BOX 1-3 Independence

An “independent investigator” is one who enjoys independence of thought—the freedom to define the problem of interest and/or to choose or develop the best strategies and approaches to address that problem. Under this definition, an independent scientist may work alone, as the intellectual leader of a research group, or as a member of a consortium of investigators each contributing distinct expertise. Specifically, we do not intend “independence” to mean necessarily “isolated” or “solitary,” or to imply “self-sustaining” or “separately funded.”

From: 1, Introduction

Cover of Bridges to Independence
Bridges to Independence: Fostering the Independence of New Investigators in Biomedical Research.
National Research Council (US) Committee on Bridges to Independence: Identifying Opportunities for and Challenges to Fostering the Independence of Young Investigators in the Life Sciences.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2005.
Copyright © 2005, National Academy of Sciences.

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