TABLE 1-1Number of US S&E PhDs Awarded by Selected Country of Citizenship, 1966, 1976, 1986, 1996, and 2003a

1966 % of Total% of Temporary Residents 1976 % of Total% of Temporary Residents 1986 % of Total% of Temporary Residents 1996 % of Total% of Temporary Residents 2003 % of Total% of Temporary Residents
China 84 0.75.2 20 0.10.7 223 1.25.3 3074 11.338.8 2559 10.230.9
India 338 3.020.8 532 2.919.3 524 2.812.6 1324 4.916.7 801 3.29.7
S. Korea 73 0.64.5 147 0.85.3 417 2.210.0 987 3.612.4 972 3.911.7
Taiwan 168 1.510.3 544 3.019.8 809 4.419.4 1198 4.415.1 478 1.95.8
Japan 51 0.43.1 91 0.53.3 113 0.62.7 153 0.61.9 187 0.72.3
Pakistan 42 0.42.6 29 0.21.1 65 0.41.6 92 0.31.2 34 0.10.4
Total: Asia 6 756 6.746.5 1363 7.549.6 2151 11.651.5 6828 25.086.1 5031 20.060.8
Germany (*) 28 0.21.7 36 0.21.3 63 0.31.5 171 0.62.2 196 0.82.4
United Kingdom (#) 83 0.75.1 123 0.74.5 84 0.52.0 116 0.41.5 114 0.51.4
Italy 7 0.10.4 24 0.10.9 48 0.31.1 75 0.30.9 111 0.41.3
France 9 0.10.6 35 0.21.3 38 0.20.9 70 0.30.9 89 0.41.1
Israel 60 0.53.7 80 0.42.9 92 0.52.2 80 0.31.0 55 0.20.7
Ireland 3 0.00.2 7 0.00.3 16 0.10.4 29 0.10.4 26 0.10.3
Total: Europe 6 159 1.49.8 262 1.49.5 262 1.46.3 341 1.34.3 591 2.47.1
Total PhDs Awarded 11334 18250 18450 27275 25121
Total PhDs Awarded to Temporary Residents 1627 14.3 2750 15.1 4174 22.5 7929 29.1 8276 32.9
a

Data from National Science Foundation. 2004. Survey of Earned Doctorates 2002. Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation. (*) Germany includes East Germany, West Germany, and East and West Berlin. (#) UK includes Wales, Great Britain, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and England.

From: 1, International Science and Engineering Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars in the United States

Cover of Policy Implications of International Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars in the United States
Policy Implications of International Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars in the United States.
National Research Council (US) Committee on Policy Implications of International Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars in the United States.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2005.
Copyright © 2005, National Academy of Sciences.

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