Table 76Influenza and pneumococcal vaccination among persons 18 years of age and over, according to selected characteristics: United States, selected years 1989–2003
[Data are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population]
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Characteristic 1989 1995 2002 2003 1989 1995 2002 2003
Percent receiving influenza vaccination during past 12 months1Percent ever receiving pneumococcal vaccination
Total, age-adjusted3,49.523.528.229.14.611.716.416.3
Total, crude49.124.428.029.04.412.516.016.0
Age
18–44 years3.312.314.815.42.16.35.35.1
 18–24 years3.211.213.314.92.910.35.76.4
 25–44 years3.312.515.315.51.85.45.24.7
45–64 years8.824.530.732.93.79.113.414.0
 45–54 years5.621.025.927.72.36.98.79.8
 55–64 years12.629.237.940.45.212.120.420.0
65 years and over30.457.065.765.514.132.956.055.6
 65–74 years28.054.060.960.513.130.350.249.8
 75 years and over34.261.271.371.015.736.762.862.1
50 years and over19.943.047.748.99.022.433.333.1
Sex3
Male9.522.927.127.94.713.216.515.9
Female9.624.229.430.34.510.716.316.6
Sex and age
Male:
 18–44 years3.212.113.614.32.48.95.65.7
 45–54 years4.618.322.925.32.27.48.88.6
 55–64 years11.825.735.837.44.911.219.018.2
 65–74 years28.354.162.160.412.628.949.347.9
 75 years and over37.565.374.173.216.339.765.261.2
 50 years and over19.240.945.146.88.421.231.530.2
Female:
 18–44 years3.312.316.016.41.84.45.04.5
 45–54 years6.523.328.830.12.56.48.711.0
 55–64 years13.232.139.943.15.412.821.721.6
 65–74 years27.853.959.960.713.531.351.051.4
 75 years and over32.359.369.669.615.335.361.462.7
 50 years and over20.644.449.850.79.423.234.935.4
Race3,5
White only9.824.028.729.54.711.516.816.5
Black or African American only7.320.523.924.43.712.013.114.1
American Indian and Alaska Native only12.822.629.224.39.420.1*16.216.1
Asian only5.723.828.428.9*8.711.011.3
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander only- - -- - -**- - -- - -**
2 or more races- - -- - -30.834.2- - -- - -21.918.7
Hispanic origin and race3,5
Hispanic or Latino8.021.121.421.23.69.69.210.0
 Mexican7.322.421.020.84.08.99.310.1
Not Hispanic or Latino9.523.928.930.04.611.816.916.8
 White only9.824.329.330.64.711.717.317.1
 Black or African American only7.220.524.024.53.611.813.214.1
Education6,7
25 years of age and over:
 No high school diploma or GED9.522.624.824.64.612.216.115.7
 High school diploma or GED10.525.029.229.45.013.118.617.9
 Some college or more11.926.933.334.45.813.319.118.9
Characteristic 1989 1995 2002 2003 1989 1995 2002 2003
Poverty status3,8Percent receiving influenza vaccination during past 12 months1Percent ever receiving pneumococcal vaccination2
Poor9.421.124.023.95.212.414.715.9
Near poor9.622.224.525.65.012.915.817.9
Nonpoor10.325.129.830.84.711.716.916.1
Hispanic or Latino:
 Poor7.319.320.218.4*3.39.28.48.9
 Near poor10.322.519.718.14.311.08.58.1
 Nonpoor9.223.323.324.53.88.910.412.1
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only:
  Poor10.222.723.426.16.214.416.418.8
  Near poor9.822.225.626.95.013.317.319.8
  Nonpoor10.425.430.831.94.811.617.516.5
 Black or African American only:
  Poor7.920.226.823.24.39.712.914.3
  Near poor6.719.022.525.24.211.913.816.3
  Nonpoor8.322.823.724.43.213.713.113.3
Geographic region3
Northeast8.421.828.029.83.39.815.414.9
Midwest9.323.629.229.64.411.016.916.4
South9.824.627.829.75.012.416.117.2
West10.423.628.126.95.613.417.215.9
Location of residence3
Within MSA99.523.528.129.04.611.716.216.1
Outside MSA99.326.328.829.64.212.617.117.3

* Estimates are considered unreliable. Data preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error (RSE) of 20–30 percent. Data not shown have an RSE of greater than 30 percent.

- - - Data not available.

1

Respondents were asked, "During the past 12 months, have you had a flu shot? A flu shot is usually given in the fall and protects against influenza for the flu season."

2

Respondents were asked, "Have you ever had a pneumonia shot? This shot is usually given only once or twice in a person's lifetime and is different from the flu shot. It is also called the pneumococcal vaccine."

3

Estimates are age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population using five age groups: 18–44 years, 45–54 years, 55–64 years, 65–74 years, and 75 years and over. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

4

Includes all other races not shown separately and, prior to 1990, unknown poverty status.

5

The race groups, white, black, American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, and 2 or more races, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Starting with data year 1999, race-specific estimates are tabulated according to 1997 Standards for Federal data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The five single race categories plus multiple race categories shown in the table conform to 1997 Standards. Starting with data year 1999, race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group; the category "2 or more races" includes persons who reported more than one racial group. Prior to data year 1999, data were tabulated according to 1977 Standards with four racial groups and the category "Asian only" included Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. Estimates for single race categories prior to 1999 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. See Appendix II, Race.

6

Estimates are for persons 25 years of age and over and are age-adjusted to the year 2000 standard population using five age groups: 25–44 years, 45–54 years, 55–64 years, 65–74 years, and 75 years and over. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

7

Education categories shown are for 1998 and subsequent years. GED stands for General Educational Development high school equivalency diploma. In years prior to 1998 the following categories based on number of years of school completed were used: less than 12 years, 12 years, 13 years or more. See Appendix II, Education.

8

Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor persons have incomes of 100 percent to less than 200 percent of the poverty threshold. Nonpoor persons have incomes of 200 percent or greater than the poverty threshold. Poverty status was unknown for 11 percent of persons 18 years of age and over in 1989. Missing family income data were imputed for 16 percent of persons 18 years of age and over in 1995, 34 percent in 2002, and 36 percent in 2003. See Appendix II, Family Income; Poverty level.

9

MSA is metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: In 2000, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended universal influenza vaccination for persons 50 years of age and over (CDC. Prevention and Control of Influenza, United States, 2000. Morbidity and mortality weekly report; 49(RR03). Atlanta, Georgia: Public Health Service. 2000). Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III. Standard errors for selected years are available in the spreadsheet version of this table. See www​.cdc.gov/nchs/hus.htm. Starting with Health, United States, 2005, estimates for 2000 and later years use weights derived from the 2000 census.

SOURCE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey, sample adult questionnaire.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2005
Health, United States, 2005: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2005 Nov.

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