Box 4.23Surface and surgical anatomy of the adrenal glands

Image ch4fb23.jpg
  • The adrenal glands are retroperitoneal structures
  • Each gland has three arteries, a superior from the inferior phrenic, a middle from the aorta and an inferior from the renal artery
  • Each has a single vein. The left drains into the left renal vein; the right is very short and drains into the inferior vena cava. Great technical expertise is required to avoid surgical trauma to the inferior vena cava.

From: Chapter 4, The adrenal gland

Cover of Endocrinology
Endocrinology: An Integrated Approach.
Nussey S, Whitehead S.
Copyright © 2001, BIOS Scientific Publishers Limited.

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