Table 10Selected characteristics of reviews with entire focus on care coordination

ReferenceStudy designs includedClinical focusPopulation studiedIntervention setting
Multidisciplinary teams
Bower 2000208 RCT, CBA, ITSMental healthGeneral populationOutpatient
Craven 2006209 All study designsMental healthGeneral populationCommunity, outpatient clinic, specialist facility
Gunn 2006210 RCTDepressionAdult general populationOutpatient clinic
Latimer 1999211 All study designsSevere mental illnessGeneral populationOutpatient clinic, home
Marshall 2000212 RCTSevere mental illnessGeneral populationCommunity
Simmonds 2001213 RCT, quasi-RCTSevere mental illnessGeneral populationCommunity, home
Wadhwa 1999†214 RCT, quasi-RCTMental illness; terminal illnessGeneral populationHome, community, hospice
Ziguras 2000†215 Controlled studiesSevere mental illnessGeneral populationCommunity
Holland 2005216 RCTHeart failureGeneral populationHome, hospital, outpatient clinic
McAlister 2004217 RCTHeart failureNot statedHome, specialist facility
McAlister 2001*218 RCT, quasi-RCTIHDGeneral populationNot stated
Langhorne 2005219 RCTStrokeElderlyCommunity, hospital
Higginson 2003220 All study designsPalliative careGeneral populationOutpatient clinic, managed care, home, hospice
Lemieux-Charles 2006221 All study designs with a comparison group or analyzed across timeNo specific focusGeneral populationOutpatient clinic, home, Community, hospital
Richards 2003†222 RCTNo specific focusElderlyOutpatient clinic, hospital
Disease management
Neumeyer-Gromen 2004223 RCTMajor depressionGeneral populationManaged care
Göhler 2006224 RCTHeart failureGeneral populationNot stated
Roccoforte 2005225 RCTHeart failureGeneral populationOutpatient clinic, hospital, home
Whellan 2005226 RCTHeart failureGeneral populationHome, clinic
Yu 2006227 RCTHeart failureElderlyHome, hospital, outpatient clinic
Knight 2005228 RCT, CBADiabetesNot statedNot stated
Norris 2002†152 All comparative studiesDiabetesGeneral populationCommunity, managed care
Krause 2005229 Controlled studies; before-after studiesAsthma, diabetes, heart failureGeneral populationHome, hospital, outpatient clinic
Badamgarav 2003230 RCT, quasi-RCT, CBA, ITSRheumatoid arthritisGeneral populationOutpatient clinic
Case management
Gorey 1998231 RCT, quasi-RCT, pre-experimentalSevere mental illnessGeneral populationCommunity
Marshall 1998232 RCTSevere mental illnessGeneral populationCommunity
Windham 2003233 All study designsCHFElderlyOutpatient clinic, home, specialist facility
Payne 2002234 All study designsNo specific focusElderlyCommunity, hospital, home, nursing home
Integrated care
Jeffery 2000†235 RCTSevere mental illness; substance abuseGeneral populationSpecialist facility
Briggs 2006236 RCT, CBA, ITSNo specific focusGeneral populationOutpatient clinic
Johri 2003237 RCT, quasi-RCTNo specific focusElderlyCommunity
Interprofessional education
Reeves 2001238 All study designsMental healthGeneral populationNot stated
Irajpour 2006239 RCT, quasi-RCTPain managementGeneral populationCommunity, hospital
Zwarenstein 2001240 RCT, CBA, ITSNo specific focusNot applicable - no included articlesNot applicable - no included articles
Other care coordination interventions
Philbin 1999241 RCT, quasi-RCT, CBACHFElderlyNot stated
Greenhalgh 1994242 All study designsDiabetesGeneral populationOutpatient clinic, specialist facility
Ram 2005243 RCTAsthmaGeneral populationOutpatient clinic
Dohan 2005192 Not specifiedCancerGeneral populationCommunity, clinic
Grimshaw 2005244 RCT, CBA, ITSNo specific focusGeneral populationOutpatient clinic
Gruen 2003245 All study designsNo specific focusGeneral populationOutpatient clinic, hospital
McCusker 2006246 All study designsNo specific focusElderlyCommunity, hospital, home, outpatient clinic
Mitchell 2002247 RCTNo specific focusGeneral populationOutpatient clinic, hospital, home
Zwarenstein 2000248 RCT, quasi-RCT, CBA, ITSNo specific focusGeneral populationHospital

RCT: randomized controlled trial; CBA: controlled before-after study; ITS: interrupted time-series design;


disease management programs;

case management; CHF: congestive heart failure; HTN: hypertension; CAD: coronary artery disease; IHD: ischemic heart disease

From: 4, Review of Systematic Reviews of Care Coordination Interventions

Cover of Closing the Quality Gap: A Critical Analysis of Quality Improvement Strategies (Vol. 7: Care Coordination)
Closing the Quality Gap: A Critical Analysis of Quality Improvement Strategies (Vol. 7: Care Coordination).
Technical Reviews, No. 9.7.
McDonald KM, Sundaram V, Bravata DM, et al.

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