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Table 15Patient outcomes rates (%) corresponding to an increase by 1 hour in RN hours/patient day (pooled analysis reported by the authors and estimated RN hours/patient day)

OutcomesStudiesDifference in Outcome Rate, %Standard Errorp Value for the AssociationConsistency
ICUs
Failure to rescue1-0.460.160.013
CPR4-0.100.010.001No
Falls4-0.060.010.001Yes
Urinary tract infection11.551.120.397Yes
Hospital acquired pneumonia3-0.460.250.210Yes
Nosocomial infection70.010.180.964Yes
Sepsis7-0.100.070.168Yes
Pressure ulcers4-0.190.480.760Yes
Pulmonary failure3-1.430.230.003Yes
Unplanned extubation3-0.920.070.000No
Surgical patients
Failure to rescue4-0.730.770.353No
CPR5-0.100.010.001No
Urinary tract infection73.221.470.039No
Hospital acquired pneumonia61.150.700.114No
Nosocomial infection30.600.08<.0001Yes
Sepsis70.730.450.120No
Surgical wound infection20.100.160.528No
Pressure ulcers4-0.041.020.966No
Gastrointestinal bleeding20.530.480.303No
Shock20.430.400.312No
Pulmonary failure71.140.630.081No
Unplanned extubation3-0.920.070.000No
Thrombosis40.200.150.203No
Medical patients
Failure to rescue30.050.100.612No
CPR30.440.03<.0001No
Falls110.330.05<.0001Yes
Urinary tract infection91.610.34<.0001No
Hospital acquired pneumonia60.660.170.000No
Nosocomial infection70.040.050.461No
Sepsis6-0.220.090.023Yes
Pressure ulcers12-1.060.320.002No
Gastrointestinal bleeding20.180.230.458No
Shock20.050.160.746No
Pulmonary failure20.010.010.280Yes
Thrombosis30.010.010.105No

From: 3, Results

Cover of Nurse Staffing and Quality of Patient Care
Nurse Staffing and Quality of Patient Care.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 151.
Kane RL, Shamliyan T, Mueller C, et al.

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