNR18.0NR70.0
Crouse and Carson 1989 NRNR36NRNRNRNR4.11.0NR36.0
Miesner et al. 1989 1987–1988NR2NRNR4.1NRNR2.04.16.2
Thompson et al. 1989 NRNR34NRNR5.46.43.50.54.137.2
Coultas et al. 1990 1986–1987NR1NRNRNRNRNRNR45.0NR
Crouse and Oldaker 1990 NRNR21NRNR4.3NRNRLD2.924.0
NRNR21NRNR6.3NRNR0.34.224.8
Oldaker et al. 1990 NRNR170NRNRNRNR5.1LDNR23.8
Jenkins et al. 1991 1991NR7NRNR3.4NRNRLDNR16.1
Lambert et al. 1993 1989New Mexico7NRNRNRNRNR1.53.23.8
McFarling 1994 1994Massachusetts1NRNR13.8NRNRNRNRNR
Maskarinec et al. 2000 1996–1997TennesseeNRNR326.011.9NR<0.240.849.3
1996–1997 WaitersTennesseeNRNR835.811.9NR<0.241.267.9
Nonsmoking sections
Lambert et al. 1993 1989New Mexico7NRNRNRNRNR0.21.02.8
Moschandreas and Vuilleumier 1999 Before 1998Illinois1 theme restaurant8NR0.5NRNR0.1NR1.2
Before 1998Illinois1 gourmet restaurant8NR1.1NRNR0.1NR1.6
Hammond and Perrino 2002 1998–1999Indiana71NRNR3.75.1NR0.022.226.7
*

NR = Data were not reported.

LD = Less than detectable.

NR = Data were not reported.

LD = Less than detectable.

From: 4, Prevalence of Exposure to Secondhand Smoke

Cover of The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke
The Health Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the Surgeon General.
Office on Smoking and Health (US).

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