Appendix CListing of Excluded Studies

Publication Details

References

  1. Abdel-Razek A. Nosocomial infections in ventilated patients. Middle East J Anesthesiol. 1992;11(4):369–79. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 1625647]
  2. Abi-Said D, Raad I, Umphrey J. et al. Infusion therapy team and dressing changes of central venous catheters. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1999;20(2):101–5. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 10064212]
  3. Adams-Chapman I, Stoll BJ. Prevention of nosocomial infections in the neonatal intensive care unit. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2002;14(2):157–64. Study design did not meet criteria for RCT, CBA, ITS or SBA. [PubMed: 11981284]
  4. Alcohol for hand hygiene: new comparative studies add to the evidence base. Can Commun Dis Rep. 2003;29(1):4–6. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 12557469]
  5. Al-Hashemy AM, Seleem MI, Khan ZA. et al. Postoperative wound infection in surgical procedures. Saudi Med J. 2004;25(8):1122–3. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 15322616]
  6. Allen SD, Conger KB. Serratia marcescens infection of the urinary tract: a nosocomial infection. J Urol. 1969;101(4):621–3. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 4887310]
  7. Alpert JJ, Heagarty MC, Robertson L. et al. Effective use of comprehensive pediatric care. Utilization of health resources. American Journal of Diseases of Children. 1968;116(5):529. Excluded topic. [PubMed: 5687483]
  8. Alvarado CJ, Reichelderfer M. APIC guideline for infection prevention and control in flexible endoscopy. Association for Professionals in Infection Control. Am J Infect Control. 2000;28(2):138–55. Excluded topic. [PubMed: 10760223]
  9. Aly H, Herson V, Duncan A. et al. Is bloodstream infection preventable among premature infants? A tale of two cities. Pediatrics. 2005;115(6):1513–8. Study design did not meet criteria for RCT, CBA, ITS or SBA. [PubMed: 15930211]
  10. Amer FA, Mohtady HA, el-Behedy IM. et al. Bacteria of nosocomial urinary tract infections at a university hospital in Egypt: identification and associated risk factors. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2004;25(11):895–7. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 15566017]
  11. Andersen C, Hart J, Vemgal P. et al. Prospective evaluation of a multi-factorial prevention strategy on the impact of nosocomial infection in very-low-birthweight infants. J Hosp Infect. 2005;61:162–7. Other. [PubMed: 16240469]
  12. Andriole VT. Hospital acquired urinary infections and the indwelling catheter. Urol Clin North Am. 1975;2(3):451–69. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 1103410]
  13. Antimicrobial prophylaxis for surgery. Treat Guidel Med Lett. 2004;2(20):27–32. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention.
  14. APIC position paper: prevention of device-mediated bloodborne infections to healthcare workers. Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology,Inc. Am J Infect Control. 1998;26(6):578–80. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 9925504]
  15. Aronow HU, Bolton LB, Aydin C. et al. Patient focused care: evaluating the dual goals of quality improvement and cost reduction abstract. AHSR & FHSR Annual Meeting Abstract Book. 1994;11:8. Study design did not meet criteria for RCT, CBA, ITS or SBA.
  16. Austin TW, Austin MA, Coleman B. et al. Total knee replacement surgery and surgical site infection: a prospective audit. Can J Surg. 2004;47(2):145. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PMC free article: PMC3211912] [PubMed: 15132473]
  17. Avery CM, Jamieson N, Calne RY. Effective administration of heparin and antibiotic prophylaxis. Br J Surg. 1995;82(8):1136–7. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 7648175]
  18. Babcock HM. Surveillance for surgical-site infections: it' getting better all the time. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2003;24(10):722–3. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 14587930]
  19. Bagnulo H. Principles and problems in surgical infections. Introduction. Surg Infect (Larchmt) 2001;2(Suppl 1):S1–2. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 12594859]
  20. Bailey DR, Riedel DC. Study evaluates Blue Cross recertification experiment. Modern Hospital. 1968;110(2):106. Excluded topic. [PubMed: 5637443]
  21. Ball C. Medical devices and their role in the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia—challenging some sacred cows! Intensive Crit Care Nurs. 2005;21(3):131–4. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 15907665]
  22. Bard biocath hydrophilic-coated Foley catheters. Health Devices. 1988;17(2):69. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 3273945]
  23. Barson AJ. Fatal Pseudomonas aeruginosa bronchopneumonia in a children' hospital. Arch Dis Child. 1971;46(245):55–60. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PMC free article: PMC1647571] [PubMed: 5555490]
  24. Bartlett RC. Control of hospital-associated infection. Prog Clin Pathol. 1972;4:259–82. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 4677446]
  25. Bates DW, Makary MA, Teich JM. et al. Asking residents about adverse events in a computer dialogue: how accurate are they? Jt Comm J Qual Improv. 1998;24(4):197–202. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 9589332]
  26. Bishop-Kurylo D. The clinical experience of continuous quality improvement in the neonatal intensive care unit. J Perinat Neonatal Nurs. 1998;12(1):51–7. No eligible outcomes. [PubMed: 9782877]
  27. Blenkharn JJ. Prevention of bacteriuria during urinary catheterization of patients in an intensive care unit: evaluation of the ‘Ureofix 500’ closed drainage system. J Hosp Infect. 1985;6(2):187–93. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 2862194]
  28. Bleyer AJ, Mason L, Russell G. et al. A randomized, controlled trial of a new vascular catheter flush solution (minocycline-EDTA) in temporary hemodialysis access. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2005;26(6):520–4. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 16018426]
  29. Bloom B, Craddock A, Delmore P. et al. Reducing acquired infections in the NICU: observing and implementing meaningful differences in process between high and low acquired infection rate centers. Journal of Perinatology. 2003;23(6):489. No eligible outcomes. [PubMed: 13679937]
  30. Bodiwala GG, George TK. Surgical gloves during wound repair in the accident-and-emergency department. Lancet. 1982;2(8289):91–2. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 6123821]
  31. Boelle PY, Golliot F, Valleron AJ. A framework for benchmarking hospital performance: application to surgical site infection. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2003;95:777–82. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 14664082]
  32. Bond P, Harris C. Best practice in urinary catheterisation and catheter care. Nurs Times. 2005;101(8):54, 6, 8. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 15754946]
  33. Bonten MJ, Gaillard CA, Hulst Rvd. et al. Intermittent enteral feeding: the influence on respiratory and digestive tract colonization in mechanically ventilated intensive-care-unit patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1996;154(2 Pt 1):394–9. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 8756812]
  34. Bonten MJ, Gaillard CA, Tiel FHv. et al. Colonization and infection with Enterococcus faecalis in intensive care units: the role of antimicrobial agents. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1995;39(12):2783–6. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PMC free article: PMC163030] [PubMed: 8593020]
  35. Booth AL, Weeks RM, Hutcheson RH. et al. A statewide characterization of hospital infection control practices and practitioners. Infect Control. 1980;1(4):227–32. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 6905814]
  36. Borlu M, Utas S. Pyoderma gangrenosum after cholecystectomy. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2001;15(2):185–6. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 11495536]
  37. Boyce JM, Jackson MM, Pugliese G. et al. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA): a briefing for acute care hospitals and nursing facilities. The AHA Technical Panel on Infections Within Hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1994;15(2):105–15. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 8201231]
  38. Boyce TG. Utility of peripheral venous blood cultures in patients with central venous catheters. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2000;19(5):491–2. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 10819359]
  39. Brock VB. The impact of performance feedback on handwashing behaviors. The University of Alabama at Birmingham ** D 2002. Other: article not available.
  40. Brook AD, Ahrens TS, Schaiff R. et al. Effect of a nursing-implemented sedation protocol on the duration of mechanical ventilation see comments. Critical Care Medicine. 1999;27(12):2609. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 10628598]
  41. Brown SM, Lubimova AV, Khrustalyeva NM. et al. Use of an alcohol-based hand rub and quality improvement interventions to improve hand hygiene in a Russian neonatal intensive care unit. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology. 2003;24(3):172. Excluded topic. [PubMed: 12683507]
  42. Brox N, Ghazarian P. Reducing surgical site infection through process improvement initiatives. Kans Nurse. 2004;79(4):10–1. Study design did not meet criteria for RCT, CBA, ITS or SBA. [PubMed: 16381346]
  43. Brun-Buisson C. New technologies and infection control practices to prevent intravascular catheter-related infections. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2001;164(9):1557–8. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 11719292]
  44. Brun-Buisson C. Nosocomial pneumonia during mechanical ventilation. Thorax. 1996;51(7):771–2. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PMC free article: PMC472507] [PubMed: 8882091]
  45. Brunelle D. Impact of a dedicated infusion therapy team on the reduction of catheter-related nosocomial infections. J Infus Nurs. 2003;26:362–6. Other: interventions did not include our target interventions. [PubMed: 14624176]
  46. Carling P, Fung T, Killion A. et al. Favorable impact of a multidisciplinary antibiotic management program conducted during 7 years. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology. 2003;24(9):699. No eligible outcomes. [PubMed: 14510254]
  47. Carroll P. Preventing nosocomial pneumonia. Rn. 1998;61(6):44–7. quiz 8. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 9668905]
  48. Casey J, Davies J. A nurse led central line insertion service. Edtna Erca J. 2003;29(4):203–5. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 14748429]
  49. Cerwenka H, Wolf G, Mischinger HJ. et al. Natural killer cell deficiency and severe wound infection after thyroid surgery. Eur J Surg. 2001;167(10):792–4. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 11775734]
  50. Chan YM, Ngai SW, Hon E. et al. Could the incidence of postoperative urinary tract infection be reduced by reversing the sequence of vaginal cleansing and urethral catheterization? J Hosp Infect. 2000;46(1):67–72. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 11023726]
  51. Children's hospitals prevent post-surgical infections. Perform Improv Advis. 2005;9(6):61–3. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention.
  52. Childs SJ. Perioperative prevention of infection in genitourinary surgery. Antibiot Chemother. 1985;33:1–29. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 3888091]
  53. Chinn R, Dembitsky W, Eaton L. et al. Multicenter experience: prevention and management of left ventricular assist device infections. Asaio J. 2005;51(4):461–70. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 16156314]
  54. Chonmide ON, McMahon M, Gillen P. et al. Non-specialist paediatric surgery—where should it be performed? Ir Med J. 1999;92(7):439. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 10967871]
  55. “Close the loop” in QI for ASCs. OR Manager. 2000;16(3):17, 20. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 11066804]
  56. Cobb DK, High KP, Sawyer RG. et al. A controlled trial of scheduled replacement of central venous and pulmonary-artery catheters. N Engl J Med. 1992;327(15):1062–8. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 1522842]
  57. Cohran J, Larson E, Roach H. et al. Effect of intravascular surveillance and education program on rates of nosocomial bloodstream infections. Heart Lung. 1996;25(2):161–4. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 8682688]
  58. Collier C, Miller DP, Borst M. Community hospital surgeon-specific infection rates. Infect Control. 1987;8(6):249–54. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 3654124]
  59. Collis DK, Steinhaus K. Total hip replacement without deep infection in a standard operating room. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1976;58(4):446–50. Study design did not meet criteria for RCT, CBA, ITS or SBA. [PubMed: 1270462]
  60. Collopy BT, Hart JA, Hooper JC, et al. An inter-hospital criteria audit of infection in total hip-joint replacement surgery. Aust Clin Rev. 1984(13):19–21. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 6497758]
  61. Complications of colonic and rectal surgery: discussion. Dis Colon Rectum. 1973;16(1):23–8. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 4689298]
  62. Controlling antimicrobial resistance. An integrated action plan for Canadians. Can Commun Dis Rep. 1997;23 Suppl 7:i–iv, 1–32, i–iv, 1-. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 11195276]
  63. Couzigou C, Lamory J, Salmon-Ceron D. et al. Short peripheral venous catheters: effect of evidence-based guidelines on insertion, maintenance and outcomes in a university hospital. J Hosp Infect. 2005;59(3):197–204. Excluded topic. [PubMed: 15694976]
  64. Crow S. Infection control in the emergency room. Nurs Clin North Am. 1980;15(4):869–82. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 6935635]
  65. Crummy V. Hospital-acquired urinary tract infection. Nurs Times. 1985;81(23):suppl 7–12. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 3847908]
  66. Cunha BA. Diagnosis and prevention of intravenous central line-associated infections. Heart Lung. 1995;24(4):261–2. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 7591792]
  67. Cunha BA. Nosocomial urinary tract infections. Heart Lung. 1982;11(6):545–51. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 6290427]
  68. Dagan O, Cox PN, Ford-Jones L. et al. Nosocomial infection following cardiovascular surgery: comparison of two periods, 1987 vs. 1992. Crit Care Med. 1999;27:104–8. Other: QI intervention not described. [PubMed: 9934902]
  69. Dancer SJ, Crawford A. Keeping MRSA out of a district general hospital. J Hosp Infect. 1999;43(Suppl):S19–27. No eligible outcomes. [PubMed: 10658755]
  70. Dann AI. Central line sepsis in children with gastrointestinal disorders. Gastroenterol Nurs. 1994;16(6):259–63. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 8075161]
  71. Dart CR, Cooke RP. Central venous catheter care. Br J Hosp Med. 1995;53(3):113–4. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 7728312]
  72. Daschner F. Stress ulcer prophylaxis and the risk of nosocomial pneumonia in artificially ventilated patients. Eur J Clin Microbiol. 1987;6(2):129–31. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 3595579]
  73. Davis KJ, Evans SL, Campbell RS. et al. Heat-moisture exchangers and risk of nosocomial pneumonia. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2000;21(9):618. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 11001272]
  74. de Gentile A, Rivas N, Sinkowitz-Cochran R. et al. Nosocomial infections in a children's hospital in Argentina: impact of a unique infection control intervention program. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology. 2001;22(12):762. No eligible outcomes. [PubMed: 11876454]
  75. Degroot J. Indwelling catheters. Am J Nurs. 1975;75(3):448–9. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 1038317]
  76. DeLise DC, Leasure AR. Benchmarking: measuring the outcomes of evidence-based practice. Outcomes Manag Nurs Pract. 2001;5(2):70–4. Study design did not meet criteria for RCT, CBA, ITS or SBA. [PubMed: 11898330]
  77. Dickerson N, Horton P, Smith S. et al. Clinically significant central venous catheter infections in a community hospital: association with type of dressing. J Infect Dis. 1989;160(4):720–2. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 2794563]
  78. DiConsiglio J. Combine & conquer. Mater Manag Health Care. 2004;13(10):32–4. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 15559598]
  79. Dimick JB, Pronovost PJ, Heitmiller RF. et al. Intensive care unit physician staffing is associated with decreased length of stay, hospital cost, and complications after esophageal resection. Crit Care Med. 2001;29(4):753–8. Study design did not meet criteria for RCT, CBA, ITS or SBA. [PubMed: 11373463]
  80. Dinc L, Erdil F. The effectiveness of an educational intervention in changing nursing practice and preventing catheter-related infection for patients receiving total parenteral nutrition. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2000;37(5):371. No eligible outcomes. [PubMed: 10785528]
  81. Dittmer ID, Tomson CR. Pulmonary abscess complicating central venous hemodialysis catheter infection. Clin Nephrol. 1998;49(1):66. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 9491291]
  82. Dittmer ID. Infections associated with central venous catheterisation for plasmapheresis. Aust N Z J Med. 1998;28(6):835. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 9972418]
  83. dos Santos CC, Zhang H, Slutsky AS. From bench to bedside: bacterial growth and cytokines. Crit Care. 2002;6(1):4–6. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PMC free article: PMC137387] [PubMed: 11940256]
  84. Doughty DB. Preventing and managing surgical wound dehiscence. Home Healthc Nurse. 2004;22(6):364–7. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 15184776]
  85. Drakulovic MB, Djokic D, Torres A. Colonization with Pseudomonas aeruginosa in critically ill patients and measures for its prevention. Neth J Med. 1999;55(3):100–2. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 10509066]
  86. Dries DJ, McGonigal MD, Malian MS. et al. Protocol-driven ventilator weaning reduces use of mechanical ventilation, rate of early reintubation, and ventilator-associated pneumonia. J Trauma. 2004;56(5):943–51. discussion 51–2. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 15179231]
  87. Early intervention prevents pneumonia in high-risk populations. Med Manag Netw. 1999;7(2):6–9. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 10346217]
  88. Earsing KA, Hobson DB, White KM. Best-practice protocols: preventing central line infection. Nurs Manage. 2005;36:18–24. Duplicate publication. [PubMed: 16210947]
  89. East TD, Heermann LK, Bradshaw RL, et al. Efficacy of computerized decision support for mechanical ventilation: results of a prospective multi-center randomized trial. Proceedings / AMIA Annual Symposium. 1999:251. Excluded topic. [PMC free article: PMC2232746] [PubMed: 10566359]
  90. Eggimann P, Hugonnet S, Sax H. et al. Long-term reduction of vascular access-associated bloodstream infection. Ann Intern Med. 2005;142:875–6. Duplicate publication. [PubMed: 15897546]
  91. Elward AM. Pediatric ventilator-associated pneumonia. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2003;22(5):445–6. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 12792388]
  92. Evans AT. Nosocomial infections and the urologist. J Urol. 1974;111(6):813–6. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 4598375]
  93. Everitt DE, Soumerai SB, Avorn J. et al. Changing surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis practices through education targeted at senior department leaders. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology. 1990;11:578. Other: no baseline data reported. [PubMed: 2124233]
  94. Fanning C, Johnston BL, MacDonald S. et al. Postdischarge surgical site infection surveillance. Can J Infect Control. 1995;10(3):75–9. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 8555514]
  95. Fanning MF. Reducing postoperative pulmonary complications in cardiac surgery patients with the use of the best evidence. J Nurs Care Qual. 2004;19(2):95–9. Excluded topic. [PubMed: 15077825]
  96. Farley JE, Srinivasan A, Richards A. et al. Handheld computer surveillance: shoe-leather epidemiology in the “palm” of your hand. Am J Infect Control. 2005;33(8):444–9. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 16216657]
  97. Ferraz EM, Ferraz AA, Coelho HS. et al. Postdischarge surveillance for nosocomial wound infection: does judicious monitoring find cases? Am J Infect Control. 1995;23(5):290–4. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 8585640]
  98. Ferrer R, Artigas A. Clinical review: non-antibiotic strategies for preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia. Crit Care. 2002;6(1):45–51. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PMC free article: PMC137396] [PubMed: 11940265]
  99. Field J. Prevention of infection: central venous catheters. Nurs Stand. 2002;16(38):40–4. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 12077955]
  100. Filippo AD, Gaudio ARD. Device-related infections in critically ill patients. Part II: Prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia and urinary tract infections. J Chemother. 2003;15(6):536–42. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 14998076]
  101. Flanders E, Hinnant JR. Ambulatory surgery postoperative wound surveillance. Am J Infect Control. 1990;18(5):336–9. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 2252227]
  102. Forchielli ML, Lo CW, Richardson D. et al. Central venous line related bacteremia during total parenteral nutrition and/or chemotherapy infusions in children. Ann Ig. 1997;9(1):35–40. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 9284587]
  103. Forster DH, Krause G, Gastmeier P. et al. Can quality circles improve hospital-acquired infection control? J Hosp Infect. 2000;45(4):302–10. No eligible outcomes. [PubMed: 10973748]
  104. Fraenkel D, Rickard C, Thomas P. et al. A prospective, randomized trial of rifampicin-minocycline-coated and silver-platinum-carbon-impregnated central venous catheters. Crit Care Med. 2006;34(3):668–75. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 16505651]
  105. Franklin CM. Does ICU care determine the outcome of caring for patients with pneumococcal bacteremia? Chest. 1995;108(5):1475. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 7587469]
  106. Fridkin SK, Gaynes RP. Antimicrobial resistance in intensive care units. Clin Chest Med. 1999;20(2):303–16, viii. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 10386258]
  107. Fridkin SK. Increasing prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in intensive care units. Crit Care Med. 2001;29(4 Suppl):N64–8. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 11292878]
  108. Friedewald M, Elwin C. New graduate nurses and infection control: knowledge versus practice. Australian Infection Control. 2003;8(1):21. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention.
  109. From the NIH: Urinary catheter care may increase risk of infection. Jama. 1981;246(1):30. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 7017173]
  110. Fryklund B, Haeggman S, Burman LG. Transmission of urinary bacterial strains between patients with indwelling catheters—nursing in the same room and in separate rooms compared. J Hosp Infect. 1997;36(2):147–53. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 9211162]
  111. Gastmeier P, Sohr D, Brandt C. et al. Reduction of orthopaedic wound infections in 21 hospitals. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2005;125(8):526–30. Study design did not meet criteria for RCT, CBA, ITS or SBA. [PubMed: 16189690]
  112. GDEPIH-GOSPIZ Belgian consensus strategies to control antibiotic-resistant bacteria in hospitals. Acta Clin Belg. 1999;54(1):15–6. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 10192971]
  113. Geubbels EL, Bakker HG, Houtman P. et al. Promoting quality through surveillance of surgical site infections: five prevention success stories. Am J Infect Control. 2004;32(7):424–30. Study design did not meet criteria for RCT, CBA, ITS or SBA. [PubMed: 15525920]
  114. Geyer S. Breathing easy. Vigilance and education can prevent VAP. Mater Manag Health Care. 2004;13(7):14, 6–7. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 15314905]
  115. Gibbs H. Journal of Infection Control Nursing. Catheter toilet and urinary tract infections. Nurs Times. 1986;82(23):75–6. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 3637812]
  116. Glenwright HD, Martin MV. Infection control in dentistry. A practitioner' guide. British Dental Association. Br Dent J. 1993;175(1 Suppl):8. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 8217416]
  117. Goetz AM, Kedzuf S, Wagener M, Muder RR. Feedback to nursing staff as an intervention to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infections. American Journal of Infection Control. 1999;27:402. Other: interventions did not include our target interventions. [PubMed: 10511486]
  118. Goetz AM, Muder RR. The problem of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: a critical appraisal of the efficacy of infection control procedures with a suggested approach for infection control programs. Am J Infect Control. 1992;20(2):80–4. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 1590603]
  119. Goode CJ, Piedalue F. Evidence-based clinical practice. J Nurs Adm. 1999;29(6):15–21. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 10377921]
  120. Gorecki PJ, Schein M, Mehta V, et al. Surgeons and infectious disease specialists:different attitudes towards antibiotic treatment and prophylaxis in common abdominalsurgical infections. Surg Infect (Larchmt). 2000;1(2):115–23; discussion 25–6. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 12594899]
  121. Gorecki W, Grochowska E, Krysta M. et al. A prospective comparison of antibiotic usage in pediatric surgical patients: the safety, advantage, and effectiveness of the Surgical Infection Society guidelines versus a common practice. J Pediatr Surg. 2002;37(10):1430–4. Excluded topic. [PubMed: 12378448]
  122. Gould D, Chamberlain A. The use of a ward-based educational teaching package to enhance nurses' compliance with infection control procedures. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 1997;6:55. Other: out of scope. [PubMed: 9052110]
  123. Grady NPO, Alexander M, Dellinger EP. et al. Guidelines for the prevention of intravascular catheter-related infections. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2002;23(12):759–69. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 12517020]
  124. Greene JN. Catheter-related complications of cancer therapy. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 1996;10(2):255–95. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 8803621]
  125. Hand washing, cleaning, disinfection and sterilization in health care. Can Commun Dis Rep. 1998;24 Suppl 8:i–xi, 1–55, i–xi, 1–7. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 11195271]
  126. Hanucharurnkui S, Vinya-nguag P. Effects of promoting patients' participation in self-care on postoperative recovery and satisfaction with care. Nurs Sci Q. 1991;4(1):14–20. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 1705685]
  127. Harper P. Guidelines for preventing hospital-acquired infection. Nurs Times. 2001;97(13):34–6. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 11954272]
  128. Harris JR, Miller TH. Preventing nosocomial pneumonia: evidence-based practice. Crit Care Nurse. 2000;20(1):51–66; quiz 7–8. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 11871526]
  129. Heriteau FL, Alberti C, Cohen Y. et al. Nosocomial infection and multidrug-resistant bacteria surveillance in intensive care units: a survey in France. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2005;26(1):13–20. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 15693404]
  130. HIV and bloodborne infections in emergency medicine. American College of Emergency Physicians. Ann Emerg Med. 1997;29(4):571–2. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 9095029]
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  139. ICU improvement project cuts central line infections 50%. Perform Improv Advis.2005;9(12):137–8, 3. Study design did not meet criteria for RCT, CBA, ITS or SBA. [PubMed: 16454061]
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  143. Jansen D. The impact of a clinical nurse's role on CVC infections and bacteremia: a two year comparative, retrospective study. Aust Nurs J. 1994;1:22–5. Other: no eligible preventive practices. [PubMed: 7697164]
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  147. Johnson S, Gerding DN, Olson MM. et al. Prospective, controlled study of vinyl glove use to interrupt Clostridium difficile nosocomial transmission. American Journal of Medicine. 1990;88(2):137. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 2301439]
  148. Jorbeck H, Sterner G, Enocksson E. et al. Staphylococcal infection in pregnancy at term. Scand J Infect Dis Suppl. 1990;71:86–8. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 2287921]
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  249. Proposed recommended practices. Surgical scrubs. AORN Technical Practices Coordinating Committee. Aorn J. 1990;51(1):226–8, 30–4. Not an evaluation of a QI intervention. [PubMed: 2301938]
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