Table 1All illness studies: overview of direct cost burdens*

Country Direct costs as a % of household (hh) income (mean) Sample size (hhs)
Paraguay24 2.5
Guatemala24 16.0
Burkina Faso24 4.4
Burkina Faso17 (rural) 3.7 566
Sierra Leone10 (rural) 6.9 1,156
Uganda7 (rural) 9.3/11.0 400
Nigeria25 (rural) 7.0 2,040
South Africa24 4.9
Sri Lanka14 (urban) 6.5 323
Thailand24 3.4
Thailand26 (urban) 2.6 320
Vietnam27 (rural) 7.1 1,024
*

Source: adapted from McIntyre and Thiede.22 The studies from Makinen and others24 only include medical expenses and not transport, etc. Most cost burdens are expressed as mean annual spending as a % of mean annual income. In Uganda and Sri Lanka, cost burdens are mean monthly spending as a % of mean monthly income.

From: The Economic Burden of Illness for Households in Developing Countries: A Review of Studies Focusing on Malaria, Tuberculosis, and Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Cover of The Intolerable Burden of Malaria II: What's New, What's Needed
The Intolerable Burden of Malaria II: What's New, What's Needed: Supplement to Volume 71(2) of the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
Breman JG, Alilio MS, Mills A, editors.
Copyright © 2004, American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

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