Table 58Limitation of activity caused by chronic conditions, according to selected characteristics: United States, selected years 1997–2003
[Data are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population]
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Characteristic 1997 2001 2002 2003
All agesPercent of persons with any activity limitation1
Total2,313.312.112.312.1
Age
Under 18 years6.66.87.16.9
 Under 5 years3.53.33.23.6
 5–17 years7.88.08.58.1
18–44 years7.06.06.26.0
 18–24 years5.14.64.34.1
 25–44 years7.66.56.86.6
45–54 years14.213.113.813.0
55–64 years22.220.721.121.1
65 years and over38.734.634.534.6
 65–74 years30.026.025.226.3
 75 years and over50.244.745.244.0
Sex3
Male13.112.212.311.9
Female13.411.912.312.2
Race3,4
White only13.111.812.111.8
Black or African American only17.115.614.915.3
American Indian and Alaska Native only23.118.919.521.2
Asian only7.56.76.46.4
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander only- - -***
2 or more races- - -19.822.020.2
 Black or African American; White- - -14.8*8.3*16.8
 American Indian and Alaska Native; White- - -22.030.024.8
Hispanic origin and race3,4
Hispanic or Latino12.810.510.710.2
 Mexican12.510.310.89.7
Not Hispanic or Latino13.512.412.612.4
 White only13.212.112.412.2
 Black or African American only17.015.515.015.4
Poverty status3,5
Poor25.422.322.923.1
Near poor17.917.117.417.0
Nonpoor10.19.59.59.2
Hispanic origin and race and poverty status3,4,5
Hispanic or Latino:
 Poor19.216.216.315.5
 Near poor12.710.912.29.9
 Nonpoor9.27.97.78.2
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only:
  Poor27.824.825.426.2
  Near poor19.218.819.519.3
  Nonpoor10.49.79.79.4
 Black or African American only:
  Poor28.224.825.026.1
  Near poor19.520.117.919.0
  Nonpoor10.710.010.09.7
Geographic region3
Northeast13.011.111.811.3
Midwest13.113.313.113.3
South13.912.312.612.4
West13.011.511.511.1
Location of residence3
Within MSA612.711.311.411.2
Outside MSA615.515.315.915.7
Characteristic 1997 2001 2002 2003 1997 2001 2002 2003
65 years of age and overPercent with ADL limitation7Percent with IADL limitation7
All adults 65 years of age and over2,86.76.46.16.413.712.612.212.2
Age
65–74 years3.43.42.73.16.96.76.06.5
75 years and over10.49.69.89.921.218.919.118.4
Sex8
Male5.26.04.75.29.19.67.88.6
Female7.76.57.07.216.914.615.214.6
Race4,8
White only6.35.75.65.913.111.811.511.5
Black or African American only11.711.810.010.521.318.818.519.2
American Indian and Alaska Native only********
Asian only**9.2***9.115.9*11.2*11.8
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander only- - -***- - -***
2 or more races- - -***- - -*16.0*20.8*20.4
Hispanic origin and race4,8
Hispanic or Latino10.811.29.210.316.317.013.113.8
 Mexican11.410.610.29.818.817.014.015.1
Not Hispanic or Latino6.56.15.96.113.612.312.212.1
 White only6.15.55.55.713.011.611.511.4
 Black or African American only11.711.910.110.421.218.818.719.0
Poverty status5,8
Poor12.511.29.510.425.322.921.121.6
Near poor7.47.56.97.015.814.914.715.0
Nonpoor5.35.05.15.510.49.79.59.4
Hispanic origin and race and poverty status4,5,8
Hispanic or Latino:
 Poor16.013.512.5*15.225.524.017.320.1
 Near poor11.111.310.0*8.415.516.415.612.3
 Nonpoor*6.68.8*6.7*8.510.212.28.7*11.1
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only:
  Poor11.89.98.28.924.923.020.420.7
  Near poor6.66.56.36.415.214.114.214.8
  Nonpoor5.04.64.85.110.39.29.29.0
 Black or African American only:
  Poor13.515.913.814.027.825.826.628.3
  Near poor12.412.3*9.810.422.418.619.318.9
  Nonpoor9.89.38.18.415.114.913.413.9
Characteristic 1997 2001 2002 2003 1997 2001 2002 2003
Geographic region8Percent with ADL limitation7Percent with IADL limitation7
Northeast6.16.56.36.612.211.311.011.4
Midwest5.84.95.24.713.112.611.711.3
South8.27.56.37.215.813.313.013.1
West5.96.06.56.512.412.612.712.1
Location of residence8
Within MSA66.66.16.26.313.512.212.112.0
Outside MSA67.27.35.66.714.413.812.612.8

* Estimates are considered unreliable. Data preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error (RSE) of 20–30 percent. Data not shown have an RSE of greater than 30 percent.

- - - Data not available.

1

Limitation of activity is assessed by asking respondents a series of questions about limitations in their ability to perform activities usual for their age group because of a physical, mental, or emotional problem. The category limitation of activity includes limitations in personal care (ADL), routine needs (IADL), and other limitations due to a chronic condition. See Appendix II, Limitation of activity; Activities of daily living; Condition; Instrumental activities of daily living.

2

Includes all other races not shown separately.

3

Estimates for all persons are age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population using six age groups: Under 18 years, 18–44 years, 45–54 years, 55–64 years, 65–74 years, and 75 years and over. Age-adjusted estimates in this table may differ from other age-adjusted estimates based on the same data and presented elsewhere if different age groups are used in the adjustment procedure. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

4

The race groups, white, black, American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, and 2 or more races, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Starting with data year 1999 race-specific estimates are tabulated according to 1997 Standards for Federal data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The five single race categories plus multiple race categories shown in the table conform to 1997 Standards. Starting with data year 1999 race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group; the category "2 or more races" includes persons who reported more than one racial group. Prior to data year 1999, data were tabulated according to 1977 Standards with four racial groups and the category "Asian only" included Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. Estimates for single race categories prior to 1999 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. See Appendix II, Race.

5

Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor persons have incomes of 100 percent to less than 200 percent of the poverty threshold. Nonpoor persons have incomes of 200 percent or greater than the poverty threshold. Missing family income data were imputed for 25 percent of persons in 1997 and 32–35 percent in 1999–2003. See Appendix II, Family income; Poverty level.

6

MSA is metropolitan statistical area.

7

These estimates are for noninstitutionalized older persons. ADL is activities of daily living and IADL is instrumental activities of daily living. Respondents were asked about needing the help of another person with personal care (ADL) and routine needs such as chores and shopping (IADL) because of a physical, mental, or emotional problem. See Appendix II, Activities of daily living; Condition; Instrumental activities of daily living.

8

Estimates are age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population using two age groups: 65–74 years and 75 years and over. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

NOTES: Standard errors for selected years are available in the spreadsheet version of this table. See www​.cdc.gov/nchs/hus.htm. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III. Starting with Health, United States, 2005, estimates for 2000 and later years use weights derived from the 2000 census. Estimates for 2000–2002 were recalculated using 2000-based weights and may differ from previous editions of Health, United States.

SOURCE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey, family core questionnaire.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2005
Health, United States, 2005: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2005 Nov.

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