Table 32Leading causes of death and numbers of deaths, by age: United States, 1980 and 2004
[Data are based on death certificates]
Updated February 2007
Click here for spreadsheet version

1980 2004
Age and rank order Cause of death Deaths Cause of death Deaths
Under 1 year
. . .All causes45,526All causes27,936
1.Congenital anomalies9,220Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities5,622
2.Sudden infant death syndrome5,510Disorders related to short gestation and low birth weight, not elsewhere classified4,642
3.Respiratory distress syndrome4,989Sudden infant death syndrome2,246
4.Disorders relating to short gestation and unspecified low birthweight3,648Newborn affected by maternal complications of pregnancy1,715
5.Newborn affected by maternal complications of pregnancy1,572Unintentional injuries1,052
6.Intrauterine hypoxia and birth asphyxia1,497Newborn affected by complications of placenta, cord and membranes1,042
7.Unintentional injuries1,166Respiratory distress of newborn875
8.Birth trauma1,058Bacterial sepsis of newborn827
9.Pneumonia and influenza1,012Neonatal hemorrhage616
10.Newborn affected by complications of placenta, cord, and membranes985Diseases of circulatory system593
1–4 years
. . .All causes8,187All causes4,785
1.Unintentional injuries3,313Unintentional injuries1,641
2.Congenital anomalies1,026Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities569
3.Malignant neoplasms573Malignant neoplasms399
4.Diseases of heart338Homicide377
5.Homicide319Diseases of heart187
6.Pneumonia and influenza267Influenza and pneumonia119
8.Meningococcal infection110Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period61
9.Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period84In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior53
10.Septicemia71Chronic lower respiratory diseases48
5–14 years
. . .All causes10,689All causes6,834
1.Unintentional injuries5,224Unintentional injuries2,666
2.Malignant neoplasms1,497Malignant neoplasms
Congenital malformations, deformations and
3.Congenital anomalies561chromosomal abnormalities389
5.Diseases of heart330Suicide285
6.Pneumonia and influenza194Diseases of heart245
7.Suicide142Chronic lower respiratory diseases120
8.Benign neoplasms104In situ neoplasms, benign neoplasms and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior84
9.Cerebrovascular diseases95Influenza and pneumonia82
10.Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases85Cerebrovascular diseases77
15–24 years
. . .All causes49,027All causes33,421
1.Unintentional injuries26,206Unintentional injuries15,449
4.Malignant neoplasms2,683Malignant neoplasms1,709
5.Diseases of heart1,223Diseases of heart1,038
6.Congenital anomalies600Congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities483
7.Cerebrovascular diseases418Cerebrovascular diseases211
8.Pneumonia and influenza348Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease191
9.Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases141Influenza and pneumonia185
10.Anemias133Chronic lower respiratory diseases179
1980 2004
Age and rank order Cause of death Deaths Cause of death Deaths
25–44 years
. . .All causes108,658All causes126,230
1.Unintentional injuries26,722Unintentional injuries29,503
2.Malignant neoplasms17,551Malignant neoplasms18,356
3.Diseases of heart14,513Diseases of heart16,088
6.Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis4,782Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease6,294
7.Cerebrovascular diseases3,154Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis3,108
8.Diabetes mellitus1,472Cerebrovascular diseases2,928
9.Pneumonia and influenza1,467Diabetes mellitus2,625
10.Congenital anomalies817Influenza and pneumonia1,194
45–64 years
. . .All causes425,338All causes442,394
1.Diseases of heart148,322Malignant neoplasms146,476
2.Malignant neoplasms135,675Diseases of heart101,169
3.Cerebrovascular diseases19,909Unintentional injuries26,593
4.Unintentional injuries18,140Diabetes mellitus16,347
5.Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis16,089Cerebrovascular diseases16,147
6.Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases11,514Chronic lower respiratory diseases15,265
7.Diabetes mellitus7,977Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis14,065
9.Pneumonia and influenza5,804Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis6,030
65 years and over
. . .All causes1,341,848All causes1,755,669
1.Diseases of heart595,406Diseases of heart533,302
2.Malignant neoplasms258,389Malignant neoplasms385,847
3.Cerebrovascular diseases146,417Cerebrovascular diseases130,538
4.Pneumonia and influenza45,512Chronic lower respiratory diseases105,197
5.Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases43,587Alzheimer's disease65,313
6.Atherosclerosis28,081Diabetes mellitus53,956
7.Diabetes mellitus25,216Influenza and pneumonia52,760
8.Unintentional injuries24,844Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome and nephrosis35,105
9.Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosis12,968Unintentional injuries35,020
10.Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis9,519Septicemia25,644

. . .Category not applicable.

NOTES: For cause of death codes based on the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision (ICD–9) in 1980 and ICD–10 in 2002, see Appendix II, Cause of death; tables IV and V.

SOURCES: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System; Vital statistics of the United States, Vol II, mortality, part A, 1980. Washington, DC: Public Health Service. 1985; 2004 annual mortality file.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2006
Health, United States, 2006: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2006 Nov.

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