APPENDIX TABLE A8-5Poverty Rates of Elderly Persons, 1997–2001 Pooled

National Origin (Birthplace) Generation*
1.0: Arrived as Adult 2.0: U.S.-Born, Both Parents Foreign-Born 2.5: U.S.-Born, 1 Parent U.S.-Born 3.0+: U.S.-Born, Both Parents U.S.-Born**
Fraction of Persons Age 65+ with Family Income Below the Poverty Threshold
Mexico 0.231 0.184 0.157 0.185
El Salvador, Guatemala 0.208
Other Central America 0.134
Puerto Rico 0.311
Dominican Republic 0.391 0.079 0.048
Cuba 0.250
Colombia 0.127
Peru, Ecuador 0.198
Other South America 0.092
Hispanics (self-identity)**0.236 0.176 0.175 0.178
Black non-Hispanics (self-identity)**0.241
White non-Hispanics (self-identity)**0.081

Persons who entered the United States before 1950 are omitted because their age at arrival could not be determined if they wer e born before 1932, and the sample born 1932–1949 (i.e., generation 1.5) is too small for analysis.


The samples for Hispanics overall and for 3+ generation Mexicans and black and white non-Hispanics are identified by the “sub jective” Spanish-origin and race questions in the CPS.

SOURCE: Pooled March CPS files, 1998–2002, using person weights. Results for Hispanics are shown only for cells with at least 9 0 observations. Boxes indicate combined groups.

From: 8, Economic Well-Being

Cover of Hispanics and the Future of America
Hispanics and the Future of America.
National Research Council (US) Panel on Hispanics in the United States; Tienda M, Mitchell F, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2006.
Copyright © 2006, National Academy of Sciences.

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