Table 152.2Palliative Procedures for Esophageal Cancer

Tracheoesophageal fistulaNoYesNo
Exophytic tumorYesYesYes
Infiltrative (nonexophytic)NoYesMaybe
Cervical esophagusMaybeNoYes
Gastroesophageal junctionMaybeMaybeYes
Postradiation occurrenceMaybeMaybeYes

PDT = photodynamic therapy.

Modified from Rahmani EY, Rex DK. In: Yamada T, Alpers D, Laine L, Owyang C, Powell D, editors. Textbook of Gastroenterology. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins; 1999. p. 2889.

From: Chapter 152, Gastrointestinal Complications

Cover of Holland-Frei Cancer Medicine
Holland-Frei Cancer Medicine. 5th edition.
Bast RC Jr, Kufe DW, Pollock RE, et al., editors.
Hamilton (ON): BC Decker; 2000.
© 2000, BC Decker Inc.

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