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Table 18.5Mean Lipid Levels and Prevalence of Dyslipidemia in Black Subjects

Location (age in years)nTotal cholesterol mmol/LHDL-C mmol/LTriglycerides mmol/LTotal cholesterol5.2 mmol/L (%)Triglycerides1.7 mmol/L (%)
Tanzania
 Rural males933.41.04.4
 Rural females914.41.022.5
 Nomadic males415.11.148.6
 Nomadic females615.31.353.7
 Urban males814.71.229.5
 Urban females795.31.350.0
 Kilimanjaro (rural)
  Males (55+)41326.912.6
  Females (55+)47835.511.5
 Mara
  Males (55+)1986.68.1
  Females (55+)1336.112.2
 Morogoro
  Males (55+)7912.76.3
  Females (55+)749.512.1
Nigeria
 Males1107.3
 Females3619.5
Gambia, The (normotensive)
 Urban males1,0284.10.6812.54.0
 Urban females1,1384.60.6829.10.6
 Rural males1,2003.60.812.34.3
 Rural females2,0233.90.768.32.1
Gambia, The (hypertensive)
 Urban males774.91.1324.54.1
 Urban females855.00.7939.14.7
 Rural males914.01.174.11.4
 Rural females1274.40.8313.72.9
South Africa
 Cape Town (periurban)9864.111.31.219.4
 Free State QwaQwa (rural)8534.81.21.532.7
 Mangaung (periurban)7585.31.41.237.4

Sources: Kadiri and Salako 1997; Mollentze et al. 1995; Njelekela et al. 2001; Oelofse et al. 1996; Swai et al. 1993; and Van der Sande et al. 2000.

Note: — = data not published; HDL-C = high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; mmol/L = millimole/liter.

From: Chapter 18, Lifestyle and Related Risk Factors for Chronic Diseases

Cover of Disease and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa
Disease and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. 2nd edition.
Jamison DT, Feachem RG, Makgoba MW, et al., editors.
Washington (DC): World Bank; 2006.
Copyright © 2006, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank.

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