Table 135Health insurance coverage for persons 65 years of age and over, according to type of coverage and selected characteristics: United States, selected years 1989–2003
[Data are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population]
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Private insurance 1 Private insurance obtained through workplace 1,2
Characteristic 1989 1995 2000 2001 2002 2003 1989 1995 2000 2001 2002 2003
Number in millions
Total322.423.521.221.320.621.511.212.412.012.211.811.9
Percent of population
Total376.574.663.463.160.962.738.439.535.936.234.934.8
Age
65–74 years78.275.163.163.460.962.343.743.339.639.838.038.2
75 years and over73.973.963.962.760.863.130.234.131.432.031.431.0
 75–84 years75.975.764.964.261.764.032.036.033.233.433.132.5
 85 years and over65.567.359.857.457.759.822.827.324.826.825.426.2
Sex
Male77.576.464.764.262.264.143.544.240.440.639.238.6
Female75.873.362.562.359.961.634.836.232.633.031.832.0
Race4
White only80.178.367.266.764.365.739.941.037.437.636.035.7
Black or African American only43.041.836.138.336.537.624.826.525.728.527.228.3
American Indian and Alaska Native only46.8*39.9**32.6**37.3*21.3*29.4****
Asian only48.445.842.941.340.740.2*30.227.025.023.828.025.9
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander only- - -- - -****- - -- - -****
2 or more races- - -- - -65.548.555.153.0- - -- - -49.731.235.231.7
Hispanic origin and race4
Hispanic or Latino44.840.924.625.323.824.024.520.316.417.617.317.6
 Mexican36.433.321.725.822.325.722.217.813.818.016.819.5
Not Hispanic or Latino77.676.365.565.263.165.138.940.536.937.335.935.9
 White only81.480.469.168.866.468.640.442.238.338.637.037.0
 Black or African American only43.041.536.138.336.637.624.826.125.728.627.228.1
Percent of poverty level5
Below 100 percent46.340.334.132.830.733.211.513.912.715.212.712.9
100–149 percent67.567.647.048.346.947.222.326.718.922.619.816.8
150–199 percent81.175.961.861.858.761.839.538.829.228.828.626.9
200 percent or more86.685.772.871.469.771.152.350.645.544.143.444.0
Geographic region
Northeast76.576.166.966.465.870.643.644.938.938.939.839.5
Midwest82.282.376.072.571.874.541.045.341.340.737.239.1
South73.471.158.860.657.656.033.234.632.434.533.631.4
West75.168.951.952.148.351.438.234.231.930.729.430.7
Location of residence
Within MSA677.174.861.761.560.162.141.341.537.236.835.936.7
Outside MSA675.074.168.868.363.564.630.832.632.034.231.628.5
Medicare health maintenance organization 1,7 Medicaid 1,8
Characteristic 1989 1995 2000 2001 2002 2003 1989 1995 2000 2001 2002 2003
Number in millions
Total3- - -- - -5.14.34.03.42.03.02.52.72.72.7
Percent of population
Total3- - -- - -15.212.911.810.07.09.47.58.07.88.0
AgePercent of population
65–74 years- - -- - -15.712.711.79.56.38.47.67.67.98.0
75 years and over- - -- - -14.513.111.910.68.210.97.48.47.77.9
 75–84 years- - -- - -15.413.412.610.97.99.97.17.97.87.6
 85 years and over- - -- - -11.011.99.29.79.714.38.410.17.39.1
Sex
Male- - -- - -15.512.412.39.94.95.75.45.95.65.7
Female- - -- - -14.913.211.410.28.512.19.09.59.59.6
Race4
White only- - -- - -15.112.911.610.05.57.25.56.16.16.2
Black or African American only- - -- - -14.611.410.69.420.527.519.419.919.519.2
American Indian and Alaska Native only- - -- - -*****30.9**35.4***32.7
Asian only- - -- - -16.713.418.615.2*21.333.621.022.920.028.5
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander only- - -- - -****- - -- - -****
2 or more races- - -- - -*30.4*16.5*15.2*- - -- - -**19.1**15.5
Hispanic origin and race4
Hispanic or Latino- - -- - -24.719.921.818.925.631.128.429.027.927.3
 Mexican- - -- - -23.718.219.014.527.431.626.625.723.625.7
Not Hispanic or Latino- - -- - -14.612.511.29.56.48.36.36.86.66.8
 White only- - -- - -14.512.511.19.34.85.94.64.95.04.8
 Black or African American only- - -- - -14.511.410.59.520.427.619.419.819.418.8
Percent of poverty level5
Below 100 percent- - -- - -15.19.19.19.428.136.228.131.029.531.8
100–149 percent- - -- - -16.412.811.810.79.012.813.715.012.813.3
150–199 percent- - -- - -15.714.112.811.74.75.85.46.86.66.4
200 percent or more- - -- - -14.813.312.09.72.22.22.83.03.13.1
Geographic region
Northeast- - -- - -12.613.510.310.35.48.97.27.77.56.5
Midwest- - -- - -8.47.55.94.03.65.84.55.15.14.9
South- - -- - -13.110.18.88.09.211.49.39.29.29.1
West- - -- - -30.623.826.421.99.311.38.49.79.011.3
Location of residence
Within MSA6- - -- - -18.615.714.512.56.48.87.07.97.47.7
Outside MSA6- - -- - -4.43.13.0*1.78.611.58.88.39.38.8

* Estimates are considered unreliable. Data preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error (RSE) of 20–30 percent. Data not shown have an RSE of greater than 30 percent.

- - - Data not available.

1

Almost all persons 65 years of age and over are also covered by Medicare.

2

Private insurance originally obtained through a present or former employer or union. Starting in 1997, also includes private insurance obtained through workplace, self-employed, or professional association.

3

Includes all other races not shown separately and, in 1984 and 1989, unknown poverty level.

4

The race groups, white, black, American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, and 2 or more races, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Starting with data year 1999, race-specific estimates are tabulated according to 1997 Standards for Federal data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The five single race categories plus multiple race categories shown in the table conform to 1997 Standards. Starting with data year 1999, race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group; the category "2 or more races" includes persons who reported more than one racial group. Prior to data year 1999, data were tabulated according to 1977 Standards with four racial groups and the category "Asian only" included Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. Estimates for single race categories prior to 1999 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. See Appendix II, Race.

5

Poverty status was unknown for 15–18 percent of persons 65 years of age and over in 1984 and 1989. Missing family income data were imputed for 22–25 percent of persons 65 years of age and over in 1994–96, 36 percent in 1997, 41 percent in 1998, and 44–47 percent in 1999–2003. See Appendix II, Family income; Poverty level.

6

MSA is metropolitan statistical area.

7

Persons reporting Medicare coverage are considered to have health maintenance organization (HMO) coverage if they responded yes when asked if they were under a Medicare managed care arrangement such as an HMO.

8

Includes public assistance through 1996. Starting with data year 1997 includes State-sponsored health plans. In 2003 the percent of the population 65 years of age and over covered by Medicaid was 7.3 percent, and 0.6 percent were covered by State-sponsored health plans.

NOTES: In 1997 the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) was redesigned, including changes to the questions on health insurance coverage. See Appendix I, National Health Interview Survey and Appendix II, Health insurance coverage. Percents do not add to 100 because (1) elderly persons with more than one type of insurance in addition to Medicare appear in more than one column, (2) elderly persons with Medicare fee-for-service only are not shown, and (3) the percent of elderly persons without health insurance (1.1 percent in 2003) is not shown. Standard errors are available in the spreadsheet version of this table. See www​.cdc.gov/nchs/hus.htm. Starting with Health, United States, 2005, estimates for 2000 and later years use weights derived from the 2000 census. Estimates for 2000–2002 were recalculated using 2000-based weights and may differ from previous editions of Health, United States. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCES: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey, health insurance supplements (1984, 1989, 1994–1996). Starting with data year 1997, data are from the family core questionnaires.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2005
Health, United States, 2005: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2005 Nov.

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