Table 2.10. Percentage (and 95% confidence interval) of girls less than 18 years of age who were current smokers who reported frequent or heavy use of cigarettes, by selected characteristics, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA) and Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), United States, 1998-1999

CharacteristicHeavy use * Frequent use **
1998 NHSDA (ages 12-17)1999 YRBS (grades 9-12)1998 NHSDA (ages 12-17)1999 YRBS (grades 9-12)
Girls29.9 (±6.1)24.5 (±3.6)44.8 (±7.0)44.1 (±5.5)
Age (years)
12-1418.8 (±10.9) 27.8 (±9.5) 33.3 (±13.9)36.7 (± 11.3)
15-1734.0 (±7.3)24.3 (±3.9)48.7 (±8.1)44.7 (±5.8)
Race/ethnicity
White, non-Hispanic34.2 (±7.4)27.5 (±5.2)48.5 (±8.3)49.3 (±7.1)
Black, non-Hispanic9.7 (±7.5) 11.5 (±7.6) 35.5 (±17.0) 30.8 (±20.1)
Hispanic15.8 (±8.8) 12.7 (±5.7)23.7 (± 11.5) 25.1 (±7.4)
Boys32.1 (±5.8)30.2 (±3.9)43.9 (±6.4)48.5 (±5.3)

Note: NHSDAis a household survey that includes adolescents 12-17 years of age; 67.0% were 14-17 years of age. YRBS is a school-based survey that includes high school students in grades 9-12; these analyses were restricted to those less than 18 years of age; of these, 99.8% were 14-17 years of age. Data are not comparable across surveys due to differences in ages surveyed and survey methods.

*

For NHSDA, prevalence of heavy use of cigarettes is based on response to the question, "When you smoked cigarettes during the past 30 days, how many did you usually smoke each day?" For YRBS, prevalence of heavy use is based on response to the question, "During the past 30 days, on the days you smoked, how many cigarettes did you smoke per day?" In both surveys, prevalence of heavy use is the percentage of all persons in each demographic category who reported smoking about one half pack/day or more on the days they smoked during the past 30 days. In NHSDA, responses were coded as 6-15 cigarettes/day or more, and a comparable code was used in YRBS.

**

Based on response to the question, "During the past 30 days, on how many days did you smoke cigarettes?" Prevalence of frequent use is the percentage of all persons in each demographic category who reported smoking on > 20 of the past 30 days.

Estimate should be interpreted with caution because of the small number of respondents.Sources: NHSDA:Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, public use data tape, 1998 . YRBS:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Adolescent and School Health, public use data tape, 1999.

From: Chapter 2. Patterns of Tobacco Use Among Women and Girls

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Women and Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General.
Office on Smoking and Health (US).

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