Evidence Table 24

Description of consumer characteristics studies addressing the impact of CHI applications on intermediate outcomes in mental health

Author, yearControl InterventionsAgeRace, n(%)IncomeEducation, n(%)SESGender, n(%)Marital Status, n(%)Other
Depression/anxiety
Proudfoot, 20041Usual careMean, 43.4 SD, 13.7Bangladeshi, 1(1)
Black Caribbean, 4(4)
Indian, 3(3)
Pakistani, 1(1)
White, 100(87)
0–10 yr, 17(14)
11–12 yr, 28(23)
13–15 yr, 30(25)
>15 yr, 46(38)
M, 32(25)
F, 96(75)
Single, 33(26)
Married, 54(43)
Cohabiting, 11(9)
Separated, 7(6)
Divorced, 15(12)
Widowed, 5(4)
Previous computer use
No, 23(18)
Yes, 103(82)
Internet therapyMean, 43.6 SD, 14.3Black African, 1(1)
Black Caribbean, 2(2)
Black other, 3(2)
White, 120(90)
<5 yr, 1(1)
11–12 yr, 34(24)
13–15 yr, 31(22)
>15 yr, 58(41)
M, 40(27)
F, 106(73)
Single, 35(25)
Married, 60(43)
Cohabiting, 16(11)
Separated, 4(3)
Divorced, 18(13)
Widowed, 8(6)
Christensen, 20042ControlMean, 36.29 SD, 9.3Mean, 14.4 SD, 2.3F, 124(70)
M, 54(30)
Married Cohabiting, 100(56)
Divorced/separated, 24(14)
Never married, 53(36)
Kessler psychological distress scale, mean, 18 SD, 5.7
Center for Epidemiologic studies depression score, mean, 21.6 SD, 11.1
Mood gymMean, 35.85 SD, 9.5Mean, 14.6 SD, 2.4F, 136(75)
M, 46(25)
Married/cohabiting, 98(54)
Divorced/separated, 26(14)
Never married, 57(31)
Kessler psychological distress scale, mean, 17.9 SD, 5
Center for Epidemiologic Studies depression scale, mean, 21.8 SD, 10.5
Blue PagesMean, 37.25 SD, 9.4Mean, 15 SD, 2.4F, 115(69)
M, 50(31)
Married/cohabiting, 100(61)
Divorced/separated, 24(15)
Never Married, 53(30)
Kessler psychological distress scale, mean, 17.5 SD, 4.9
Center for Epidemiologic Studies depression scale, mean, 21.1 SD, 10.4
Neil, 20093Use of website (open access) in community13 – 17 yrsNS5223/7207 F 72%(19) rural area (N 1396)
(66) depressed (N 4734)
Use of website (open access) in classroom597/1000 F (59.7)(19) from rural area (N 193)
(29) depressed (N 287)
Warmerdam, 20084Wait-listed controls (87)44.1NSPaid Jobs w/: 49 (58.3)Lower: 9 (10.3)
Middle: 28 (32.2)
Higher: 50 (57.5)
NR69 (79.3)
Interactive computer tool based on Cog. Beh. Theory (88)45.743 (52.4)Lower: 9 (10.2)
Middle: 26 (29.5)
Higher: 53 (60.2)
61 (69.3)
Interactive computer tool based on Prob. Sol. Theory (88)45.143 (50.6)Lower: 5 (5.7)
Middle: 18 (20.5)
Higher: 65 (73.9)
57 (64.8)
Phobia
Schneider, 20055ControlNSNSNSNSNRNS
Computer aided cognitive behavior therapy with self-help exposureNSNSNSNSNRNS
Stress
Chiauzzi, 20086A control website(CW),Range, 18–24White non-Hispanic, 48 black non-Hispanic, 12
Latino/Hispanic, 9
API,(16)
Other 7
NSYr in School(n), First, 29
Second, 18
Third, 19
Fourth, 17
NRM, 40
F, 43
MyStudent Body–Stress websiteRange, 18–24White non-Hispanic, 44
Black non-Hispanic, 13
Latino/Hispanic, 5
API, 14
Other, 7
NSYr in School(n), First, 30
Second, 16
Third, 19
Fourth, 13
NRM, 34
F, 44
NTXRange, 18–24White non-Hispanic, 50
Black non-Hispanic, 7
Latino/Hispanic, 8
API, 13
Other, 8
NSYr in school (n), First, 23
Second, 19
Third, 12
Fourth, 24
NRM, 42
F, 36
Hasson, 20057Access to web-based tool including monitoring tool for stress and health; diary connected to monitoring tool, and scientific info on stress and healthNSNSUSD <25,000, 39(22) 25,000–40,000, 106(61) >40,000, 27(16)8–12 yr, 89(51)
12–16yr, 83(48)
NRM, 112(64)
F, 62(36)
Married, 134(77)
Single, 38(22)
NSNSUSD <25,000, 24(18) 25,000–40,000, 76(59) >40,000, 27(21)8–12yr, 54(42)
12–16yr, 73(57)
NRM, 75(58)
F, 54(42)
Married, 102(79)
Single, 25(19)
Stress Management
Zetterqvist, 20038Control Group38.7 (26—60)NSWork hours per week: 36.3 (0—60)Student: 5 (12)
Work: 33 (83)
Unemployed: 2 (5)
NSM: 14/40 (35%)Civil Standing: Single: 14 (35)
Living with partner: 9 (23)
Married: 17 (43)
No. of children: Mean: 0.98 (0—4)
Self Help for stress management via internet40.0 (24—56)Mean: 29.6 (0—60)Student: 5 (22)
Work: 15 (65)
Unemployed:3 (13)
M: 10/23 (43%)Single: 8 (35)
Living with partner: 6 (26)
Married: 9 (39)

NR = Not reported, M = male, F = female, AIAN = American Indian/Alaska Native, API = American/Pacific Islander, SD = standard deviation, SES= Socioeconomic Status, USD = United States Dollar

Reference List

1

Proudfoot J, Ryden C, Everitt B et al. Clinical efficacy of computerised cognitive-behavioural therapy for anxiety and depression in primary care: randomised controlled trial. Br J Psychiatry 2004; 185:46–54.

2

Christensen H, Griffiths KM, Jorm AF. Delivering interventions for depression by using the internet: randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2004; 328(7434):265.

3

Neil AL, Batterham P, Christensen H, Bennett K, Griffiths KM. Predictors of adherence by adolescents to a cognitive behavior therapy website in school and community-based settings. J Med Internet Res 2009; 11(1):e6.

4

Warmerdam L, van Straten A, Twisk J, Riper H, Cuijpers P. Internet-based treatment for adults with depressive symptoms: randomized controlled trial. J Med Internet Res 2008; 10(4):e44.

5

Schneider AJ, Mataix-Cols D, Marks IM, Bachofen M. Internet-guided self-help with or without exposure therapy for phobic and panic disorders. Psychother Psychosom 2005; 74(3):154–64.

6

Chiauzzi E, Brevard J, Thurn C, Decembrele S, Lord S. MyStudentBody-Stress: an online stress management intervention for college students. J Health Commun 2008; 13(6):555–72.

7

Hasson D, Anderberg UM, Theorell T, Arnetz BB. Psychophysiological effects of a web-based stress management system: a prospective, randomized controlled intervention study of IT and media workers. BMC Public Health 2005; 5:78.

8

Zetterqvist K, Maanmies J, Str+¦m L, Andersson G. Randomized controlled trial of internet-based stress management. 2003; 32(3):151–60.

From: Appendix G

Cover of Impact of Consumer Health Informatics Applications
Impact of Consumer Health Informatics Applications.
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 188.
Gibbons MC, Wilson RF, Samal L, et al.

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