Table 76Emergency department visits within the past 12 months among children under 18 years of age, according to selected characteristics: United States, selected years 1997-2002
[Data are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population] Click here for spreadsheet version

Under 18 years of age Under 6 years of age 6–17 years of age
Characteristic 1997 1999 2002 1997 1999 2002 1997 1999 2002
Percent of children with 1 or more emergency department visits1
All children219.917.922.424.323.328.017.715.319.7
Race3
White only19.417.121.322.621.926.217.814.819.1
Black or African American only24.022.527.933.132.336.719.418.223.8
American Indian and Alaska Native only*24.133.3**24.3*29.5**24.0*36.2*
Asian only12.69.414.420.8*13.4*19.58.6*7.4*11.6
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander only- - -**- - -**- - -**
2 or more races- - -23.328.5- - -28.737.8- - -*19.720.2
Hispanic origin and race3
Hispanic or Latino21.115.920.725.721.426.818.112.617.2
Not Hispanic or Latino19.718.322.824.023.828.317.615.720.2
 White only19.217.421.822.222.126.417.715.319.7
 Black or African American only23.622.527.932.732.536.319.218.223.9
Poverty status4
Poor25.123.526.729.530.234.322.219.722.4
Near poor22.021.326.628.028.932.819.017.323.4
Nonpoor17.315.119.720.518.923.915.813.417.8
Hispanic origin and race and poverty status3,4
Hispanic or Latino:
 Poor21.916.422.425.021.230.419.613.117.2
 Near poor20.815.021.628.821.425.415.611.419.6
 Nonpoor20.416.218.423.421.724.818.713.315.0
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only:
  Poor25.525.427.127.233.236.124.421.422.1
  Near poor22.323.427.925.830.733.920.719.625.0
  Nonpoor17.214.919.420.118.122.615.913.518.1
 Black or African American only:
  Poor29.327.730.339.538.638.723.022.226.2
  Near poor22.522.732.331.732.740.918.518.428.0
  Nonpoor17.717.323.022.625.030.915.914.319.7
Health insurance status5
Insured19.818.122.924.423.128.617.515.720.1
 Private17.515.420.020.918.924.515.913.918.1
 Medicaid28.228.830.833.035.237.624.124.226.3
Uninsured20.216.418.323.025.522.018.912.716.7
Poverty status and health insurance status4
Poor:
 Insured26.625.928.431.331.736.423.122.323.6
 Uninsured19.915.517.819.823.9*21.720.011.8*16.0
Near poor:
 Insured22.222.328.128.529.734.718.918.224.6
 Uninsured21.317.619.426.225.823.319.214.417.5
Nonpoor:
 Insured17.115.119.820.218.524.015.713.517.9
 Uninsured18.916.017.622.627.1*20.917.311.216.4
Geographic region
Northeast18.517.123.320.720.327.417.415.521.4
Midwest19.518.422.726.024.128.416.415.820.0
South21.819.224.425.625.731.319.916.121.1
West18.515.917.923.521.422.515.913.115.6
Location of residence
Within MSA619.716.721.723.922.027.017.414.019.1
Outside MSA620.822.425.426.229.132.318.619.722.4
Percent of children with 2 or more emergency department visits1
All children27.15.57.49.68.710.15.84.06.2
Race3
White only6.64.76.68.47.38.75.73.45.6
Black or African American only9.69.111.114.915.817.46.96.18.1
American Indian and Alaska Native only*********
Asian only*5.7***12.9*****
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander only- - -**- - -**- - -**
2 or more races- - -10.512.6- - -*15.717.3- - -**8.3
Hispanic origin and race3
Hispanic or Latino8.95.28.011.87.911.77.03.65.9
Not Hispanic or Latino6.85.57.39.28.89.75.74.06.2
 White only6.24.76.47.87.47.85.53.45.7
 Black or African American only9.39.111.114.615.917.56.86.18.2
Poverty status4
Poor11.19.612.314.514.417.28.97.09.6
Near poor8.37.28.812.211.411.26.35.07.6
Nonpoor5.33.75.56.55.67.24.72.84.8
Hispanic origin and race and poverty status3,4
Hispanic or Latino:
 Poor10.45.48.913.97.914.28.0*3.7*5.4
 Near poor8.25.69.312.08.812.95.7**7.4
 Nonpoor7.64.76.28.4*7.28.57.1*3.4*5.1
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only:
  Poor10.710.212.012.216.915.89.8*6.8*9.9
  Near poor8.07.38.111.211.58.86.45.17.7
  Nonpoor5.03.35.15.84.96.24.62.74.6
 Black or African American only:
  Poor12.712.715.519.119.823.18.89.111.7
  Near poor9.29.010.4*13.5*15.5*14.6*7.2*6.2*8.3
  Nonpoor5.55.58.1*8.2*11.314.5*4.5*3.3*5.3
Health insurance status5
Insured7.05.67.59.68.610.25.74.16.1
 Private5.23.85.66.85.77.14.53.04.9
 Medicaid13.112.612.816.217.116.510.49.410.3
Uninsured7.74.97.19.89.09.16.8*3.26.2
Poverty status and health insurance status4
Poor:
 Insured12.111.013.215.715.718.39.58.210.1
 Uninsured7.6*5.0*8.1*8.3*9.1**7.3**
Near poor:
 Insured8.47.89.112.312.211.36.35.37.9
 Uninsured7.9*5.0*7.1*11.1*7.9*10.96.5**
Nonpoor:
 Insured5.13.75.46.25.47.24.62.94.7
 Uninsured7.7*4.5*6.4*10.1***6.7**6.5
Geographic regionPercent of children with 2 or more emergency department visits1
Northeast6.24.97.27.66.59.25.44.06.3
Midwest6.65.86.910.49.88.34.84.06.2
South8.06.18.710.19.812.16.94.37.0
West7.14.76.110.07.69.45.63.34.4
Location of residence
Within MSA67.25.07.19.68.09.85.93.45.8
Outside MSA66.87.48.89.711.311.45.65.87.6

* Estimates are considered unreliable. Data preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error (RSE) of 20–30 percent. Data not shown have a RSE of greater than 30 percent.

- - - Data not available.

1

See Appendix II, Emergency department visit.

2

Includes all other races not shown separately and unknown health insurance status.

3

The race groups, white, black, American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN), Asian, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, and 2 or more races, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Starting with data year 1999 race-specific estimates are tabulated according to 1997 Standards for Federal data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The five single race categories plus multiple race categories shown in the table conform to 1997 Standards. The 1999 race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group; the category “2 or more races” includes persons who reported more than one racial group. Prior to data year 1999, data were tabulated according to 1977 Standards with four racial groups and the category “Asian only” included Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. Estimates for single race categories prior to 1999 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. The effect of the 1997 Standard on the 1999 estimates can be seen by comparing 1999 data tabulated according to the two Standards. Estimates based on the 1977 Standard of the percent of children under 18 years of age with 1 or more emergency department visits are: 0.1 percentage points higher for white children; 0.2 percentage points higher for black children; 2.1 percentage points lower for AI/AN children; and 2.0 percentage points higher for Asian and Pacific Islander children than estimates based on the 1997 Standards. See Appendix II, Race.

4

Poor persons are defined as below the poverty threshold. Near poor persons have incomes of 100 percent to less than 200 percent of the poverty threshold. Nonpoor persons have incomes of 200 percent or greater than the poverty threshold. Starting with Health, United States, 2004 a new methodology for imputing family income was used for data years 1997 and beyond. Missing family income data were imputed for 21–25 percent of children in 1997–98 and 28–30 percent in 1999–2002. Therefore, estimates by poverty for 1997–2001 differ from those in previous editions of Health, United States. See Appendix II, Family income; Poverty level.

5

Health insurance categories are mutually exclusive. Persons who reported both Medicaid and private coverage are classified as having private coverage. Starting in 1997 Medicaid includes state-sponsored health plans and State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP). The category “insured” also includes military, other State, and Medicare coverage. See Appendix II, Health insurance coverage.

6

MSA is metropolitan statistical area.

NOTES: Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III. Standard errors for selected years are available in the spreadsheet version of this table. See www‚Äč.cdc.gov/nchs/hus.htm.

SOURCE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey, family core and sample child questionnaires.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2004
Health, United States, 2004: With Chartbook on Trends in the Health of Americans.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2004 Sep.

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