Table 5Live births, by plurality, and detailed race and Hispanic origin of mother: United States, selected years 1970–2004
[Data are based on birth certificates]
Click here for spreadsheet version

Plurality of birth and race and Hispanic origin of mother 1970 1971 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2003 2004
All birthsNumber of live births
All races3,731,3863,555,9703,144,1983,612,2583,760,5614,158,2123,899,5894,058,8144,089,9504,112,052
White3,109,9562,939,5682,576,8182,936,3513,037,9133,290,2733,098,8853,194,0053,225,8483,222,928
Black or African American561,992553,750496,829568,080581,824684,336603,139622,598599,847616,074
American Indian or Alaska Native22,26423,25422,69029,38934,03739,05137,27841,66843,05243,927
Asian or Pacific Islander1- - -27,00428,88474,355104,606141,635160,287200,543221,203229,123
 Chinese7,0447,2227,77811,67116,40522,73727,38034,271- - -- - -
 Japanese7,7447,8466,7257,4828,0358,6748,9018,969- - -- - -
 Filipino8,0667,94610,35913,96820,05825,77030,55132,107- - -- - -
 Hawaiian- - -3,7183,7114,6694,9386,0995,7876,608- - -- - -
 Other Asian or Pacific Islander- - -27231136,56555,17078,35587,668118,588- - -- - -
Hispanic or Latino2- - -- - -- - -307,163372,814595,073679,768815,868912,329946,349
 Mexican- - -- - -- - -215,439242,976385,640469,615581,915654,504677,621
 Puerto Rican- - -- - -- - -33,67135,14758,80754,82458,12458,40061,221
 Cuban- - -- - -- - -7,16310,02411,31112,47313,42914,86714,943
 Central and South American- - -- - -- - -21,26840,98583,00894,996113,344135,586143,520
 Other and unknown Hispanic or Latino- - -- - -- - -29,62243,68256,30747,86049,05648,97249,044
Not Hispanic or Latino:2
 White- - -- - -- - -1,256,7771,407,4602,626,5002,382,6382,362,9682,321,9042,296,683
 Black or African American- - -- - -- - -300,480337,448661,701587,781604,346576,033578,772
Twin births
All races- - -63,29859,19268,33977,10293,86596,736118,916128,665132,219
White- - -49,97246,71553,10460,35172,61776,19693,235101,297103,438
Black or African American- - -12,45211,37513,63814,64618,16417,00020,62620,63321,618
American Indian or Alaska Native- - -3623484915376997699001,0471,086
Asian or Pacific Islander1- - -3205051,0451,5362,3202,7714,1555,6886,077
 Chinese- - -80120135232368507748- - -- - -
 Japanese- - -98115103131161217218- - -- - -
 Filipino- - -92176173247388542612- - -- - -
 Hawaiian- - -4692697410198109- - -- - -
 Other Asian or Pacific Islander- - -425658521,3021,4072,468- - -- - -
Hispanic or Latino2- - -- - -- - -5,1546,55010,71312,68516,47019,47220,351
 Mexican- - -- - -- - -3,5994,2926,7018,34111,13012,95413,485
 Puerto Rican- - -- - -- - -6317051,2261,2481,4611,6661,759
 Cuban- - -- - -- - -102201228312371465562
 Central and South American- - -- - -- - -3716651,4631,7692,3613,1413,393
 Other and unknown Hispanic or Latino- - -- - -- - -4516871,0951,0151,1471,2461,152
Not Hispanic or Latino:2
 White- - -- - -- - -23,00428,40260,21062,37076,01881,69183,346
 Black or African American- - -- - -- - -7,2788,40017,64616,62220,17320,01020,605
Triplet and higher order multiple births
All races- - -1,0341,0661,3371,9253,0284,9737,3257,6637,275
White- - -8349091,1041,6482,6394,5056,5516,7336,326
Black or African American- - -196151211240321352521650605
American Indian or Alaska Native- - -02913420183322
Asian or Pacific Islander1- - -049236196235247322
 Chinese- - -0032132129- - -- - -
 Japanese- - -0460038- - -- - -
 Filipino- - -0004151557- - -- - -
 Hawaiian- - -0000336- - -- - -
 Other Asian or Pacific Islander- - -000173054135- - -- - -
Hispanic or Latino2- - -- - -- - -78106235355659784723
 Mexican- - -- - -- - -4382121202391480483
 Puerto Rican- - -- - -- - -121428357388103
 Cuban- - -- - -- - -039241528*
 Central and South American- - -- - -- - -84595912214095
 Other and unknown Hispanic or Latino- - -- - -- - -1531835584824
Not Hispanic or Latino:2
 White- - -- - -- - -4907792,3584,0505,8215,9225,590
 Black or African American- - -- - -- - -128132306340506631577

- - - Data not available.

1

Starting with 2003 data, estimates are not shown for Asian or Pacific Islander subgroups during the transition from single race to multiple race reporting. See Appendix II, Race, Birth File.

2

Prior to 1993, data from states lacking an Hispanic-origin item on the birth certificate were excluded. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin. Data for non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black women for years prior to 1989 are not nationally representative and are provided for comparison with Hispanic data.

NOTES: The race groups, white, black, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Asian or Pacific Islander, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Starting with 2003 data, some states reported multiple-race data. The multiple-race data for these states were bridged to the single race categories of the 1977 Office of Management and Budget standards for comparability with other states. See Appendix II, Race. Interpretation of trend data should take into consideration expansion of reporting areas and immigration. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCES: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, Birth File. Martin JA, Hamilton BE, Sutton PD, Ventura SJ, Kirmeyer S. Births: Final Data for 2004. National vital statistics reports. vol 55 no 1. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2006; Births: Final data for each data year 1997–2003. National vital statistics reports. Hyattsville, MD; Final natality statistics for each data year 1970–1996. Monthly vital statistics report. Hyattsville, MD.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2006
Health, United States, 2006: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2006 Nov.

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