TABLE 4-1Effect of Chronological Maternal Age on GWG

ReferenceAge (yrs)Racial/Ethnic GroupNumber in SampleWeight Gain (kg)Coefficient of Variation, %
Ancri et al. (1977)12–17Caucasian (one black woman)2613.426
18–192212.431
20–242411.117
25–322610.718
Frisancho et al. (1983)12–13Latin American289.018
141049.822
152969.926
165659.725
1722910.026
18–25469.716
Horon et al. (1983)< 16Black, White42212.5NRa
20–2442212.5NR
Loris et al. (1985)13–15.9Mixed group1817.223
16–17.98417.140
18–19.92517.354
Meserole et al. (1984)13–15Mixed group2414.532
16–172517.935
Endres et al. (1985)15–18Mixed group4612.0NR
19–3019811.0NR
Muscati et al. (1988)14–17NR9016.536
18–1913515.136
20–3546113.839
Scholl et al. (1988)16.9 ± 1.3bBlack, White, Hispanic69614.739
Haiek and Lederman (1989)< 16Black Americans, Black9014.6NR
19–30Latin Americans, White Non-Latin Americans, White Latin Americans9016.9NR
Hediger et al. (1990)≤ 18Puerto Rican30413.7± 5.6b
Black50113.8± 5.7b
White51415.9± 5.7b
Stevens-Simon et al. (1993a)< 16N/A5214.9± 5.9b
16–198913.9± 6.0b
Prysak et al. (1995)25–29White or other1,05415.0± 4.9b
≥ 3589014.2± 5.4b
Gutierrez (1999)13–18Mexican American4614.5± 4.5
Nielsen et al. (2006)< 17African American77614.5± 6.9
a

NR = Not reported.

b

SOURCE: Modified from IOM, 1990.

From: 4, Determinants of Gestational Weight Gain

Cover of Weight Gain During Pregnancy
Weight Gain During Pregnancy: Reexamining the Guidelines.
Institute of Medicine (US) and National Research Council (US) Committee to Reexamine IOM Pregnancy Weight Guidelines; Rasmussen KM, Yaktine AL, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2009.
Copyright © 2009, National Academy of Sciences.

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