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Jamison DT, Feachem RG, Makgoba MW, et al., editors. Disease and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. 2nd edition. Washington (DC): World Bank; 2006.

Cover of Disease and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa

Disease and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. 2nd edition.

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Abbreviations and Acronyms

ADRadverse drug reactions
AFBacid-fast bacilli
AIDSacquired immune deficiency syndrome
AMMPAdult Morbidity and Mortality Project
anti-GADglutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies
APOCAfrican Programme for Onchocerciasis Control
ARandrogen receptor
ARIacute respiratory infections
ARVantiretroviral
AUDITAlcohol Use Disorders Identification Test
BCGbacillus Calmette-Guérin
BMIbody mass index
BOMABurden of Malaria in Africa
BOSTIDBoard of Science and Technology for International Development
CBRcommunity-based rehabilitation
CDTIcommunity-directed treatment with ivermectin
CHDcoronary heart disease
CHMRchild mortality rate
CIconfidence interval
CIESINCenter for International Earth Science Information Network
CINcervical intraepithelial neoplasia
CMcerebral malaria
CMDcommon mental disorders
CMOchronic otitis media
CNScentral nervous system
CRFcirculating recombinant forms
CRScongenital rubella syndrome
CSOCentral Statistical Office
CTLcytolytic T cell
CVDcardiovascular disease
CWIQCore Welfare Indicators Questionnaire
DALYdisability-adjusted life year
DCCTDiabetes Control and Complication Trial
DCMdilated cardiomyopathy
DHSDemographic and Health Survey
DMSSA-1Disease and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa, first edition
DMSSA-2Disease and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa, second edition
DOTSdirectly observed treatment, short course
DSSdemographic surveillance system
DTPdiphtheria, tetanus, pertussis
EAECentero-adherent pathogenic Escherichia coli
EIRentomological inoculation rates,
EMFendomyocardial fibrosis
EmOCemergency obstetric care
EPIExpanded Program on Immunization
EPTBextrapulmonary tuberculosis
ETECenterotoxigenic Escherichia coli
FAOFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
FCSfuzzy climate suitability
FWCWFourth World Conference on Women
GAVIGlobal Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization
GHQgeneral health questionnaire
GISGeographical Information System
GBDglobal burden of disease
GDMgestational diabetes mellitus
GDPgross domestic product
GHQGeneral Health Questionnaire
HAARThighly active antiretroviral therapy
HAVhepatitis A virus
HBIGhepatitis B immunoglobin
HBVhepatitis B
HEShypereosinophilic syndrome
HHV8human herpesvirus-8
HibHaemophilus influenzae type B
HIChigh-income country
HIPCheavily indebted poor country
HIVhuman immunodeficieny virus
HMIShealth management information systems
HPVhuman papillomavirus
HSCLHopkins Symptom Checklist
ICAislet cell antibodies
ICD-10International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th revision
IDDiodine deficiency disorder
IFGimpaired fasting glycemia
IGTimpaired glucose tolerance
IHDischemic heart disease
IMRinfant mortality rate
INCLENInternational Clinical Epidemiology Network
IPDinvasive pneumococcal disease
IPTisoniazid preventive treatment
IPTTInitiative for Technology Transfer
IPVinactivated poliovirus vaccine
IQIinterquartile intervals
IQRinterquartile ranges
IUATLDInternational Union against TB and Lung Disease
IUGRintrauterine growth retardation
IVIGintravenous immunoglobulin
LBWlow birthweight
LMIClow- to middle-income country
LRTIlower respiratory tract infections
MDGMillennium Development Goal
MDRmultidrug resistance
MICSMultiple Indicator Cluster Surveys
MMRmaternal mortality ratio
MOTTmycobacteria other than tuberculosis
MRmental retardation
NCDnoncommunicable disease
NDSNational Demographic Survey
NEPADNew Partnership for Africa's Development
NGDOnongovernmental development organization
NGOnongovernmental organization
NIMSSNational Injury Mortality Surveillance System
NNRTInonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
NNTneonatal tetanus
NRTInucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitor
NVPnevirapine
OCPOnchocerciasis Control Programme
OEPAOnchocerciasis Elimination Program for the Americas
OPVoral poliovirus vaccine
ORodds ratio
ORToral rehydration therapy
OSDonchocercal skin disease
PA-ICPDProgramme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development
PCPPneumocystis carinii pneumonia
PEMprotein-energy malnutrition
PMDFproportion of deaths of women of reproductive ages due to maternal causes
PPPinternational dollars
PRSPpoverty reduction strategy paper
PSEPresent State Examination
PTBpulmonary tuberculosis
PTSDposttraumatic stress disorder
PYOperson-years of observation
RAMOSReproductive Age Mortality Studies
REMORapid Epidemiological Mapping of Onchocerciasis
RHDrheumatic heart disease
RRrelative risk
RTIroad traffic injury
SADCSouthern African Development Community
SAVVYSample Vital Registration and Verbal Autopsy
SIRSusceptible-Infected-Removed
SIVsimian immunodeficiency virus
SMAsevere malarial anemia
SRQ-25Self Report Questionnaire—25 item version
SSRIselective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
STDsexually transmitted disease
TBtuberculosis
TCAtricyclic antidepressant
TFRtotal fertility rate
TMP-SMXtrimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole
TTtetanus toxoid
U5MRunder-five mortality rate
UKPDSUnited Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study
UNAIDSJoint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
UNDPUnited Nations Development Programme
UNICEFUnited Nations Children's Fund
URTIupper respiratory tract infection
VAverbal autopsy
VADvitamin A deficiency
VAPPvaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis
VRvital statistics registration system
WFSWorld Fertility Survey
WHOWorld Health Organization
YLDyears lived with disability
Copyright © 2006, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank.
Bookshelf ID: NBK2280
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