Figure 2. Relationship between under-five mortality reduction and background parasite prevalence (% of children less than five years of age) in African insecticide-treated net trials.

Figure 2

Relationship between under-five mortality reduction and background parasite prevalence (% of children less than five years of age) in African insecticide-treated net trials.36, 37 (a) Deaths averted per 1000 under-fives per year. (b) Proportional reduction in under-five mortality rate. Error bars represent the 95% confidence intervals around impact estimates. The dashed line in (b) represents the correlation between proportional mortality reduction and parasite prevalence (R2= 0.70, P= 0.075); for deaths averted, no relationship was found with parasite prevalence (R2= 0.49, P= 0.19). Parasite prevalences were estimated from Snow and others,38 Blinka and others,51 Greenwood and others,74 Bloland and others,99 and Habluetzel and others.101

From: Pediatric Mortality in Africa: Plasmodium falciparum Malaria as a Cause or Risk?

Cover of The Intolerable Burden of Malaria II: What's New, What's Needed
The Intolerable Burden of Malaria II: What's New, What's Needed: Supplement to Volume 71(2) of the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
Breman JG, Alilio MS, Mills A, editors.
Copyright © 2004, American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

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