Figure 4-8. A diagram showing the appearance of CNS myelin if it were unrolled from the axon.

Figure 4-8

A diagram showing the appearance of CNS myelin if it were unrolled from the axon. One can visualize this structure arising from Figure 4-3 if the glial cell process were pulled straight up and the myelin layers separated at the intermediate period line. The whole myelin internode forms a spade-shaped sheet surrounded by a continuous tube of oligodendroglial cell cytoplasm. This diagram shows that the lateral loops and inner and outer cytoplasmic tongues are parts of the same cytoplasmic tube. The drawing on the right shows the appearance of this sheet if it were sectioned along the vertical line, indicating that the compact myelin region is formed of two unit membranes fused at the cytoplasmic surfaces. The drawing is not necessarily to scale. (Adapted from [6].)

From: The Myelin Sheath

Cover of Basic Neurochemistry
Basic Neurochemistry: Molecular, Cellular and Medical Aspects. 6th edition.
Siegel GJ, Agranoff BW, Albers RW, et al., editors.
Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven; 1999.
Copyright © 1999, American Society for Neurochemistry.

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