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National Research Council (US) Chemical Sciences Roundtable. Reducing the Time from Basic Research to Innovation in the Chemical Sciences: A Workshop Report to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2003.

Cover of Reducing the Time from Basic Research to Innovation in the Chemical Sciences

Reducing the Time from Basic Research to Innovation in the Chemical Sciences: A Workshop Report to the Chemical Sciences Roundtable.

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BBiographical Sketches of Workshop Speakers

Allen Clamen (now retired) was senior advisor for marketing/technology value creation at ExxonMobil Chemical Company in Houston, Texas. He was responsible for developing effective and efficient processes for idea management, portfolio management, and stage gating of new product development projects. The latter process has been used successfully for managing the translation of ideas from conception to commercial reality for over 10 years. Since 1998 this management system has been enhanced by the incorporation of a portfolio management process allowing businesses to evaluate multiple opportunities on a consistent, objective basis.

Starting with Exxon Research and Engineering Company (Linden, NJ) in 1966 after graduating with a Ph.D. in chemical engineering from McGill University, Clamen occupied several positions before transferring to Exxon Chemical in 1976, where he served as halobutyl operations manager (Baton Rouge, LA), butyl manufacturing manager (Baytown, TX), and polymers advanced development manager (Baytown, TX). In 1986 he returned to Linden, NJ, as butyl polymers technology manager and polymers site manager before returning to Baytown, TX, in 1994 to assume the position of technology processes manager. For the past 4 years he has led teams to create value via improved marketing and technology processes.

Lawrence H. Dubois received his B.S. degree in chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1976 and a Ph.D. in physical chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1980. Dubois then joined AT&T Bell Laboratories in Murray Hill, NJ, to pursue studies of the chemistry and physics of metal, semiconductor, and insulator surfaces; chemisorption and catalysis by materials formed at the metal-semiconductor interface; and novel methods of materials growth and preparation.

In 1987 he was promoted to distinguished member of the technical staff and technical manager. His efforts broadened to include projects on polymer-surface interactions; adhesion promotion; corrosion protection; chemical vapor deposition and thin film growth; optical fiber coating; synthesis, structure, and reactivity of model organic surfaces; and time-resolved surface vibrational spectroscopy.

In 1993, Dubois moved to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Lincoln Laboratory as a senior staff scientist and was assigned to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). In that capacity, he established the Advanced Energy and Environmental Technologies Program and managed projects on the development and manufacturing of rechargeable batteries; high-performance, direct methanol, and logistic fuel-powered fuel cells; and the development of new, more environmentally sound manufacturing processes, environmental sensors, and waste destruction/reclamation procedures.

In 1995, Dubois was promoted to deputy director and in 1996 to director of the Defense Sciences Office at DARPA. This office is responsible for an annual investment of approximately $300 million toward the development of technologies for biological warfare defense, biology, defense applications of advanced mathematics, and materials and devices for new military capabilities.

In March 2000, Dubois joined SRI International as vice president and head of the Physical Sciences Division, a group of over 150 scientists and engineers focusing on the development and commercialization of advanced materials, microfabrication technologies, power sources, biological warfare defense, medical diagnostics, molecular and optical physics, explosives and propellants, catalysts, coatings, and environmentally benign processing.

Dubois is the author of over 130 publications and holds four U.S. and several foreign patents. His numerous honors include the prestigious IR100 and Alpha Chi Sigma awards as well as the Office of the Secretary of Defense Award for Outstanding Achievement and the Secretary of Defense Medal for Outstanding Public Service. He sits on the Board of Directors of two spin-off companies from SRI: Polyfuel and CYANCE.

Mary L. Good is the Donaghey University Professor at the University of Arkansas, Little Rock, and serves as the managing member for Venture Capital Investors, LLC, a group of Arkansas business leaders who expect to foster economic growth in the area through the opportunistic support of technology-based enterprises. Good also presently serves on the Board of Biogen, a successful biotech company in Cambridge, Massachusetts; IDEXX Laboratories of Westbrook, Maine; and the Lockheed Martin Energy Research Corporation Board of Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Previously Good served 4 years as the under secretary for technology for the Technology Administration in the Department of Commerce, a presidentially appointed, Senate-confirmed position.

The Technology Administration is the focal point in the federal government for assisting U.S. Industry to improve its productivity, technology, and innovation in order to compete more effectively in global markets. In particular, the administration works with industry to eliminate legislative and regulatory barriers to technology commercialization and to encourage adoption of modern technology management practices. The Technology Administration is comprised of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the National Technical Information Service, the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Technology Policy, and the Office of Air and Space Commercialization.

In addition to her role as under secretary for technology, Good chaired the National Science and Technology Council's Committee on Technological Innovation, and served on the Council's Committee on National Security.

Before joining the administration, Good was senior vice-president of technology at Allied Signal, Inc., where she was responsible for the centralized research and technology organizations with facilities in Morristown, NJ; Buffalo, NY; and Des Plaines, IL. She was a member of the Management Committee and was responsible for technology transfer and commercialization support for new technologies. This position followed assignments as president of Allied Signal's Engineered Materials Research Center, director of the UOP Research Center, and president of the Signal Research Center. Good's accomplishments in industrial research management are the achievements of a second career, having moved to an industrial position after more than 25 years of teaching and research in the Louisiana State University system. Before joining Allied Signal, she was professor of chemistry at the University of New Orleans and professor of materials science at Louisiana State University, where she achieved the university's highest professional rank, Boyd Professor.

Good was appointed to the National Science Board by President Carter in 1980 and again by President Reagan in 1986. She was chairman of that board from 1988 until 1991, when she received an appointment from President Bush to become a member of the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST). Good also served on the boards of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Cincinnati Milacron, and Ameritech. She was also a member of the National Advisory Board for the State of Arkansas.

Good is an elected member of the National Academy of Engineering, a past president of the American Chemical Society, a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and a member of the American Institute of Chemists and the Royal Society of Chemistry. She has been active on the boards of directors of such groups as the Industrial Research Institute, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, and the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research. She has also served on advisory panels for the National Research Council, the National Bureau of Standards, the National Science Foundation Chemistry Section, the National Institutes of Health, and NASA, and on the executive committee for the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry.

Good received the National Science Foundation's Distinguished Public Service Award, the Albert Fox Demers Medal Award from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, the American Association for the Advancement of Science Award, and the American Institute of Chemists' Gold Medal and was chosen Scientist of the Year by Industrial Research and Development magazine. She was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences in 1990, became a member of the Tau Beta Pi Association (the Engineering Honor Society), was awarded the Charles Lathrop Parsons Award of the American Chemical Society, and received the Industrial Research Institute Medalist Award. In 1997 she received the Priestly Medal from the American Chemical Society, the highest award given by the society. She has published over 100 articles in reference journals and is the author of a book, Integrated Laboratory Sequence, published by Barnes and Noble.

Good received her B.S. in chemistry from the University of Central Arkansas and her M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in inorganic chemistry from the University of Arkansas. She also received numerous awards and honorary degrees from many colleges and universities, including most recently the College of William and Mary, Polytechnic University of New York, Louisiana State University, and Michigan State University.

Richard M. Gross is corporate vice president of research and development for the Dow Chemical Company. In this capacity he serves on Dow's Corporate Operating Board, Human Resources Committee, Retirement Board, and Corporate Contributions Committee.

Until March 1998 Gross was vice president and director of the Michigan operations and global vice president of Core Technologies R&D. Gross joined Dow in 1974 in the hydrocarbons and energy research area of the Michigan division R&D. In 1979 he transferred to the Louisiana division, where he spent several years in coal gasification research before returning to Midland. Gross was technical director for Consumer Products Research in Dow's Michigan Applied Science and Technology Laboratories. He was also director of R&D and Technical Services and Development for Chemicals and Metals. In 1992 he was named R&D director for North American Chemicals and Metals/ Hydrocarbons R&D.

Gross was a 1996 recipient of the Dow Genesis Award for Excellence in People Development. He is a member of the American Chemical Society, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, the Industrial Research Institute, and the Council for Chemical Research, where he serves on the Governing Board's Executive Committee and recently was elected to the office of first vice chair, the Chemical Engineering Advisory Board at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, the Advisory Board of the National Science Resources Center, the Advisory Board for the College of Chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley, the National Research Council's Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology and the Michigan Molecular Institute Board.

James R. Heath received a B.Sc. degree in chemistry from Baylor University in 1984 and a Ph.D. degree in chemistry from Rice University in 1988, where he studied in the group of Richard E. Smalley. Heath was a Miller postdoctoral fellow at UC Berkeley from 1988 to 1991, where he worked in the laboratory of Richard J. Saykally. He was a research staff member at the IBM T. J. Watson Research Laboratories in Yorktown Heights, New York, from 1991 to 1994. In 1994 he left IBM to join the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at UCLA. He was promoted to tenure in 1996 and to full professor in 1997. He is currently the director of the California NanoSystems Institute, which was formed by California Governor Grey Davis in December 2000. Heath was a David and Lucile Packard Fellow (1994 to 1999) and an Alfred P. Sloan Fellow (1997). He is a fellow of the American Physical Society and has received the Jules Springer Award in Applied Physics (2000), the Feynman Prize (2000), and the Sackler Prize in the Physical Sciences (2001). Heath's research interests focus on “artificial” quantum dot solids and quantum phase transitions in those solids; molecular electronics architecture, devices, and circuitry; and the spectroscopy and imaging of transmembrane proteins in physiological environments.

Richard K. Koehn, the author of more than 100 papers and co-editor of The Evolution of Genes and Proteins, was professor of ecology and evolution at the State University of New York at Stony Brook (1970 to 1992) where he was also dean of biological sciences (1978 to 1988) and director of the Center for Advanced Biomedical Biotechnology for New York State (1983 to 1992). Koehn was vice president for research at the University of Utah from 1992 to August 2000. He is currently president and CEO of Salus Therapeutics, Inc., an emerging biotechnology company in Salt Lake City, Utah.

Koehn has been a member of the boards of directors of several organizations, including the Council on Biotechnology, the Association of Biotechnology Companies, the Long Island Forum for Technology, the Long Island High Technology Incubator Management Corporation, the New York Biotechnology Association, the Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research, the Organization of Tropical Studies, the Advisory Council to the Vice-Chair of the New York Legislative Commission on Science and Technology, and the Commission on Biomedical Research of the New York Academy of Medicine. In Utah he served 8 years on the Governor's Council on Science and Technology and as president of the University of Utah Research Foundation, Inc. He is past chair of the board of trustees of the Association of Western Universities, a member of the executive committee of the Council on Research Policy and Graduate Education of NASULGC, and a director of the Utah Life Sciences Industry Association. He is currently a member of the Investment Advisory Board of Utah Ventures II and a director of the Alberta Henry Educational Foundation and Ballet West.

Koehn has lectured on evolutionary genetics, biotechnology policy, entrepreneurial universities, and the responsible conduct of scientific research in more than 20 countries. He has been a Guggenheim fellow, a NATO senior science fellow, and the recipient of a number of awards for leadership in the New York biotechnology industry. In 1991 he was recipient of the Entrepreneur of the Year Award from Ernst & Young/Merrill Lynch/ Inc. Magazine. In 1997 he was awarded a gold Aurora for the production of Learning Through Discovery, a local public television series on student involvement in research. In 2001 he was recognized as a distinguished alumnus by the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences of Arizona State University.

Kenneth A. Pickar earned a Ph.D. degree in low-temperature physics at the University of Pennsylvania. He joined Bell Laboratories in Murray Hill, NJ, where he worked in the areas of ion implantation and electron beam technology. He has 50 publications and talks on these subjects, including a review of beam processing, written while on a sabbatical year at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology. At GE Corporate R&D he was responsible for all electronics research from semiconductor materials through large medical imaging systems, lighting, radar, etc. At AlliedSignal Corporation he was senior vice president for engineering and technology and chairman of the Corporate Technology Board. His responsibilities in aerospace technologies included jet engines, aircraft braking, collision avoidance, managing NASA ground stations, and the like. He was the “champion” for the Aerospace Product Development Process, leading the development of “faster, better, cheaper” ways of developing new products. In 1998 he became visiting professor of mechanical engineering at Caltech, where he teaches courses on the engineering design of products and the management of technology. In 1999 he was named the J. Stanley Johnson Professor at Caltech. He is co-principal investigator of the National Science Foundation-funded Entrepreneurial Fellowship Program. Pickar has served on a number of university advisory committees, including Stanford, Berkeley, Cornell, and Illinois and the Technical Advisory Committee of the Council on Competitiveness. He was vice chairman of the Microelectronics and Computer Consortium, on the Board of Directors of the Semiconductor Research Corporation, and a director of the Albany Medical Center, Level One Corporation, and NeuStar Corporation.

Elsa Reichmanis, director of materials research department at Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies in Murray Hill, NJ, is president of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society. Her presidency began January 1, 2003.

Only the fourth woman to be elected president in the society's 125-year history, Reichmanis pledges to work with sister societies to increase the visibility of science and technology to government leaders. “Our elected officials must understand the importance of the chemical workforce's contributions to the health and welfare of our nation,” she says. “Today's fundamental research efforts are the building blocks for tomorrow's breakthroughs and innovations.”

An ACS member since 1973, Reichmanis is also a member of the American Physical Society, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Materials Research Society, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Society of Women Engineers. She recently chaired the ACS Committee on Science and is an associate editor of the ACS journal Chemistry of Materials. She serves on the U.S. National Committee for the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry and the National Research Council Panel for Materials and Science Engineering.

Among Reichmanis's many honors is the Society of Chemical Industry's 2001 Perkin Medal for her pioneering contributions to designing materials that allow silicon chips to continue shrinking in size while also improving in performance. She has authored more than 120 journal articles, edited five books, and organized and chaired numerous national and international symposia. She holds 17 U.S. patents. Reichmanis earned her B.S. (1972) and Ph.D. (1975) at Syracuse University. She resides in Westfield, NJ.

Michael Schrage is co-director of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Media Lab's eMarkets Initiative and a senior advisor to the MIT Security Studies Program. His research focuses on the role of models, prototypes, and simulations as essential media for managing innovation and risk. His book, Serious Play (Harvard Business School Press, 2000), explores the economics and ethology of modeling within organizations.

In addition, he is executive director of the Merrill Lynch Innovation Grants Competition, which rewards doctoral students who present novel approaches to commercializing their thesis research. He serves on Ticketmaster's Board of Directors and on the editorial board of the Sloan Management Review. He is a consultant to such companies as British Petroleum, MasterCard, Millennium Pharmaceutical, and Bosch. He currently writes a column on innovation issues for Technology Review and on implementation issues for CIO magazine. Schrage has also been a contributor to the Harvard Business Review, the Washington Post, the Wall Street Journal, and Wired magazine.

Venkat Venkatasubramanian is university faculty scholar professor of chemical engineering at Purdue University. He received his Ph.D. in chemical engineering from Cornell University in 1984, his M.S. in physics from Vanderbilt University in 1979, and his B.Tech. in chemical engineering from the University of Madras, India, in 1977. Venkat worked as a research associate in artificial intelligence in the Department of Computer Science at Carnegie-Mellon University and taught at Columbia University before joining Purdue in 1988. At Purdue, Venkat directs the research efforts of several graduate students and co-workers in the Laboratory for Intelligent Process Systems. Venkatasubramanian's research contributions have been in the areas of process fault diagnosis and supervisory control, hazard and safety analysis, operating procedures synthesis for batch processes, product formulation and design, complex adaptive systems, using knowledge-based systems, neural networks, genetic algorithms, mathematical programming, and statistical approaches. His teaching interests include courses in artificial intelligence, process design and control, statistical thermodynamics, and applied statistics.

Venkatasubramanian has published over 110 refereed papers and has delivered over 100 invited lectures and seminars, including six keynote lectures, at various international conferences and institutions all over the world. He has authored a three-volume CACHE case study, Knowledge-Based Systems for Heuristic Classification Problems in Process Engineering, and has co-authored a monograph, Advanced Knowledge Representation. Venkat has chaired or co-chaired over 30 international meetings, conferences, and sessions in the areas of artificial intelligence applications in process engineering. Fourteen doctoral and five master's students have graduated under Venkat's supervision. Venkat has been a consultant to several major global corporations and institutions such as Air Products, ALCOA, American Cynamid, Arthur D. Little, Amoco, Caterpillar, DowAgro Sciences, Exxon, Honeywell, Lubrizol, the United Nations (UNIDO and UNDP), Indian Oil, ICI (U.K.), Nova Chemicals, and G.D. Searle.

Venkatasubramanian's contributions have been recognized by several awards and honors. He was the 1990 recipient of the Eminent Overseas Lectureship Award from the Institution of Engineers in Australia. He was a guest co-editor of the special issue of Computers and Chemical Engineering on Neural Networks in 1992. In 1993 he was awarded the United Nations Development Program Invited Lectureship at the Indian Institute of Technology in Delhi, India. He received the Norris Shreve Award for Outstanding Teaching in Chemical Engineering in 1993. He is an academic trustee and vice president of the Computer Aids for Chemical Engineering Corporation, a nonprofit organization for the promotion of computers in chemical engineering education. He also served on the editorial board of the Process Safety Progress journal published by the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. He currently serves on the editorial board of Computers and Chemical Engineering. His recent paper on fault diagnosis was awarded the CAST Directors' Award for the Best Poster Presentation at the AIChE annual meeting in Los Angeles in 2000. In 1996, based on Venkatasubramanian's research contributions, Industry Week magazine selected him as “one of the fifty R&D stars in the United States whose achievements are shaping the future of our industrial culture and America's technology policy.”

Francis A. Via joined Fairfield Resources International as a senior consultant after more than 30 years managing industrial R&D, intellectual property, and market development at Stauffer Chemical Company, Akzo Nobel, Inc., and GE. He achieved more than a dozen commercial successes, yielding hundreds of millions of dollars in new markets or savings in specialty chemicals, catalysts, agricultural chemicals, pharmaceutical intermediates, and polymers.

Via began his career with Stauffer Chemical Company in 1970 and, with its acquisition by Akzo Nobel in 1987, became part of the R&D leadership team. He directed Akzo Nobel's Corporate Research-US to capture emerging technology in catalysis, advanced materials, electronic chemicals, immuno-diagnostics, and biochemistry. Utilizing external cooperative research programs at universities and national laboratories served as the keystone for this corporate research. In 1998 he accepted a challenge to build and manage a catalyst research group at the GE Corporate R&D Center to develop fuel cells, carbonylation catalysis, combinatorial chemistry for catalysis, process technology, and medical imaging agents.

Via is the recipient of numerous awards, including two internal GE awards for technical excellence and productivity. In 1994 he was elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is the recipient the first Department of Energy Office of Industrial Technology's Industrial Partnership Award (1999). He authored a chapter for the American Chemical Society's millennium publication Chemical Research—2000 & Beyond. In addition, he serves as a consultant or on review committees for the Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation, the National Academy of Sciences and the American Chemical Society. In 1999, Via was selected to the Chemical Industry Executive Steering Group for the DOE-OIT.

Via has 24 patents, 11 publications, and more than 25 invited presentations. He holds a B.S. degree from West Virginia University and a Ph.D. from Ohio State. He attended management training at the Wharton School, Polytechnic U, and other programs. He is an active member of the Council for Chemical Research, served on its Board of Directors from 1995 to 1997 and chaired the Science Education Committee from 1993 to 1995. He chaired the External Research Director's Network from 1995 to 1997 for the Industrial Research Committee.

Copyright © 2003, National Academy of Sciences.
Bookshelf ID: NBK36338
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