Table 2Persons and families below poverty level, according to selected characteristics, race, and Hispanic origin: United States, selected years 1973–2003
[Data are based on household interviews of the civilian noninstitutionalized population]
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Selected characteristics, race, and Hispanic origin 1 1973 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2 2001 2002 2003
All personsPercent below poverty
All races11.113.014.013.513.811.311.712.112.5
White only8.410.211.410.711.29.59.910.210.5
Black or African American only31.432.531.331.929.322.522.724.124.4
Asian only- - -- - -- - -12.214.69.910.210.111.8
Hispanic or Latino21.925.729.028.130.321.521.421.822.5
 Mexican- - -- - -28.828.131.222.922.8- - -- - -
 Puerto Rican- - -- - -43.340.638.125.626.1- - -- - -
White only, not Hispanic or Latino7.59.19.78.88.57.47.88.08.2
Related children under 18 years of age in families
All races14.217.920.119.920.215.615.816.317.2
White only9.713.415.615.115.512.412.813.113.9
Black or African American only40.642.143.144.241.530.930.032.133.6
Asian only- - -- - -- - -17.018.612.511.111.412.1
Hispanic or Latino27.833.039.637.739.327.627.428.229.5
 Mexican- - -- - -37.435.539.329.528.8- - -- - -
 Puerto Rican- - -- - -58.656.753.232.133.0- - -- - -
White only, not Hispanic or Latino- - -11.312.311.610.68.58.98.99.3
Related children under 18 years of age in families with female householder and no spouse present
All races- - -50.853.653.450.340.139.339.641.8
White only- - -41.645.245.942.533.934.734.737.0
Black or African American only- - -64.866.964.761.649.346.647.549.8
Asian only- - -- - -- - -32.242.438.026.729.837.4
Hispanic or Latino- - -65.072.468.465.749.849.347.950.6
 Mexican- - -- - -64.462.465.951.450.9- - -- - -
 Puerto Rican- - -- - -85.482.779.655.352.9- - -- - -
White only, not Hispanic or Latino- - -- - -- - -39.633.528.029.029.230.7
All personsNumber below poverty in thousands
All races22,97329,27233,06433,58536,42531,58132,90734,57035,861
White only15,14219,69922,86022,32624,42321,64522,73923,46624,272
Black or African American only7,3888,5798,9269,8379,8727,9828,1368,6028,781
Asian only- - -- - -- - -8581,4111,2581,2751,1611,401
Hispanic or Latino2,3663,4915,2366,0068,5747,7477,9978,5559,051
 Mexican- - -- - -3,2203,7645,6085,4605,698- - -- - -
 Puerto Rican- - -- - -1,0119661,183814839- - -- - -
White only, not Hispanic or Latino12,86416,36517,83916,62216,26714,36615,27115,56715,902
Related children under 18 years of age in families
All races9,45311,11412,48312,71513,99911,00511,17511,64612,340
White only5,4626,8177,8387,6968,4746,8347,0867,2037,624
Black or African American only3,8223,9064,0574,4124,6443,4953,4233,5703,750
Asian only- - -- - -- - -356532407353302331
Hispanic or Latino1,3641,7182,5122,7503,9383,3423,4333,6533,982
 Mexican- - -- - -1,5891,7332,6552,5372,613- - -- - -
 Puerto Rican- - -- - -535490610329319- - -- - -
White only, not Hispanic or Latino- - -5,1745,4215,1064,7453,7153,8873,8483,957
Selected characteristics,race, and Hispanic origin 1 1973 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2 2001 2002 2003
Related children under 18 years of age in families with female householder and no spouse presentNumber below poverty in thousands
All races- - -5,8666,7167,3638,3646,3006,3416,5647,085
White only- - -2,8133,3723,5974,0513,0903,2913,2713,580
Black or African American only- - -2,9443,1813,5433,9542,9082,7412,8553,026
Asian only- - -- - -- - -8014516210585119
Hispanic or Latino- - -8091,2471,3141,8721,4071,5081,5011,727
 Mexican- - -- - -5536151,0569381,001- - -- - -
 Puerto Rican- - -- - -449382459242236- - -- - -
White only, not Hispanic or Latino- - -- - -- - -2,4112,2991,8321,9531,9492,033

- - - Data not available.

1

The race groups, white, black, and Asian, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Starting with data year 2002 race-specific estimates are tabulated according to 1997 Standards for Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The three single race categories shown in the table conform to 1997 Standards. For 2002 and later years, race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group. Prior to data year 2002, data were tabulated according to 1977 Standards in which the category "Asian only" included Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. Estimates for single race categories prior to 2002 are based on answers to the Current Population Survey questionnaire which asked respondents to choose only a single race. See Appendix II, Race.

2

Estimates are consistent with 2001 data through implementation of Census 2000-based population controls and a 28,000 household sample expansion.

NOTES: Estimates of poverty for 1991–98 are based on 1990 postcensal population estimates. Estimates for 1999 and later years are based on 2000 census population controls. Poverty status is based on family income and family size using Bureau of the Census poverty thresholds. See Appendix II, Poverty status. The Current Population Survey is not large enough to produce reliable annual estimates for American Indian or Alaska Native persons, or for Native Hawaiians. The 2001–03 average poverty rate for American Indian or Alaskan Native only or in combination was 20.0 percent, representing 883,000 persons; for American Indian or Alaska Native only was 23.2 percent, representing 612,000 persons. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCES: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey 2000–2004 Annual Social and Economic Supplements; DeNavas-Walt C, Proctor BD, Mills RJ. Income, Poverty and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2003. Current population reports, series P–60, no 226. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office. 2004.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2005
Health, United States, 2005: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2005 Nov.

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