Table 8Early prenatal care by race and Hispanic origin of mother, geographic division, and state: United States, average annual 1996–1998, 1999–2001, and 2002–2004
[Data are based on birth certificates]
Click here for spreadsheet version

Not Hispanic or Latino
All races White Black or African American
Geographic division and state 1996–1998 1999–2001 2002–2004 1996–1998 1999–2001 2002–2004 1996–1998 1999–2001 2002–2004
Percent of live births with early prenatal care (beginning in the 1st trimester)
United States182.483.283.887.788.588.972.474.376.1
New England188.189.589.290.692.091.977.880.780.1
 Connecticut88.489.188.191.992.992.479.482.180.3
 Maine89.388.787.989.789.088.484.380.176.4
 Massachusetts87.489.589.890.492.492.476.379.380.0
 New Hampshire189.590.8- - -89.991.6- - -77.275.7- - -
 Rhode Island89.691.190.292.093.592.880.084.781.2
 Vermont87.688.589.887.888.890.2*73.678.372.1
Middle Atlantic181.782.0- - -88.288.4- - -68.369.7- - -
 New Jersey81.680.679.889.589.388.964.563.863.5
 New York185.485.0- - -89.188.9- - -70.570.6- - -
 New York City73.575.579.283.185.288.069.471.073.5
 Pennsylvania184.385.3- - -87.988.4- - -68.772.4- - -
East North Central83.484.085.487.588.289.070.171.774.2
 Illinois82.282.985.389.389.990.969.571.474.2
 Indiana80.180.681.282.683.684.565.468.269.2
 Michigan84.284.285.988.388.889.771.069.771.9
 Ohio85.386.887.887.889.089.872.776.378.8
 Wisconsin84.384.084.988.087.888.567.569.574.0
West North Central85.286.086.688.089.089.572.475.377.5
 Iowa87.388.188.788.789.590.374.177.277.1
 Kansas85.686.587.089.190.090.176.078.579.3
 Minnesota84.084.686.187.488.790.265.066.772.2
 Missouri85.987.588.288.489.790.173.478.080.3
 Nebraska84.183.683.287.087.086.772.069.971.9
 North Dakota85.086.286.487.188.989.276.876.982.6
 South Dakota82.280.178.086.084.383.170.567.663.5
South Atlantic184.384.684.389.589.990.374.376.077.3
 Delaware83.285.485.688.289.989.973.078.281.2
 District of Columbia67.673.976.889.490.790.862.768.671.5
 Florida183.683.9- - -88.689.1- - -72.674.0- - -
 Georgia85.886.884.291.091.790.478.680.879.1
 Maryland88.385.783.492.991.490.779.877.475.5
 North Carolina84.084.784.390.091.090.773.475.976.3
 South Carolina180.479.7- - -87.586.4- - -69.070.4- - -
 Virginia84.985.285.490.090.390.573.475.777.6
 West Virginia82.685.885.983.286.586.467.172.575.0
East South Central183.083.7- - -87.988.5- - -70.773.1- - -
 Alabama82.182.883.788.789.790.069.771.775.5
 Kentucky185.686.7- - -86.887.9- - -75.978.7- - -
 Mississippi79.881.884.489.089.490.869.373.377.2
 Tennessee183.783.4- - -87.787.7- - -72.073.0- - -
West South Central78.979.981.285.886.987.272.174.576.1
 Arkansas76.179.581.180.783.684.663.869.573.3
 Louisiana81.583.184.589.190.490.871.273.475.9
 Oklahoma78.678.977.681.982.781.768.071.070.4
 Texas78.679.581.186.887.688.174.876.777.4
Mountain178.177.777.584.885.285.371.371.872.6
 Arizona74.776.476.584.486.987.571.574.678.2
 Colorado82.280.779.587.587.886.276.474.371.2
 Idaho178.781.1- - -81.683.5- - -72.275.9- - -
 Montana82.583.283.884.986.186.775.986.585.2
 Nevada76.175.175.683.384.584.666.867.670.0
 New Mexico69.268.169.177.875.776.862.364.668.2
 Utah83.279.779.986.483.783.767.260.060.3
 Wyoming81.982.985.583.884.487.069.778.386.1
Pacific181.784.086.386.888.189.479.081.483.4
 Alaska80.980.080.283.483.684.082.383.183.7
 California81.684.587.087.789.790.679.081.883.5
 Hawaii84.385.182.790.190.386.789.591.290.3
 Oregon80.481.281.183.184.284.478.476.475.6
 Washington183.282.9- - -86.086.0- - -77.075.8- - -
Hispanic or Latino 2 American Indian or Alaska Native 3 Asian or Pacific Islander 3
Geographic division and state 1996–1998 1999–2001 2002–2004 1996–1998 1999–2001 2002–2004 1996–1998 1999–2001 2002–2004
Percent of live births with early prenatal care (beginning in the 1st trimester)
United States173.474.977.168.269.469.982.283.985.3
New England177.480.481.175.881.084.182.285.486.1
 Connecticut78.278.876.975.282.185.485.987.587.7
 Maine80.280.680.572.976.278.081.586.882.1
 Massachusetts75.980.283.071.182.388.581.084.786.1
 New Hampshire177.380.4- - -86.281.9- - -84.685.3- - -
 Rhode Island82.686.786.881.581.980.981.583.881.8
 Vermont82.882.279.4*79.3*82.4*85.775.785.686.9
Middle Atlantic170.771.6- - -74.277.1- - -77.878.5- - -
 New Jersey71.068.667.971.873.867.983.283.384.8
 New York173.973.3- - -72.574.8- - -81.982.7- - -
 New York City69.372.477.077.577.584.772.973.277.0
 Pennsylvania171.573.5- - -78.282.4- - -78.581.1- - -
East North Central72.472.677.072.675.275.782.183.486.0
 Illinois72.674.079.675.177.881.485.285.088.1
 Indiana65.963.164.568.174.270.981.881.083.5
 Michigan73.271.677.973.975.679.485.687.088.2
 Ohio76.876.778.779.480.480.986.088.790.3
 Wisconsin71.369.670.769.372.771.262.365.870.0
West North Central67.869.773.466.966.365.873.278.281.2
 Iowa71.073.375.569.974.775.982.083.787.6
 Kansas65.969.474.177.780.482.082.585.486.2
 Minnesota61.763.269.662.162.264.061.269.574.5
 Missouri76.878.279.776.977.380.484.287.888.4
 Nebraska67.668.170.067.568.368.582.180.783.7
 North Dakota73.877.580.570.166.866.978.486.387.2
 South Dakota72.268.563.964.361.857.774.880.172.3
South Atlantic178.177.370.473.973.780.685.486.686.1
 Delaware68.772.372.0*76.278.187.184.089.290.1
 District of Columbia64.170.870.5*83.3*61.9*73.277.981.7
 Florida181.481.4- - -69.464.2- - -87.187.8- - -
 Georgia76.077.971.082.981.783.587.390.288.6
 Maryland81.477.368.184.082.678.789.587.084.9
 North Carolina68.569.169.972.576.580.281.983.585.0
 South Carolina165.961.7- - -76.177.4- - -76.079.5- - -
 Virginia72.871.671.181.080.282.183.785.785.5
 West Virginia76.567.474.2*84.2*74.4*69.282.280.486.1
East South Central166.760.8- - -75.778.6- - -83.484.6- - -
 Alabama62.555.753.180.079.481.483.486.787.4
 Kentucky174.068.6- - -79.485.2- - -84.687.2- - -
 Mississippi77.173.477.072.875.872.280.183.085.9
 Tennessee164.558.5- - -73.878.2- - -84.083.1- - -
West South Central71.372.575.670.470.972.585.687.388.1
 Arkansas59.866.270.668.474.075.473.478.682.4
 Louisiana83.885.083.778.080.784.483.785.788.3
 Oklahoma68.666.764.669.369.470.281.780.780.3
 Texas71.472.676.074.174.679.486.688.489.0
Mountain165.365.066.660.963.864.978.078.979.1
 Arizona64.165.766.861.065.968.082.484.584.2
 Colorado68.365.567.671.968.367.680.082.680.8
 Idaho161.266.9- - -59.367.5- - -78.280.4- - -
 Montana76.779.380.166.465.666.179.780.483.7
 Nevada64.061.864.170.367.468.678.579.280.2
 New Mexico66.265.566.755.658.859.274.375.076.1
 Utah64.561.364.159.055.356.769.864.765.7
 Wyoming71.173.579.665.171.870.984.482.284.7
Pacific176.680.384.372.772.573.083.585.587.1
 Alaska78.180.878.275.771.370.375.276.475.1
 California77.081.084.871.873.976.084.286.588.5
 Hawaii83.083.781.182.983.481.282.383.481.2
 Oregon66.669.270.266.268.768.980.281.881.7
 Washington170.871.8- - -72.172.0- - -80.581.6- - -

* Percents preceded by an asterisk are based on fewer than 50 births. Percents not shown are based on fewer than 20 births.

1

Reporting areas that have adopted the 2003 revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth are excluded because prenatal care data based on the 2003 revision are not comparable with data based on the 1989 revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth. In 2003, Pennsylvania and Washington adopted the 2003 revision; in 2004, Florida, Idaho, Kentucky, New Hampshire, New York State (excluding New York City), South Carolina, and Tennessee adopted the 2003 revision. See Appendix II, Prenatal Care.

2

Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin.

3

Includes persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin.

NOTES: Data are based on the 1989 revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth. Starting with 2003 data, some states reported multiple-race data. The multiple-race data for these states were bridged to the single race categories of the 1977 Office of Management and Budget standards for comparability with other states. See Appendix II, Race.

SOURCE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, Birth File.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2006
Health, United States, 2006: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2006 Nov.

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