• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.

Whitlock EP, O'Connor EA, Williams SB, et al. Effectiveness of Weight Management Programs in Children and Adolescents. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US); 2008 Sep. (Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 170.)

Cover of Effectiveness of Weight Management Programs in Children and Adolescents

Effectiveness of Weight Management Programs in Children and Adolescents.

Show details

Appendix J. Behavior Trials Sorted

Table 1Behavioral intervention trials, sorted by the presence of organized physical activity

Study ReferenceAge Range (Mean)
N
Treatment HoursPAFamAge GrpBeh Mod
Braet et al 2003110–17 (13)
n=76
3,52010A1
Graf et al 2006 2,36–11 (8.4)
n=276
175.512C1
Savoye et al 200748–16 (12.1)
n=174
97.512B1
Reinehr et al 200656–14 (10.4)
n=240
7612B1
Carrel et al 2005612–13 (12.5)
n=53
67.510A0
Kalavainen 200776–9 (8.1)
n=70
4512C1
Johnston 2007a810–14 (12.5)
n=71
41.511A1
Johnston 2007b910–14 (12.4)
n=60
41.511A1
Nemet et al 200510Avg age 11.1
n=54
35.7512C1
Mellin et al19871112–18 (15.6)
n=66
2411A1
Golley 2007126–9 (8.2)
n=111
2212C1
Flodmark et al, 19931310–11 (Avg NR)
n=93
2402C0
Rooney 2005145–12 (9.7)
n=98
2102C0
Celio/Doyle et al 20071512–18 (14.5)
n=43
1600A1
Senediak et al 1985166–12 (10.3)
n=45
1202C1
Gillis 2007177–16 (10.6)
n=27
801B0
McCallum et al, 200718,195–9 (7.4)
n=163
402C1
Saelens et al 20022012–16 (14.2)
n=44
3.800A1

Note: Grayed interventions did not show statistically significant weight benefits compared with controls.

PA=Physical Activity (1=included organized PA sessions, 0=no organized PA session)

Fam=Family Involvement (2=parent a primary participant, 1=parent invited to 1–3 treatment sessions, 0=minimal parental involvement)

Age Grp=Age Group (A=adolescent, exclusively aged 10 and older; B=age spans younger children and adolescents; C=exclusively aged 12 and younger)

Beh Mod=Behavior Modification (1=Behavior modification employed, 0=not employed)

Table 2Behavioral intervention trials, sorted by family involvement, within age group

Study ReferenceAge Range (Mean)
N
Treatment HoursPAFamAge GrpBeh Mod
Johnston 2007a810–14 (12.5)
n=71
41.511A1
Johnston 2007b910–14 (12.4)
n=60
41.511A1
Mellin et al19871112–18 (15.6)
n=66
2411A1
Braet et al 2003110–17 (13)
n=76
3,52010A1
Carrel et al 2005612–13 (12.5)
n=53
67.510A0
Celio/Doyle et al 20071512–18 (14.5)
n=43
1600A1
Saelens et al 20022012–16 (14.2)
n=44
3.800A1
Savoye et al 200748–16 (12.1)
n=174
97.512B1
Reinehr et al 200656–14 (10.4)
n=240
7612B1
Gillis 2007177–16 (10.6)
n=27
801B0
Graf et al 20062,36–11 (8.4)
n=276
175.512C1
Kalavainen 200776–9 (8.1)
n=70
4512C1
Nemet et al 200510Avg age 11.1
n=54
35.7512C1
Golley 2007126–9 (8.2)
n=111
2212C1
Flodmark et al, 19931310–11 (Avg NR)
n=93
2402C0
Rooney 2005145–12 (9.7)
n=98
2102C0
Senediak et al 1985166–12 (10.3)
n=45
1202C1
McCallum et al, 200718,195–9 (7.4)
n=163
402C1

Note: Grayed interventions did not show statistically significant weight benefits compared with controls.

PA=Physical Activity (1=included organized PA sessions, 0=no organized PA session)

Fam=Family Involvement (2=parent a primary participant, 1=parent invited to 1–3 treatment sessions, 0=minimal parental involvement)

Age Grp=Age Group (A=adolescent, exclusively aged 10 and older; B=age spans younger children and adolescents; C=exclusively aged 12 and younger)

Beh Mod=Behavior Modification (1=Behavior modification employed, 0=not employed)

Table 3Behavioral intervention trials, sorted by the presence of behavioral management techniques

Study ReferenceAge Range (Mean)
N
Treatment HoursPAFamAge GrpBeh Mod
Braet et al 2003110–17 (13)
n=76
3,52010A1
Graf et al 20062,36–11 (8.4)
n=276
175.512C1
Savoye et al 200748–16 (12.1)
n=174
97.512B1
Reinehr et al 200656–14 (10.4)
n=240
7612B1
Kalavainen 200776–9 (8.1)
n=70
4512C1
Johnston 2007a810–14 (12.5)
n=71
41.511A1
Johnston 2007b910–14 (12.4)
n=60
41.511A1
Nemet et al 200510Avg age 11.1
n=54
35.7512C1
Mellin et al19871112–18 (15.6)
n=66
2411A1
Golley 2007126–9 (8.2)
n=111
2212C1
Celio/Doyle et al 20071512–18 (14.5)
n=43
1600A1
Senediak et al 1985166–12 (10.3)
n=45
1202C1
McCallum et al, 200718,195–9 (7.4)
n=163
402C1
Saelens et al 20022012–16 (14.2)
n=44
3.800A1
Carrel et al 2005612–13 (12.5)
n=53
67.510A0
Flodmark et al, 19931310–11 (Avg NR)
n=93
2402C0
Rooney 2005145–12 (9.7)
n=98
2102C0
Gillis 2007217–16 (10.6)
n=27
801B0

Note: Grayed interventions did not show statistically significant weight benefits compared with controls.

PA=Physical Activity (1=included organized PA sessions, 0=no organized PA session)

Fam=Family Involvement (2=parent a primary participant, 1=parent invited to 1–3 treatment sessions, 0=minimal parental involvement)

Age Grp=Age Group (A=adolescent, exclusively aged 10 and older; B=age spans younger children and adolescents; C=exclusively aged 12 and younger)

Beh Mod=Behavior Modification (1=Behavior modification employed, 0=not employed)

References

1.
Braet C, Tanghe A, Bode PD, Franckx H, Winckel MV. Inpatient treatment of obese children: A multicomponent programme without stringent calorie restriction. Eur J Pediatr. 2003;162:391–396. [PubMed: 12756560]
2.
Graf C, Rost SV, Koch B. et al. Data from the StEP TWO programme showing the effect on blood pressure and different parameters for obesity in overweight and obese primary school children. Cardiol Young. 2005;15:291–298. [PubMed: 15865832]
3.
Graf C, Koch B, Bjarnason-Wehrens B. et al. Who benefits from intervention in, as opposed to screening of, overweight and obese children? Cardiology in the Young. 2006;16(5):474–80. [PubMed: 16984699]
4.
Savoye M, Shaw M, Dziura J. et al. Effects of a weight management program on body composition and metabolic parameters in overweight children: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2007;297(24):2697–704. [PubMed: 17595270]
5.
Reinehr T, de SG, Toschke AM, Andler W. Long-term follow-up of cardiovascular disease risk factors in children after an obesity intervention. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2006;84(3):490–6. [PubMed: 16960161]
6.
Carrel AL, Clark RR, Peterson SE, Nemeth BA, Sullivan J, Allen DB. Improvement of fitness, body composition, and insulin sensitivity in overweight children in a school-based exercise program: Arandomized, controlled study. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 2005;159:963–968. [PubMed: 16203942]
7.
Kalavainen MP, Korppi MO, Nuutinen OM. Clinical efficacy of group-based treatment for childhood obesity compared with routinely given individual counseling. Int J Obes (Lond). 2007;31:1500–1508. [PubMed: 17438555]
8.
Johnston CA, Tyler C, Fullerton G. et al. Results of an intensive school-based weight loss program with overweight Mexican American children. Int J Pediatr Obes. 2007;2:144–152. [PubMed: 17999280]
9.
Johnston CA, Tyler C, McFarlin B. et al. Weight Loss in Overweight Mexican American Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007;120:e1450–e1457. [PubMed: 18055663]
10.
Nemet D, Barkan S, Epstein Y, Friedland O, Kowen G, Eliakim A. Short- and long-term beneficial effects of a combined dietary-behavioral-physical activity intervention for the treatment of childhood obesity. Pediatrics. 2005;115(4):e443–9. [PubMed: 15805347]
11.
Mellin LM, Slinkard LA, Irwin CE Jr. Adolescent obesity intervention: validation of the SHAPEDOWN program 3987. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 1987;87:333–338. [PubMed: 3819254]
12.
Golley RK, Magarey AM, Baur LA, Steinbeck KS, Daniels LA. Twelve-month effectiveness of a parent-led, family-focused weight-management program for prepubertal children: A randomized, controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007;119:517–525. [PubMed: 17332205]
13.
Flodmark CE, Ohlsson T, Ryden O, Sveger T. Prevention of progression to severe obesity in a group of obese schoolchildren treated with family therapy. Am J Clin Nutr. 1993;91:880–884. [PubMed: 8474806]
14.
Rooney BL, Gritt LR, Havens SJ, Mathiason MA, Clough EA. Growing healthy families: family use of pedometers to increase physical activity and slow the rate of obesity. WMJ. 2005;104(5):54–60. [PubMed: 16138517]
15.
Celio AA. Early intervention of eating- and weight-related problems via the internet in overweight adolescents: A randomized controlled trial. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering. 2005;66(4-B):2299.
16.
Senediak C, Spence SH. Rapid versus gradual scheduling of therapeutic contact in a family based behavioural weight control programme for children. Behavioural Psychotherapy. 1985 Oct;Vol 13(4):287.
17.
Gillis D, Brauner M, Granot E. A community-based behavior modification intervention for childhood obesity. Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology. 2007;197–203, 2007. [PubMed: 17396436]
18.
McCallum Z, Wake M, Gerner B. et al. Can Australian general practitioners tackle childhood overweight/obesity? Methods and processes from the LEAP (Live, Eat and Play) randomized controlled trial. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health. 2005 Oct;41(910):488–94. [PubMed: 16150065]
19.
McCallum Z, Wake M, Gerner B. et al. Outcome data from the LEAP (Live, Eat and Play) trial: A randomized controlled trial of a primary care intervention for childhood overweight/mild obesity. Int J Obes. 2007;31:630–636. [PubMed: 17160087]
20.
Saelens BE, Sallis JF, Wilfley DE, Patrick K, Cella JA, Buchta R. Behavioral weight control for overweight adolescents initiated in primary care. Obesity Research. 2002;10:22–32. [PubMed: 11786598]
21.
Bryant MJ, Lucove JC, Evenson KR, Marshall S. Measurement of television viewing in children and adolescents: a systematic review. Obesity Reviews. 2007;8(3):197–209. [PubMed: 17444962]
PubReader format: click here to try

Views

  • PubReader
  • Print View
  • Cite this Page

Related information

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...