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Table 72

Serum total cholesterol levels among persons 20 years of age and over, by sex, age, race and Hispanic origin, and poverty level: United States, selected years 1960–1962 through 2003–2006

[Data are based on interviews and laboratory work of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population]

Click here for spreadsheet version

Sex, age, race and Hispanic origin 1, and percent of poverty level1960–19621971–19741976–1980 21988–19941999–20022003–2006
20–74 years, age-adjusted 3Percent of population with high serum total cholesterol (greater than or equal to 240 mg/dL)
Both sexes 433.328.627.819.717.016.3
Male30.627.926.418.816.915.6
Female35.629.128.820.517.016.9
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only, male- - -- - -26.418.717.016.0
 White only, female- - -- - -29.620.717.417.9
 Black or African American only, male- - -- - -25.516.412.511.2
 Black or African American only, female- - -- - -26.319.916.613.0
Mexican male- - -- - -20.318.717.617.7
Mexican female- - -- - -20.517.712.713.8
Percent of poverty level: 5
 Below 100%- - -24.423.519.317.818.2
 100%–less than 200%- - -28.926.519.418.816.5
 200% or more- - -28.929.019.616.516.2
20 years and over, age-adjusted 3
Both sexes 4- - -- - -- - -20.817.316.3
Male- - -- - -- - -19.016.415.1
Female- - -- - -- - -22.017.817.1
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only, male- - -- - -- - -18.816.515.5
 White only, female- - -- - -- - -22.218.118.0
 Black or African American only, male- - -- - -- - -16.912.410.9
 Black or African American only, female- - -- - -- - -21.417.713.3
Mexican male- - -- - -- - -18.517.417.6
Mexican female- - -- - -- - -18.713.814.4
Percent of poverty level: 5
 Below 100%- - -- - -- - -20.618.318.1
 100%–less than 200%- - -- - -- - -20.619.116.7
 200% or more- - -- - -- - -20.416.516.0
20 years and over, crude
Both sexes 4- - -- - -- - -19.617.316.4
Male- - -- - -- - -17.716.615.2
Female- - -- - -- - -21.318.017.5
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only, male- - -- - -- - -18.016.915.7
 White only, female- - -- - -- - -22.519.118.9
 Black or African American only, male- - -- - -- - -14.712.210.8
 Black or African American only, female- - -- - -- - -18.216.112.5
Mexican male- - -- - -- - -15.415.015.7
Mexican female- - -- - -- - -14.310.712.6
Percent of poverty level: 5
 Below 100%- - -- - -- - -17.616.416.8
 100%–less than 200%- - -- - -- - -19.818.216.0
 200% or more- - -- - -- - -19.516.916.5
Male
20–34 years15.112.411.98.29.89.5
35–44 years33.931.827.919.419.820.5
45–54 years39.237.536.926.623.620.8
55–64 years41.636.236.828.019.916.0
65–74 years38.034.731.721.913.710.9
75 years and over- - -- - -- - -20.410.29.6
Female
20–34 years12.410.99.87.38.910.3
35–44 years23.119.320.712.312.412.7
45–54 years46.938.740.526.721.419.7
55–64 years70.153.152.940.925.630.5
65–74 years68.557.751.641.332.324.2
75 years and over- - -- - -- - -38.226.518.6
Sex, age, race and Hispanic origin 1, and percent of poverty level1960–19621971–19741976–1980 21988–19941999–20022003–2006
20–74 years, age-adjusted3Mean serum cholesterol level, mg/dL
Both sexes4222216215205203200
Male220216213204203199
Female224217216205202201
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only, male- - -- - -213204202199
 White only, female- - -- - -216206204203
 Black or African American only, male- - -- - -211201195193
 Black or African American only, female- - -- - -216204200194
Mexican male- - -- - -209206205203
Mexican female- - -- - -209204198199
Percent of poverty level:5
 Below 100%- - -211211203200203
 100%–less than 200%- - -217213203203201
 200% or more- - -217216206203200
20 years and over, age-adjusted3
Both sexes4- - -- - -- - -206203200
Male- - -- - -- - -204202198
Female- - -- - -- - -207204202
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only, male- - -- - -- - -205202198
 White only, female- - -- - -- - -208205203
 Black or African American only, male- - -- - -- - -202195193
 Black or African American only, female- - -- - -- - -207202195
Mexican male- - -- - -- - -206204203
Mexican female- - -- - -- - -206199200
Percent of poverty level:5
 Below 100%- - -- - -- - -205201203
 100%–less than 200%- - -- - -- - -205204201
 200% or more- - -- - -- - -207203200
20 years and over, crude
Both sexes4- - -- - -- - -204203200
Male- - -- - -- - -202202198
Female- - -- - -- - -206204202
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only, male- - -- - -- - -203203198
 White only, female- - -- - -- - -208206205
 Black or African American only, male- - -- - -- - -198194192
 Black or African American only, female- - -- - -- - -201199194
Mexican male- - -- - -- - -199200200
Mexican female- - -- - -- - -198194196
Percent of poverty level:5
 Below 100%- - -- - -- - -200198200
 100%–less than 200%- - -- - -- - -202202199
 200% or more- - -- - -- - -205204201
Male
20–34 years198194192186188186
35–44 years227221217206207209
45–54 years231229227216215208
55–64 years233229229216212202
65–74 years230226221212202191
75 years and over- - -- - -- - -205195187
Female
20–34 years194191189184185188
35–44 years214207207195198197
45–54 years237232232217211208
55–64 years262245249235221219
65–74 years266250246233224214
75 years and over- - -- - -- - -229217206
- - -

Data not available.

1

Persons of Mexican origin may be of any race. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are tabulated according to the 1997 Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The two non-Hispanic race categories shown in the table conform to the 1997 Standards. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group. Prior to data year 1999, estimates were tabulated according to the 1977 Standards. Estimates for single-race categories prior to 1999 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin; Race.

2

Data for Mexicans are for 1982–1984. See Appendix I, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES).

3

Age-adjusted to the 2000 standard population using five age groups: 20–34 years, 35–44 years, 45–54 years, 55–64 years, and 65 years and over (65–74 years for estimates for 20–74 years). Age-adjusted estimates may differ from other age-adjusted estimates based on the same data and presented elsewhere if different age groups are used in the adjustment procedure. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

4

Includes persons of all races and Hispanic origins, not just those shown separately.

5

Percent of poverty level is based on family income and family size. Persons with unknown percent of poverty level are excluded (4% in 2003–2006). See Appendix II, Family income; Poverty.

NOTES: High serum cholesterol is defined as greater than or equal to 240 mg/dL (6.20 mmol/L). Borderline high serum cholesterol is defined as greater than or equal to 200 mg/dL and less than 240 mg/dL. Risk levels have been defined by the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health. September 2002. (Available from: http://www​.nhlbi.nih​.gov/guidelines/cholesterol/index.htm and summarized in JAMA 2001;285(19):2486–97). Individuals who take medicine to lower their serum cholesterol levels and whose measured total serum cholesterol levels are below the cut-offs for high and borderline high cholesterol are not defined as having high or borderline high cholesterol, respectively. See Appendix II, Cholesterol, serum. Standard errors for selected years are available in the spreadsheet version of this table. Available from: http://www​.cdc.gov/nchs/hus.htm. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCES: CDC/NCHS, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1982–1984), and National Health Examination Survey (1960–1962).

Persons of Mexican origin may be of any race. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are tabulated according to the 1997 Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The two non-Hispanic race categories shown in the table conform to the 1997 Standards. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group. Prior to data year 1999, estimates were tabulated according to the 1977 Standards. Estimates for single-race categories prior to 1999 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin; Race.

Data for Mexicans are for 1982–1984. See Appendix I, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES).

Age-adjusted to the 2000 standard population using five age groups: 20–34 years, 35–44 years, 45–54 years, 55–64 years, and 65 years and over (65–74 years for estimates for 20–74 years). Age-adjusted estimates may differ from other age-adjusted estimates based on the same data and presented elsewhere if different age groups are used in the adjustment procedure. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

Includes persons of all races and Hispanic origins, not just those shown separately.

Percent of poverty level is based on family income and family size. Persons with unknown percent of poverty level are excluded (4% in 2003–2006). See Appendix II, Family income; Poverty.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2008
Health, United States, 2008: With Special Feature on the Health of Young Adults.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2009 Mar.

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