Table 13.4A Summary of Established Hormonal Risk and Protective Factors for Ovarian Cancer

Risk factors (increased number of ovulations)
Late menopause
Protective factors (decreased number of ovulations)
Oral contraceptives

From: Chapter 13, Hormones and the Etiology of Cancer

Cover of Holland-Frei Cancer Medicine
Holland-Frei Cancer Medicine. 5th edition.
Bast RC Jr, Kufe DW, Pollock RE, et al., editors.
Hamilton (ON): BC Decker; 2000.
© 2000, BC Decker Inc.

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