This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s (NRC’s) Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report:

Haywood Brown, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC

Cutberto Garza, Boston College, MA

Susan Gennaro, William F. Connell School of Nursing, Boston College, MA

William Goodnight, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, University of North Carolina–Chapel Hill School of Medicine

Erica P. Gunderson, Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, CA

Maxine Hayes, Department of Health, State of Washington, Tumwater

Lorraine V. Klerman, The Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA

Kristine G. Koski, School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University, Ste. Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, Canada

Charles Lockwood, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT

Dawn Misra, Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Department of Family Medicine and Public Health Sciences, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI

Jose M. Ordovas, Nutrition and Genomics Laboratory, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Tufts University, Boston, MA

Roy M. Pitkin, University of California–Los Angeles (Professor Emeritus)

David Rush, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy (Professor Emeritus), Tufts University, Boston, MA

Jeanette South-Paul, Department of Family Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, PA

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Neal A. Vanselow, Tulane University, Professor Emeritus and Nancy E. Adler, Departments of Psychiatry and Pediatrics and Center for Health and Community, University of California–San Francisco.

Appointed by the NRC and Institute of Medicine, they were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authoring committee and the institution.