Table 2Odds ratio of responding positively in 2007 compared to 2005 for five survey items

Survey itemOdds ratio (95% CI)P-value
When a mistake is made but is caught and corrected before affecting the patient, how often is this reported?b (Evidence of a reporting culture)1.30 (1.14, 1.47)<0.0001a
Staff worry that mistakes they make are kept in their personnel file.c (Evidence of a just culture)1.24 (1.04, 1.46)0.01a
Staff feel free to question the decisions and actions of those with more authority.d (Evidence of a flexible culture)1.23 (1.07, 1.41)0.004a
In this department, we discuss ways to prevent errors from happening again.d (Evidence of a learning culture)1.08 (0.86, 1.36)0.51
Mistakes have led to positive changes here.d (Evidence of an informed culture)1.09 (0.90, 1.32)0.36
a

Significant at P≤0.01.

b

“Most of the time” and “Always” are positive responses.

c

“Strongly Disagree” and “Disagree” are positive responses.

d

“Agree” and “Strongly Agree” are positive responses.

Significant at P≤0.01.

“Most of the time” and “Always” are positive responses.

“Strongly Disagree” and “Disagree” are positive responses.

“Agree” and “Strongly Agree” are positive responses.

From: The AHRQ Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture: A Tool to Plan and Evaluate Patient Safety Programs

Cover of Advances in Patient Safety: New Directions and Alternative Approaches (Vol. 2: Culture and Redesign)
Advances in Patient Safety: New Directions and Alternative Approaches (Vol. 2: Culture and Redesign).
Henriksen K, Battles JB, Keyes MA, et al., editors.

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