Figure 20-21. General structure and activation of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs).

Figure 20-21General structure and activation of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs)

The ligands for some RTKs, such as the receptor for EGF depicted here, are monomeric; ligand binding induces a conformational change in receptor monomers that promotes their dimerization. The ligands for other RTKs are dimeric; their binding brings two receptor monomers together directly (see Figure 20-4d). In either case, the kinase activity of each subunit of the dimeric receptor initially phosphorylates tyrosine residues near the catalytic site in the other subunit. Subsequently, tyrosine residues in other parts of the cytosolic domain are autophosphorylated. See text for discussion. [See G. Panayotou and W. D. Waterfield, 1993, Bioessays 15:171; M. Mohammadi et al., 1996, Cell 86:577.]

Image ch20f4

From: Section 20.4, Receptor Tyrosine Kinases and Ras

Cover of Molecular Cell Biology
Molecular Cell Biology. 4th edition.
Lodish H, Berk A, Zipursky SL, et al.
New York: W. H. Freeman; 2000.
Copyright © 2000, W. H. Freeman and Company.

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