Table 86Prescription drug use in the past month by sex, age, race, and Hispanic origin: United States, 1988-94 and 1999–2000
[Data are based on a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population] Click here for spreadsheet version

Not Hispanic or Latino
All persons 1 White Black or African American Mexican 2
Sex and age 1988–94 1999–2000 1988–94 1999–2000 1988–94 1999–2000 1988–94 1999–2000
Percent of population with at least one prescription drug in past month
Both sexes, age adjusted339.144.341.147.436.940.131.732.0
 Male32.738.834.241.731.134.127.526.6
 Female45.049.447.652.941.444.936.037.1
Both sexes, crude37.843.041.448.231.234.624.024.1
 Male30.636.733.541.525.528.320.119.7
 Female44.649.248.954.836.240.228.128.8
Under 18 years20.524.122.927.214.819.216.116.4
18–44 years31.334.734.339.627.826.521.119.4
45–64 years54.862.155.563.557.561.748.151.2
65 years and over73.683.974.084.574.586.767.769.1
Male:
 Under 18 years20.425.822.329.515.520.416.317.2
 18–44 years21.525.423.529.421.117.914.913.7
 45–64 years47.253.648.155.048.250.643.840.2
 65 years and over67.281.167.481.664.483.161.362.3
Female:
 Under 18 years20.622.223.624.814.217.916.015.7
 18–44 years40.743.844.749.633.433.828.125.7
 45–64 years62.069.862.672.064.470.452.260.7
 65 years and over78.386.078.886.681.389.473.074.7
Percent of population with three or more prescription drugs in past month
Both sexes, age adjusted311.816.512.417.412.616.29.010.4
 Male9.413.29.914.010.215.27.08.9
 Female13.919.414.620.714.317.111.011.7
Both sexes, crude11.015.512.518.09.212.14.85.6
 Male8.311.89.513.97.010.43.44.5
 Female13.619.215.422.011.113.66.46.7
Under 18 years2.43.73.24.11.5*2.5*1.22.0
18–44 years5.77.56.39.45.4*5.03.0*
45–64 years20.029.520.930.121.929.916.019.5
65 years and over35.347.635.047.441.255.431.337.1
Male:
 Under 18 years2.63.13.3*3.51.7**2.4
 18–44 years3.64.94.16.34.2**1.8*
 45–64 years15.122.415.823.418.727.111.6*17.4
 65 years and over31.343.930.943.031.756.627.631.5
Female:
 Under 18 years2.34.33.0*4.8*1.2**1.5*1.6
 18–44 years7.610.18.512.46.4*4.3*
 45–64 years24.735.925.836.924.332.020.321.3
 65 years and over38.250.338.050.647.754.534.541.6
Standard errors for percent of population with at least one prescription drug in past month4
Both sexes, age adjusted30.51.00.71.10.61.40.81.2
 Male0.61.40.81.60.92.10.91.7
 Female0.61.10.91.30.91.81.01.5
Both sexes, crude0.51.10.71.10.61.60.81.4
 Male0.71.40.91.60.92.30.91.6
 Female0.71.21.01.30.91.80.71.9
Under 18 years0.81.31.32.00.71.20.61.3
18–44 years0.81.71.01.60.92.41.12.0
45–64 years1.01.91.12.21.63.72.03.9
65 years and over0.91.31.01.51.51.72.73.9
Male:
 Under 18 years1.01.81.42.61.01.50.91.5
 18–44 years1.02.11.32.41.33.41.22.4
 45–64 years1.42.71.73.02.25.32.55.3
 65 years and over1.62.21.82.52.64.12.74.8
Female:
 Under 18 years1.01.51.62.30.81.60.92.4
 18–44 years1.02.41.52.81.33.01.22.3
 45–64 years1.42.41.73.02.04.83.34.7
 65 years and over1.11.81.21.91.82.83.44.4
Standard errors for percent of population with three or more prescription drugs in past month4
Both sexes, age adjusted30.20.70.30.80.51.00.40.9
 Male0.30.80.41.00.61.50.51.2
 Female0.40.90.41.00.71.20.71.1
Both sexes, crude0.30.70.40.90.51.00.30.5
 Male0.30.80.41.00.51.30.30.7
 Female0.40.90.61.10.71.30.40.7
Under 18 years0.30.50.50.80.20.60.30.3
18–44 years0.30.80.41.00.41.30.3*
45–64 years0.81.70.92.11.12.61.32.4
65 years and over0.91.91.02.32.23.12.23.7
Male:
 Under 18 years0.40.50.60.90.3**0.4
 18–44 years0.50.90.61.20.6*0.4*
 45–64 years1.02.61.23.01.44.61.83.6
 65 years and over1.32.71.43.12.34.53.04.8
Female:
 Under 18 years0.30.90.51.30.3*0.40.4
 18–44 years0.51.30.71.60.7*0.5*
 45–64 years1.12.31.32.71.63.42.33.6
 65 years and over1.32.11.42.53.05.03.24.1

* Estimates are considered unreliable. Data preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error (RSE) of 20–30 percent. Data not shown have a RSE of greater than 30 percent.

1

Includes persons of all races and Hispanic origins, not just those shown separately.

2

Persons of Mexican origin may be of any race.

3

Age adjusted to the 2000 standard population using four age groups: Under 18, 18–44, 45–64, and 65 years and over. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

4

Standard errors of estimates are shown. 1999–2000 estimates are based on a smaller sample size than estimates for 1988–94 and therefore are subject to greater sampling error.

NOTES: Starting with data year 1999 race-specific estimates are tabulated according to 1997 Standards for Federal data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The two non-Hispanic race categories shown in the table conform to 1997 Standards. The 1999–2000 race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group. Prior to data year 1999, data were tabulated according to 1977 Standards. Estimates for single race categories prior to 1999 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. The effect of the 1997 Standard on the 1999–2000 estimates can be seen by comparing 1999–2000 data tabulated according to the two Standards: Estimates based on the 1977 Standards of the percent of the population, age adjusted, are: 0.2 percentage points higher for white males; 0.1 percentage points lower for white females; 0.1 percentage points lower for black males; and 0.1 percentage points higher for black females than estimates based on the 1997 Standards. See Appendix II, Race.

SOURCE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2004
Health, United States, 2004: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2004 Sep.

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