Table 82

No health care visits to an office or clinic within the past 12 months among children under 18 years of age, by selected characteristics: United States, average annual 1997–1998, 2001–2002, and 2005–2006

[Data are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population]

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Under 18 yearsUnder 6 years6–17 years
Percent of children without a health care visit1
All children212.812.
White only12.211.511.
Black or African American only14.313.311.
American Indian or Alaska Native only13.8*18.6*15.7****17.6*23.0*17.7
Asian only16.315.617.5*5.6*6.810.522.120.520.8
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only- - -**- - -**- - -**
2 or more races- - -8.310.4- - -*3.3*- - -12.414.8
Hispanic origin and race3
Hispanic or Latino19.318.817.
Not Hispanic or Latino11.610.610.
 White only10.
 Black or African American only14.513.411.76.56.0*4.418.316.815.1
Percent of poverty level4
Below 100%17.617.314.
100%–less than 200%16.214.814.
200% or more9.
Hispanic origin and race and percent of poverty level3,4
Hispanic or Latino:
 Below 100%
 100%–less than 200%20.921.319.19.712.310.
 200% or more13.413.713.
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only:
  Below 100%*5.6*8.6*5.619.715.611.8
  100%–less than 200%14.111.813.26.0*6.08.518.014.815.4
  200% or more9.
 Black or African American only:
  Below 100%15.816.112.17.6*7.8*20.520.316.4
  100%–less than 200%16.413.313.1*7.7*4.4*20.417.516.2
  200% or more11.811.210.2*4.1*5.4*14.813.613.1
Health insurance status at the time of interview5
Health insurance status prior to interview5
Insured continuously all 12 months10.
Uninsured for any period up to 12 months15.917.715.87.710.39.320.921.918.8
Uninsured more than 12 months34.941.439.019.930.
Under 18 yearsUnder 6 years6–17 years
Percent of poverty level and health insurance status prior to interview4,5Percent of children without a health care visit1
Below 100%:
 Insured continuously all 12 months12.611.710.
 Uninsured for any period up to 12 months19.921.817.5*9.9*14.4 * 26.126.621.6
 Uninsured more than 12 months39.948.244.624.9*28.0*32.345.255.748.4
100%–less than 200%:
 Insured continuously all 12 months12.610.911.
 Uninsured for any period up to 12 months15.618.917.7*8.7*10.7*10.820.223.220.4
 Uninsured more than 12 months33.741.339.221.335.426.037.943.642.9
200% or more:
 Insured continuously all 12 months8.
 Uninsured for any period up to 12 months12.413.812.8 * *6.9*7.716.717.715.2
 Uninsured more than 12 months29.732.332.5*10.5*24.8*25.836.734.434.4
Geographic region
Location of residence
Within MSA612.311.711.
Outside MSA614.613.512.

Estimates are considered unreliable. Data preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error (RSE) of 20%–30%. Data not shown have an RSE of greater than 30%.

- - -

Data not available.


Respondents were asked how many times a doctor or other health care professional was seen in the past 12 months at a doctor’s office, clinic, or some other place. Excluded are visits to emergency rooms, hospitalizations, home visits, and telephone calls. Starting with 2000 data, dental visits were also excluded. See Appendix II, Health care contact.


Includes all other races not shown separately and unknown health insurance status.


The race groups, white, black, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 2 or more races, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are tabulated according to the 1997 Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The five single-race categories plus multiple-race categories shown in the table conform to the 1997 Standards. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group; the category 2 or more races includes persons who reported more than one racial group. Prior to 1999, data were tabulated according to the 1977 Standards with four racial groups and the Asian only category included Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Estimates for single-race categories prior to 1999 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. Starting with 2003 data, race responses of other race and unspecified multiple race were treated as missing, and then race was imputed if these were the only race responses. Almost all persons with a race response of other race were of Hispanic origin. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin; Race.


Percent of poverty level is based on family income and family size and composition using U.S. Census Bureau poverty thresholds. Missing family income data were imputed for 21%–25% of children under 18 years of age in 1997–1998 and 27%–31% in 1999–2006. See Appendix II, Family income; Poverty.


Health insurance categories are mutually exclusive. Persons who reported both Medicaid and private coverage are classified as having private coverage. Starting with 1997 data, state-sponsored health plan coverage is included as Medicaid coverage. Starting with 1999 data, coverage by the State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) is included as Medicaid coverage. In addition to private and Medicaid, the insured category also includes military, other government, and Medicare coverage. Persons not covered by private insurance, Medicaid, SCHIP, state-sponsored or other government-sponsored health plans (starting in 1997), Medicare, or military plans are considered to have no health insurance coverage. Persons with only Indian Health Service coverage are considered to have no health insurance coverage. See Appendix II, Health insurance coverage.


MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Starting with 2005–2006 data, MSA status is determined using 2000 census data and the 2000 standards for defining MSAs. For data prior to 2005, See Appendix II, Metropolitan statistical area (MSA) for the applicable standards.

NOTES: In 1997 the National Health Interview Survey questionnaire was redesigned. See Appendix I, National Health Interview Survey. Standard errors for selected years are available in the spreadsheet version of this table. Available from: http://www‚Äč Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, family core and sample child questionnaires.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2008
Health, United States, 2008: With Special Feature on the Health of Young Adults.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2009 Mar.

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