TABLE 4-6Health Impacts of Water- and Sanitation-Related Diseases

Mortality Estimates for 2000 (thousands)DALYs* Estimates for 2000 (thousands)
Faecal-oral
 Diarrhoeal disease1,79861,966
 Poliomyelitis1151
Water-washed
 Trachoma2329
Water-based
 Schistosomiasis151702
Water-related vector
 Malaria1,27246,486
 Lymphatic filariasis195777
 Dengue616
 Intestinal nematode infections122951
*

NOTE: DALYs or Disability-Adjusted Life Years is a indicator attempting to quantify ‘time lived with a disability’ and the ‘time lost due to premature mortality’ developed for the World Bank’s 1993 World Development Report: Investing in Health.

SOURCE: Adapted from WHO (2004).

NOTE: DALYs or Disability-Adjusted Life Years is a indicator attempting to quantify ‘time lived with a disability’ and the ‘time lost due to premature mortality’ developed for the World Bank’s 1993 World Development Report: Investing in Health.

From: 4, Addressing Risk for Waterborne Disease

Cover of Global Issues in Water, Sanitation, and Health
Global Issues in Water, Sanitation, and Health: Workshop Summary.
Institute of Medicine (US) Forum on Microbial Threats.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2009.
Copyright © 2009, National Academy of Sciences.

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