Table 21.3The Relation between CVD, Risk Factors, Behaviors, and Determinants

Disease or disorderRisk factorsBehaviorsDeterminants
Cardiovascular disease (stroke, ischemic heart disease, peripheral vascular disease)TobaccoSmoking tobaccoPsychosocial
Chewing tobaccoEducational
AlcoholAlcohol misuseEnvironmental
FoodFood consumptionEconomic
HypertensionSalt useMarketing
Health care–seeking behaviorFood labeling
Medication compliance behavior
ObesitySedentary behavior
Lack of physical activity

Source: Reddy 2004.

From: Chapter 21, Cardiovascular Disease

Cover of Disease and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa
Disease and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. 2nd edition.
Jamison DT, Feachem RG, Makgoba MW, et al., editors.
Washington (DC): World Bank; 2006.
Copyright © 2006, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.