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Table 89Additions to mental health organizations according to type of service and organization: United States, selected years 1986-2000
[Data are based on inventories of mental health organizations] Click here for spreadsheet version

Service and organization 1986 1990 1994 1 1998 2000 2 1986 1990 1994 1 1998 2000 2
24-hour hospital and residential treatment3Additions4 in thousandsAdditions per 100,000 civilian population5
All organizations1,8192,0352,2672,3002,153759.9833.7874.6854.8768.1
State and county mental hospitals333276238216218139.1113.292.080.477.6
Private psychiatric hospitals23540748546252998.0166.5187.1171.7188.6
Non-Federal general hospital psychiatric services8499601,0671,1101,022354.8393.2411.5412.4364.8
Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers618019817316718375.181.266.961.965.4
Residential treatment centers for emotionally disturbed children254247454810.
All other organizations719815325730015382.762.699.0111.654.6
Less than 24-hour care8
All organizations2,9553,2983,5164,0484,6151,233.41,352.41,356.81,504.41,646.7
State and county mental hospitals684842645528.419.816.123.819.7
Private psychiatric hospitals13216321420635855.266.982.476.6127.8
Non-Federal general hospital psychiatric services5336594986281,242222.4270.0192.0233.4443.1
Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers613318413212714455.375.351.147.251.4
Residential treatment centers for emotionally disturbed children6710016712820428.140.864.647.772.8
All other organizations72,0222,1452,4642,8952,612844.0879.6950.71,075.8931.9

Beginning in 1994 data for supportive residential clients (moderately staffed housing arrangements such as supervised apartments, group homes, and halfway houses) are included in the totals and “All other organizations. ” This change affects the comparability of trend data prior to 1994 with data for 1994 and later years.


Preliminary data.


These data exclude mental health care provided in nonpsychiatric units of hospitals such as general medical units.


See Appendix II, Addition.


Civilian population estimate for 2000 is based on 2000 Census as of July 1; population estimates for 1992–98 are 1990 postcensal estimates.


Includes Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) neuropsychiatric hospitals, VA general hospital psychiatric services, and VA psychiatric outpatient clinics.


Includes freestanding psychiatric outpatient clinics, partial care organizations, and multiservice mental health organizations. See Appendix I, Survey of Mental Health Organizations.


Formerly reported as partial care and outpatient treatment, the survey format was changed in 1994 and the reporting of these services was combined due to similarities in the care provided. These data exclude office-based mental health care (psychiatrists, psychologists, licensed clinical social workers, and psychiatric nurses).

NOTES: Data for 1998 are revised and differ from the previous edition of Health, United States. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCES: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services (CMHS). Manderscheid RW and Henderson MJ. Mental Health, United States, 2000. Washington, DC. U.S. Government Printing Office, 2001; and Mental Health, United States, 2002. U.S. Government Printing Office, forthcoming.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2004
Health, United States, 2004: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2004 Sep.

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